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# Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in

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Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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08 May 2011, 20:11
1
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5% (low)

Question Stats:

91% (01:53) correct 9% (01:04) wrong based on 1457 sessions

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Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that
a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur
b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors
c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy
d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates
e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors

[Reveal] Spoiler:
guys i find answer choice D as the most appropriate But i want to know the type of assumption it is and also how d can be the assumption.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by JarvisR on 19 Jul 2015, 01:30, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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08 May 2011, 22:39
GMATD11 wrote:
Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that
a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur -- making a suggestion. POE.
b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors -- making a suggestion. POE.
c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy -- making a suggestion. POE.

d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates -- Negate this, and if CEO get direct information then he/she is better informed than what is mentioned in the conclusion. Thus an answer choice.

e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors -- not discussed and negating it doesn't weaken the conclusion. POE.

guys i find answer choice D as the most appropriate But i want to know the type of assumption it is and also how d can be the assumption.

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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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08 May 2011, 23:08
1
KUDOS
GMATD11 wrote:
Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that
a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur
b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors
c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy
d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates
e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors

guys i find answer choice D as the most appropriate But i want to know the type of assumption it is and also how d can be the assumption.

D is a supporter Assumption..The conclusion brings in the new piece of information "CEO".. so Use this in the answer choices
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2011, 01:33
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There are 2 kinds of assumptions which are explained in the book GMAT CRITICAL REASONING BIBLE by powerscore.

The 2 kinds are defender assumption and supporter assumption.

The problem is that negation test make clear the assumption.

in hard assumption questions in gmatprep va Manhantan, I normally see there are 2 choice, negation of both of which weakens the argument and can both be an assumption. However, only one is correct. Other choice is considered far. The example is question "bacteria on earth now" in gmatprep.
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2011, 14:40
thangvietnam wrote:
There are 2 kinds of assumptions which are explained in the book GMAT CRITICAL REASONING BIBLE by powerscore.

The 2 kinds are defender assumption and supporter assumption.

The problem is that negation test make clear the assumption.

in hard assumption questions in gmatprep va Manhantan, I normally see there are 2 choice, negation of both of which weakens the argument and can both be an assumption. However, only one is correct. Other choice is considered far. The example is question "bacteria on earth now" in gmatprep.

Interesting...I pick D as well. The assumption is that the people at the top only gets their information from the bottom. Thus, if the bottom lies, the top doesn't get good intel.
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2011, 18:29
+1 for D.

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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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29 Aug 2011, 05:33
5
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Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that
a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur
b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors
c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy
d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates
e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors

The assumption here is a logic gap assumption.
An assumption is what is absolutely necessary for the conclusion to be true. In short, an assumption is a hidden premise that bridges the gap between the premises and the conclusion.

Premise 1. No employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of the superior.
Premise 2. Hence, information about serious problems at lower levels is softened and distorted as it goes up the management ladder.
Conclusion: the CEO is less well informed about the problems at lower level than the sub-ordinates at that levels.

Premises say that information is softened by sub-ordinates. Conclusion says that the CEO is less well informed that sub-ordinates. Does it not assume that CEO is not informed by any other means than his sub-ordinates?

Try negating the choice D. The conclusion falls apart.
Negating is a good test on assumption questions.

Lets have a look at other choices.
A - problem solving is not discussed in the argument. though this seems like a real world solution, it is not in the scope of the argument and by no means is the assumption made to reason.
B - same as A. it is a solution. not an assumption
C - this is a trap choice! this is NOT an assumption. this might be true but this is not an assumption. even if problem solving ability were not more important at higher levels, this argument would remain valid.
D - correct answer as discussed above.
E - this assumption actually weakening the conclusion by challenging the premises. Remember, in CR assumption questions the validity of premises and conclusion cannot be challenged unless the question asks for a flaw in reasoning in which the assumption is put in a negative light!!
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2013, 01:28
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Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur
this is not about what needs to be done.. irrelevant... the issue is whether the chief executive know any less than his or her subordinates...

b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors
same as a... not the issue...

c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy
the issue is whether the chief executive is any less informed.. out...

d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates
bingo! if there are other sources then the conclusion is not solid...

e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors
if so, then the author shouldn't conclude that the chief executive will know less... if they are not that concerned about how they are percieved.. opposite... out
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2014, 04:22
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2016, 15:36
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2016, 06:06
alicegmat wrote:
Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that
a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur
b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors
c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy
d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates
e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors

The assumption here is a logic gap assumption.
An assumption is what is absolutely necessary for the conclusion to be true. In short, an assumption is a hidden premise that bridges the gap between the premises and the conclusion.

Premise 1. No employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of the superior.
Premise 2. Hence, information about serious problems at lower levels is softened and distorted as it goes up the management ladder.
Conclusion: the CEO is less well informed about the problems at lower level than the sub-ordinates at that levels.

Premises say that information is softened by sub-ordinates. Conclusion says that the CEO is less well informed that sub-ordinates. Does it not assume that CEO is not informed by any other means than his sub-ordinates?

Try negating the choice D. The conclusion falls apart.
Negating is a good test on assumption questions.

Lets have a look at other choices.
A - problem solving is not discussed in the argument. though this seems like a real world solution, it is not in the scope of the argument and by no means is the assumption made to reason.
B - same as A. it is a solution. not an assumption
C - this is a trap choice! this is NOT an assumption. this might be true but this is not an assumption. even if problem solving ability were not more important at higher levels, this argument would remain valid.
D - correct answer as discussed above.
E - this assumption actually weakening the conclusion by challenging the premises. Remember, in CR assumption questions the validity of premises and conclusion cannot be challenged unless the question asks for a flaw in reasoning in which the assumption is put in a negative light!!

IMO , there is no gap in the argument.
The argument states how the information is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy and finally concludes how the CEO is less well informed.
Hence , the correct answer "C" works as "defender assumption".

daagh , chetan2U.
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2016, 13:35
[quote="GMATD11"]Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy. the chief executive is therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than are his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that
a) problems should be solved at levels in the management hierarchy at which they occur
b) employees should be rewarded for accurately reporting problems to their superiors
c) problems-solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy
d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates
e) some employees are more are concerned about truth than about the way they are perceived by their superiors

[spoiler=]guys i find answer choice D as .. and D it is.
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2016, 00:35
D...negate D and argument falls apart.

if the CEO is getting info other than from sub. then he is well informed
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2016, 10:23
d) chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from the no source other than their subordinates

The assumption should relate CEO, sub-ordinates and Issues at lower levels logically. And D does this.
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Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2016, 12:28
D is the correct choice

a) outside the scope
b) outside the scope
c) outside the scope
d) Correct; we needed a link between CEOs and how they obtain information
e) this goes against the argument presented. If this were true, then employees would have no reason to soften the news and the CEO would be receiving accurate information - this is a weakening argument
Re: Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in   [#permalink] 16 Sep 2016, 12:28
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