Because of the enormous research and development : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Because of the enormous research and development

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Intern
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Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2006, 10:59
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Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive

(B) of firms to survive

(C) for surviving

(D) for survival

(E) for firmsâ€™ survival

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26 Apr 2006, 17:05
To survive is correct so eliminate C, D, and E
"required of whom" to survive? The firms. B is right and clear
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26 Apr 2006, 21:32
Agree with TeHCM. Also, this is a modifier SC split by a phrase.

(B)
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26 Apr 2006, 23:16
A,C and D are all out --> all result in 'such firms' at the end of the sentence to have nothing to point to. "such firms'... what type of firms?? We need something to indicate that the firms that are being referred to are those who can pay for the R&D costs.

E is out --> passive is not preferred

B is okay. 'Required of' is idiomatic
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27 Apr 2006, 20:17
aliasvm wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive

(B) of firms to survive

(C) for surviving

(D) for survival

(E) for firmsâ€™ survival

I'll go with B, since the subject is missing. We don't know survival of whom. B corrects that. Although E indicates a subject, its idiomatic (if thats a word) is wrong, it should be to survive. Correct me if I am wrong, plz.
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27 Apr 2006, 20:57
Will go with B. The last line mentions such firms. To survive doesnot specifically say who needs to survive. Hence â€œof firms to surviveâ€
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27 Apr 2006, 21:03
aliasvm wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive

(B) of firms to survive

(C) for surviving

(D) for survival

(E) for firmsâ€™ survival

This is a SC from OG 10 as i remember.
...require of something/ somebody to do sth is idiomatic. Thus, B it is.
Re: SC - R&D   [#permalink] 27 Apr 2006, 21:03
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