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# Because of the enormous research and development

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Intern
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Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2009, 04:14
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63% (01:42) correct 38% (00:45) wrong based on 39 sessions

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55. Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms’ survival
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Re: Use of Idiom Require [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2009, 05:17
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IMO B

more than the idiom, what we have to note here is, the latter part of the sentence after comma "such firms", so firms has to be mentioned before, this rules out A, C and D, between B and E, E has possesive poison, moreover "required of" is the correct usuage, so B wins, FYI it is an OG 10 pblm. no: 181
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Re: Use of Idiom Require [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2009, 04:36
i think its E....plz post the QA fast
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Re: Use of Idiom Require [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2009, 16:35
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peeyushyadav wrote:
i think its E....plz post the QA fast

Did you read my previous post, it is an OG 10 pblm. no: 181, the OA is B
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Re: Use of Idiom Require [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2010, 08:48
B for me as well. The use of "such firms" tells us that firms needs to be mentioned somewhere before this. Choice E is out because it does not mention firms; it mentions firm's survival.
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Re: Use of Idiom Require [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2010, 11:10
sreehari1250 wrote:
55. Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms’ survival

My take is E.

Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required for firms’ survival in the electronics industry | ..... | such firms ....
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Re: Use of Idiom Require [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2010, 00:35
Required of is the correct idiom here...iam also with B
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Re: Use of Idiom Require [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2010, 03:15
My ans is B for 2 reasons
1. Require +to
2. Such firms implies that there is preceding "firms" word & without "firms", the sentence seems to be vague -->who is required.
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Re: Use of Idiom Require [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2010, 01:38
Hi,

Knew that B is the OA. But according to Manhattan SC (4th edition page 165), a usage such as "she REQUIRES OF her friend TO DO work" is incorrect. That means, the OA "B" is not correct??
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Re: Use of Idiom Require [#permalink]

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28 Mar 2010, 05:45
Good call lys. I am pondering on the same point as well.
Wish someone can clear this up
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Re: Use of Idiom Require [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2010, 11:15
If B were required out of firm the obvious choice is B.

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Re: Use of Idiom Require [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2010, 14:39
Don;t know, whether the following explanations help in understanding why E is wrong:

it seems to be a case of active/passive voice.

B "required of firms" we make it clear that firms need to arrange their expenditures to survive
E "required for firms" its clear that money is required FOR firms, but who is responsible for arranging that ?
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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18 Oct 2013, 12:52
sreehari1250 wrote:
55. Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms’ survival

OA please? My pick wsa D but I wasn't quite sure aboute it.
Let us know please, and OE would be nice too

Cheers
J
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2013, 21:45
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jlgdr wrote:
sreehari1250 wrote:
55. Because of the enormous research and development expenditures required to survive in the electronics industry, an industry marked by rapid innovation and volatile demand, such firms tend to be very large.

(A) to survive
(B) of firms to survive
(C) for surviving
(D) for survival
(E) for firms’ survival

OA please? My pick wsa D but I wasn't quite sure aboute it.
Let us know please, and OE would be nice too

Cheers
J

OA is B and here is the OE. It is a question from the OG 10th edition.

Official answer Official Guide 10 -

The subject of the main clause (such firms) presumes a prior reference to the firms in question. Furthermore,
the logical subject of to survive and the logical complement of required should be made explicit. All three
demands are met by B, the best choice. Choices A, C, and D, with no reference to the firms in question, meet
none of these demands. In choice E, the illogical and awkward use of a prepositional phrase (for firms' survival)
buries the needed initial reference to firms in a possessive modifier.

Hope this helps.
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2013, 10:24
it seems that we learn the new thing from og questions.\

require st of sb
is idiom

now we have

st is required of sb to do st

this is new idiom which is not in the grammar books but which appear in this og question. we have to learn this idiom

hard one
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2013, 09:00
from Oxfored advanced learner's dictionary we have following pattern

require something of somebody

now we learn a new pattern

something is required of sombody to do something.

this pattern is not in the dictionary but in here, in og question.
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Re: Because of the enormous research and development   [#permalink] 15 Dec 2013, 09:00
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# Because of the enormous research and development

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