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# Because of less availability and greater demand for

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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2011, 08:53
I picked C...Its all about meaning.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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27 Oct 2011, 11:41
D ---- guess i was wrong though great question!
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2011, 01:36
it is C....because demand for refer to the scientific research itself.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2012, 10:43
Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

-remains consistently is awkward A, B & E out
-platinum is compared to gold so -like is correctly used, (suppose the cost is compared than it would have been correct to use "that of" - B & E OUT

(A) Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
(B) Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
(C) Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.

in scientific research is the correct form - correct

(D) Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(E) Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2013, 10:30
Can someone explain what's wrong with A
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2013, 12:40
Emaco wrote:
Can someone explain what's wrong with A

In choice(A), "less availability and greater demand" are not parallel.

Choice(C) with "decreased availability and greater demand" is correct
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2013, 09:14

However, I am having concerns with "decreased availability". It sounds as if "someone" is reducing the availability of Platinum, while we want the sentence to mean that Platinum's availability is "low". Also, I was not sure why less was wrong. As far as I know, less can be used as both adjective and a comparative.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2013, 09:31
C for me,
Its not the demand for Scientific research but demand for Platinum in Scientific research
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2013, 13:07
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hogann wrote:
Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

(A) Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
(B) Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
(C) Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(D) Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(E) Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

SaraLotfy wrote:
Hello Mike,
Would you be so kind as to take a look at the link above and tell me your take on this question.
thanks

Dear Sara,
I'm happy to help.

Overall, this seems like a solid question. I have no idea what the source is, but I like the splits, and it definitely has one unambiguously clear answer, the way a good SC question should. I don't know why they include "because of" in the underline, since it's identical in all five answers, but that's a niggling stylistic detail. The question itself is of very high quality.

Split #1: (less & greater) vs. (decreased & increased). This is really a false split. It's true, the former pair will be more widely applicable than the latter pair, because the latter pair is limited to instanced in which there has been a change in quantity over time, but apparently that's true here, so either is fine.
Split #2: demand for vs. demand in. This is a very clever idiom split. The phrasing "demand for scientific research" would mean that, overall, folks want more scientific research --- it doesn't matter the topic, the research area --- people just want more. That would be very non-specific, and would necessarily have a whole lot to do with platinum. The focus, the star, of the sentence is platinum. The "availability" is clearly the availability of platinum, so for logical consistency, it should also be a "demand" for platinum. The noun "scientific research" is NOT the thing demanded, but instead the context in which the platinum is demanded. Therefore, we must say "demand in scientific research", which implies that the demand is for platinum. The only answers consistent with this split are (C) and (E).
Split #3: the comparison with "gold" at the end. Three answers have "platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold," which is perfectly correct. Since there's no other noun in that clause, it's crystal clear that the comparison is between platinum and gold. Choice (B) has "platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold," which is logically incorrect --- we are comparing the metal platinum to what about gold???? Choice (E) has "platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold" is grammatically & logically correct, but rhetorically unacceptable: it's a long, indirect, bulky way of saying something that can be said much more efficiently and succinctly, and in fact, is said that way in three other answer choices. Choice (B) & (E) cannot be correct.
On the basis of these splits, only (C) can be the correct answer. Choice (C) is mistake-free and elegant, and each of the other four answer choices has an unambiguous problem preventing it from being the answer. This is an an exceptionally good question. Kudos to whoever wrote it!!

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2013, 01:51
hogann wrote:
Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

(A) Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
(B) Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
(C) Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(D) Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(E) Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

Because of Parallelism( decreased availability and increased demand) A, B, E are Eliminated.
Between C and D "demand in" is appropriate.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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12 Feb 2015, 06:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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14 Feb 2016, 12:38
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2016, 20:01
Very nice question. Replying just to bump
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2016, 21:49
Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

A. Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
B. Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
C. Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
D. Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
E. Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

There is greater demand for Platinum and not for Scientific research. C correctly convey the intended meaning.
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2016, 01:02
mikemcgarry wrote:
hogann wrote:
Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.

(A) Because of less availability and greater demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold.
(B) Because of less availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold.
(C) Because of decreased availability and increased demand in scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(D) Because of decreased availability and increased demand for scientific research, platinum remains expensive, like gold.
(E) Because of decreased availability and greater demand in scientific research, platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.

SaraLotfy wrote:
Hello Mike,
Would you be so kind as to take a look at the link above and tell me your take on this question.
thanks

Dear Sara,
I'm happy to help.

Overall, this seems like a solid question. I have no idea what the source is, but I like the splits, and it definitely has one unambiguously clear answer, the way a good SC question should. I don't know why they include "because of" in the underline, since it's identical in all five answers, but that's a niggling stylistic detail. The question itself is of very high quality.

Split #1: (less & greater) vs. (decreased & increased). This is really a false split. It's true, the former pair will be more widely applicable than the latter pair, because the latter pair is limited to instanced in which there has been a change in quantity over time, but apparently that's true here, so either is fine.
Split #2: demand for vs. demand in. This is a very clever idiom split. The phrasing "demand for scientific research" would mean that, overall, folks want more scientific research --- it doesn't matter the topic, the research area --- people just want more. That would be very non-specific, and would necessarily have a whole lot to do with platinum. The focus, the star, of the sentence is platinum. The "availability" is clearly the availability of platinum, so for logical consistency, it should also be a "demand" for platinum. The noun "scientific research" is NOT the thing demanded, but instead the context in which the platinum is demanded. Therefore, we must say "demand in scientific research", which implies that the demand is for platinum. The only answers consistent with this split are (C) and (E).
Split #3: the comparison with "gold" at the end. Three answers have "platinum remains consistently expensive, like gold," which is perfectly correct. Since there's no other noun in that clause, it's crystal clear that the comparison is between platinum and gold. Choice (B) has "platinum remains consistently expensive, like that of gold," which is logically incorrect --- we are comparing the metal platinum to what about gold???? Choice (E) has "platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold" is grammatically & logically correct, but rhetorically unacceptable: it's a long, indirect, bulky way of saying something that can be said much more efficiently and succinctly, and in fact, is said that way in three other answer choices. Choice (B) & (E) cannot be correct.
On the basis of these splits, only (C) can be the correct answer. Choice (C) is mistake-free and elegant, and each of the other four answer choices has an unambiguous problem preventing it from being the answer. This is an an exceptionally good question. Kudos to whoever wrote it!!

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Hi Mike - In option E - Like that of Gold -- What is that referring to?
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2016, 14:04
rakaisraka wrote:
Hi Mike - In option E - Like that of Gold -- What is that referring to?

Dear rakaisraka,

I'm happy to respond.

First of all, I will point out a grammatical nicety in your writing. You asked, "What is that referring to?" This is a sentence that ends with a preposition. This is a gray area in modern grammar. Many intelligent people today would say that this is 100% perfectly fine. A hundred years ago, this wasn't acceptable, and folks who are grammar conservatives (such as myself) still have problem with this. The GMAT tends to be conservative. They never would test this particular point: it never would be the deciding split in a SC question. Nevertheless, when this structure does appear, it almost invariable appears as part of an incorrect choice, a choice is that clearly incorrect for some other reason. I am cautioning you simply so that this is on your radar. When you write your B-school essay, your cover letter for any job, etc. etc. you never know if the person reading it will be grammatically conservative or grammatically liberal. It might be a person who has no problem with a sentence that ends with a preposition, or it might be a person whose opinion of you drops slightly when they see that structure. With all these controversial gray-area structures, it's always good to develop the habit of sticking to the more conservative course as long as you are trying to make a good impression on people, especially people you don't know yet. The more formal, high-spoken way to ask that same question would be, "To what does that refer?" In this case, this is also more concise and more elegant.

The issue of words omitted in the second branch of a parallel structure is hard. See this blog article:
Dropping Common Words in Parallel on the GMAT
It's always hard on the GMAT, because the GMAT will give you the sentence with the common words already missing, and it's up to you to figure out what words were dropped.

It's important to remember that parallelism is not really a grammatical structure. Parallelism is a logical structure, and the grammar's job is to mirror the underlying logic. When you are this situation, think about the logic. Here is the end of (E):
...platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.
Think about it. The overall comparison relates the two precious metals, platinum (Pt) and gold (Au). The sentence says that platinum has a high price, so it must be true that gold also has a high price (incidentally, that should not be a big surprise if you know anything about the commodities market!) The word "that" stands for the words "the price." Here's a version of (E) with the pronoun replaced:
...platinum remains at a consistently high price, like the price of gold.
The strict comparison is between two prices: the price of Pt and the price of Au. The second price is remaining "consistently high" like the first price.

Does all this make sense?

Mike
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Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2016, 15:23
mikemcgarry wrote:
rakaisraka wrote:
Hi Mike - In option E - Like that of Gold -- What is that referring to?

Dear rakaisraka,

I'm happy to respond.

First of all, I will point out a grammatical nicety in your writing. You asked, "What is that referring to?" This is a sentence that ends with a preposition. This is a gray area in modern grammar. Many intelligent people today would say that this is 100% perfectly fine. A hundred years ago, this wasn't acceptable, and folks who are grammar conservatives (such as myself) still have problem with this. The GMAT tends to be conservative. They never would test this particular point: it never would be the deciding split in a SC question. Nevertheless, when this structure does appear, it almost invariable appears as part of an incorrect choice, a choice is that clearly incorrect for some other reason. I am cautioning you simply so that this is on your radar. When you write your B-school essay, your cover letter for any job, etc. etc. you never know if the person reading it will be grammatically conservative or grammatically liberal. It might be a person who has no problem with a sentence that ends with a preposition, or it might be a person whose opinion of you drops slightly when they see that structure. With all these controversial gray-area structures, it's always good to develop the habit of sticking to the more conservative course as long as you are trying to make a good impression on people, especially people you don't know yet. The more formal, high-spoken way to ask that same question would be, "To what does that refer?" In this case, this is also more concise and more elegant.

The issue of words omitted in the second branch of a parallel structure is hard. See this blog article:
Dropping Common Words in Parallel on the GMAT
It's always hard on the GMAT, because the GMAT will give you the sentence with the common words already missing, and it's up to you to figure out what words were dropped.

It's important to remember that parallelism is not really a grammatical structure. Parallelism is a logical structure, and the grammar's job is to mirror the underlying logic. When you are this situation, think about the logic. Here is the end of (E):
...platinum remains at a consistently high price, like that of gold.
Think about it. The overall comparison relates the two precious metals, platinum (Pt) and gold (Au). The sentence says that platinum has a high price, so it must be true that gold also has a high price (incidentally, that should not be a big surprise if you know anything about the commodities market!) The word "that" stands for the words "the price." Here's a version of (E) with the pronoun replaced:
...platinum remains at a consistently high price, like the price of gold.
The strict comparison is between two prices: the price of Pt and the price of Au. The second price is remaining "consistently high" like the first price.

Does all this make sense?

Mike

Thanks a lot Mike. I'm going to remember the preposition part for rest of my life.
Re: Because of less availability and greater demand for   [#permalink] 17 Oct 2016, 15:23

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# Because of less availability and greater demand for

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