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# Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon,

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Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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19 May 2013, 13:51
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Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.

(A) Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.

(B) The Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, is also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.

(C) The Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky because the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, and also 400 times farther away from Earth.

(D) Four hundred times larger than the Moon and 400 times farther away from Earth, the Sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon's.

(E) Four hundred times larger than the Moon and also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun in the sky has the same apparent size as the Moon.

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Can someone please answer this question and provide detailed explanation.I am not satisfied with the explanation provided by GMAT Prep question pack.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by hazelnut on 07 May 2017, 06:58, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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19 May 2013, 19:11
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Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.

The mystery of this thread can be unraveled by going through the motions of sentence syntax and one of the general roles of coordinated conjunctions in sentence formation.

A. Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky. ---- This is a simple sentence introduced by the prepositional modifier ‘because of”. Please note a coordinated conjunction such as ‘so’ can connect equal and parallel items on either side of it. Thus one can connect tow ICs but not a modifier and an IC, as done in this case. Wrong

B. The Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, is also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky. --- This is the kind of conjugation a coordinated conjunction is capable; ignoring the modifying relative clause for the time being, you will find that the connector ‘so’ connects to ICs. Correct choice

C. The Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky because the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, and also 400 times farther away from Earth. --- The subordinate clause starting with ‘“because the Sun,” has no tangible verb for the subject the Sun and hence is a fragment. Wrong (This answers what is wrong with C)

D. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and 400 times farther away from Earth, the Sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon's.—The Sun per se is being compared with the moon’s something; may be the intention is to compare the moon’s size but still it is a wrong comparison

E. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun in the sky has the same apparent size as the Moon. --- A coordinated conjunction cannot connect a modifier as done in this case. Wrong
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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2016, 06:00
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warriorguy wrote:
Sorry. I wanted to highlight "also". Sun is 400 times ---- OK

Sun is also 400 times - seems awkward.

Hi! what you've done is to ignore the non-essential (which is 400 times larger than the Moon). Hence, also seems awkward to you.

The thing is that non-essential can be ignored to expose the core of the sentence and is largely useful for determining the subject-verb agreement. Ignoring the non-essential does not mean that the rest of the sentence would make complete sense (after all, the non-essential was there for a reason).

Another similar Officially correct question:

Bluegross musician Bill Monroe, whose repertory, views on musical collaboration, and vocal style influenced generations of bluegrass artists, also inspired many musicians, including Elvis Presley and Jerry Garcia, whose music differed significantly from his own.

Again, if we remove the non-essential (whose repertory, views .... bluegrass artists), the sentence that remains is:

Bluegross musician Bill Monroe also inspired many musicians, including Elvis Presley and Jerry Garcia, whose music differed significantly from his own.

Again, an also might look out of place to you, but is perfectly valid.
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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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07 May 2017, 12:29
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ziyuen,
Quote:
GMATNinja Could you help to explain why (D) is incorrect?

Quote:
(D) Four hundred times larger than the Moon and 400 times farther away from Earth, the Sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon's.

The problem lies in the second part of the sentence: "...the Sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon's." - as the moon's what? The sentence would have been clearer and more parallel if, instead of using the possessive ("Moon's"), it had said, "...the Sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon has."
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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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20 May 2013, 05:53
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arkle wrote:
@Subash I looked at that explanation and after that only I posted this question here.That thread has no explanation for C,D,E options.I am very much interested in Why option C is wrong.Thanks!

C: Couple of issues:
1. The last and is not matching with anything. The structure seems to be: …because the sun…and also 400 times..!! sun and 400 times clearly have no correlation
2. Perhaps if his last and was to be replaced with is, C might have been an option worth consideration.

D: Phenomenal meaning issue. The original sentence is clearly intended to convey that the reason why the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky is because sun is 400 times farther away from Earth. In D, this causal relationship is not coming out at all.

E: Illogically comparing the size of a planetary body (sun) with another planetary body (moon). That is illogical comparison. We can compare size with size; we can compare a planetary body with another planetary body; but we can’t just mix and match.
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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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20 May 2013, 16:52
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arkle wrote:
Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.

A. Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.
B. The Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, is also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.
C. The Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky because the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, and also 400 times farther away from Earth.
D. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and 400 times farther away from Earth, the Sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon's.
E. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun in the sky has the same apparent size as the Moon.

Can someone please answer this question and provide detailed explanation.I am not satisfied with the explanation provided by GMAT Prep question pack.

It's a hidden comparison question. A,B and E are clearly out because of misplacement of modifiers. Now, i between D and B, B wins because in D Moon is in possessive form and the sentence compares the apparent size of Sun with the Moon's size. Incorrect.

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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2014, 10:07
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Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.

A. Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky. - No clause after "Because of the Sun"

B. The Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, is also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.

C. The Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky because the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, and also 400 times farther away from Earth.
because the Sun and also doesn't make sense.

D. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and 400 times farther away from Earth, the Sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon's.
The Sun is the subject. So the comparison comes as The Sun, as the Moon's, has the same apparent size.
Which is wrong because of two issues:
1) as requires a clause. Moon's X is still a noun.
2) Moon's what?

Normally we can say the size of the Sun is same as that of Moon
or we can say the size of the Sun is same compared to Moon's
Here Sun is not the subject but the Size is the subject. Comparison is perfect.

E. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun in the sky has the same apparent size as the Moon.
We need a cause and effect. We require as at the front of the 1st clause. As X so Y
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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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14 Jul 2016, 10:56
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Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.

A. Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky. - Incorrect: "Because of" needs a result clause.
B. The Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, is also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky. - Correct
C. The Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky because the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, and also 400 times farther away from Earth.
D. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and 400 times farther away from Earth, the Sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon's. Incorrect - Improper Comparison
E. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun in the sky has the same apparent size as the Moon. Incorrect - "Sun in the sky is compared" with "Moon"
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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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19 May 2013, 16:13
The correct answer is B. You can see the detailed explanations here:

because-of-the-sun-which-is-400-times-larger-than-the-moon-132921.html?fl=similar
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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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19 May 2013, 16:38
@Subash I looked at that explanation and after that only I posted this question here.That thread has no explanation for C,D,E options.I am very much interested in Why option C is wrong.Thanks!

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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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20 May 2013, 08:30
I got confused between B and D and finally went in for D coz funnily I found it to make better sense

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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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20 May 2013, 11:36
Thanks guys much appreciated. I checked the usual GMAT pitfalls of "which" should modify the nearest noun "the sun".In the process totally ignored "Because" which precedes "the sun".

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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2014, 10:37
Since I was confused between (B) and (D), I want to clear below query.

B. The Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, is also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.
D. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and 400 times farther away from Earth, the Sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon's.

As mentioned by Ashish, option (D) is wrong because it doesn't maintain the causal relationship per the sentence.

As mentioned by OE, option (D) is wrong because the possessive form of moon i.e. Moon's introduces ambiguity.

In my opinion also, option (D) shouldn't be wrong for the ambiguity as mentioned in OE, but it should be wrong as mentioned by Ashish.

So, my query...

Is using possessive form of a noun for comparison always wrong on GMAT?
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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2014, 23:12
Just to add on to daagh's explanation.

In the given sentence...

The sun and the moon have the same apparent size in the sky -> Main clause
and the other part is the dependent or subordinate clause.

If the Main clause is followed by a subordinate cluase, we have to use a period, a semicolon or one of the following coordinating conjunction.

For
And
Nor
But
Or
Yet
So

And these coordinating conjunction should be followed by a comma.

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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2014, 21:13
DesiGmat wrote:
If the Main clause is followed by a subordinate cluase, we have to use a period, a semicolon or one of the following coordinating conjunction.

Perhaps you meant to say: If the Main clause is followed by another main clause

DesiGmat wrote:
And these coordinating conjunction should be followed by a comma.

Perhaps you meant to say: And these coordinating conjunction should be preceded by a comma
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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2014, 21:26
arkle wrote:
@Subash I looked at that explanation and after that only I posted this question here.That thread has no explanation for C,D,E options.I am very much interested in Why option C is wrong.Thanks!

I think the first part:the subject are SUN AND EARTH,but the second part the subject is SUN which is omitted

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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2014, 00:07
troy2014 wrote:
arkle wrote:
@Subash I looked at that explanation and after that only I posted this question here.That thread has no explanation for C,D,E options.I am very much interested in Why option C is wrong.Thanks!

I think the first part:the subject are SUN AND EARTH,but the second part the subject is SUN which is omitted

HELLO GUYS..

IMO B is correct..

I TOOK 3 MINS TO ANSWER..as per firsrt sentence,if observed carefully,it says

although sun is 400 timer larger than sun,its also 400 times away from the sun and hence they both look the same..

option D is gramatically correct but doesnt appropriately specify this meaning..

option B,though a bit awkward,is gramatically correct as 2 indep. clauses are joined by SO which is among the fanboys and provides the intended meaning..

HOPE IT HELPS
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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2014, 10:33
My reasoning:
A: Wrong; sentence doesn't make sense when "which...Moon" is removed.
C: Wrong; "also...Earth" is a fragment
E: Wrong; misplaced modifier "Four...Earth"
D: Wrong; Sun should be compared to "Moon" not the "Moon's size"
B: Correct; "so" implies "therefore".

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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2016, 20:15
arkle wrote:
Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.

A. Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, but also 400 times farther away from Earth, so both the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.
B. The Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, is also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.
C. The Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky because the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon, and also 400 times farther away from Earth.
D. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and 400 times farther away from Earth, the Sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon's.
E. Four hundred times larger than the Moon and also 400 times farther away from Earth, so the Sun in the sky has the same apparent size as the Moon.

Can someone please answer this question and provide detailed explanation.I am not satisfied with the explanation provided by GMAT Prep question pack.

let's understand the meaning of the sentence first:
The Sun and the Moon have the same apparent size in the sky.
we are told that Sun is 400 times larger than the Moon, but it is also 400 times farther away from the Earth. Because of the great distance, the sun and the moon appear of the same size.

Let's analyze the errors in the original:
Because X, which is smth, but also smth else + comma + SO
we start with a subordinate clause; thus, we do not need to connect it with SO to the independent clause.
Moreover, because OF THE SUN - suspicious.

let's get to the POE:

A. incorrect as discussed
B. The sun, which smth else, IS smth smth + comma + so..ok so we have 2 IC connected properly, that is fine. don't see any apparent mistakes in this answer choice, but let's check the other answers just to make sure.
C. The S and M have the same apparent size because the SUN, modifier, and also... - we have a subordinate clause starting with BECAUSE - we need a Subject and we need a verb for the subject. here, we do not have any verbs. C is incorrect.
D. what a perfectly designed trap here! priceless. Long noun modifier describing the sun, then we have the subject, then verb then comparison but wait - moon's is written in possessive. the meaning here is: The sun has the same apparent size in the sky as the Moon's apparent size. see how the meaning is now slightly changed?
E. and also - redundant; long modifier+SO -> no, we need the subject right after the modifier.

by POE, we can see that B is the best.

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Re: Because of the Sun, which is 400 times larger than the Moon,   [#permalink] 10 Feb 2016, 20:15

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