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# Because of the enormous research and development

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Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Dec 2007
Posts: 449
Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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06 Apr 2008, 01:15
1
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Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

83% (01:26) correct 17% (00:57) wrong based on 28 sessions

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Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.
(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms’ survival

Can anyone provide an explaination for the OA ( B) .
Senior Manager
Joined: 27 Mar 2007
Posts: 329

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06 Apr 2008, 03:35
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

You need a subject/object that refers to 'such firms' in the last part of the sentence! B (to require of X to Y) is the correct idiomatic expression.

Please do not post OA to the question! This might distort the explanations given by clubber!
Cheers
Director
Joined: 14 Oct 2007
Posts: 753
Location: Oxford
Schools: Oxford'10

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06 Apr 2008, 03:40
the phrase "such firms" means that firms need to be the subject of the sentence. the sentence as presented here doesn't contain this subject.

Nihit wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.
(A) to survive the subject is missing
(B) of firms to survive correct use of the subject Firms.
(C) for surviving the subject is missing
(D) for survival the subject is missing
(E) for firms’ survival the subject is firms, using firms' make this a possessive which does not agree with the modifying phrase

Can anyone provide an explaination for the OA ( B) .
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Dec 2007
Posts: 449

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06 Apr 2008, 07:03
Thanks a ton guys
Manager
Joined: 14 Mar 2008
Posts: 131

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10 Apr 2008, 14:55
I thought require of X to Y is unidiomatic. MGMAT only states 1) require that 2) require X to Y.

What is the source of this question? I disagree with the OA

catgmat wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

You need a subject/object that refers to 'such firms' in the last part of the sentence! B (to require of X to Y) is the correct idiomatic expression.

Please do not post OA to the question! This might distort the explanations given by clubber!
Cheers
Senior Manager
Joined: 02 Dec 2007
Posts: 449

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12 Apr 2008, 06:13
source is SC 1000 , I checked other forums for the answer as well.
Intern
Joined: 08 Apr 2008
Posts: 45

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12 Apr 2008, 21:14
the phrase "such firms" means that firms need to be the subject of the sentence. the sentence as presented here doesn't contain this subject.

Nihit wrote:
Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.
(A) to survive the subject is missing
(B) of firms to survive correct use of the subject Firms.
(C) for surviving the subject is missing
(D) for survival the subject is missing
(E) for firms’ survival the subject is firms, using firms' make this a possessive which does not agree with the modifying phrase

Can anyone provide an explaination for the OA ( B) .

"Such firms" is the subject of the sentence, you mean that it doesnt contain the object of the sentence (firms)
Re: 1000SC   [#permalink] 12 Apr 2008, 21:14
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