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Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of

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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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23 Jul 2010, 03:27
Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

(A) Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.
Didn't see any problem with it, hold it still.

(B) Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component in municipal trash, many municipalities tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal is reduced.
the word "in" as a preposition here is NOT idiomatic.
and I think the ''is'' in "cost of trash disposal is reduced" should be ''will be''
and ''so that'' sounds redudant here.

(C) Because paper of all kinds are the biggest single components of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried to recycle to reduce the cost of trash disposal.
Simple gramatical error.

(D) All kinds of paper are the biggest single components of municipal trash, and so many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.
The subject should be "paper", not "all kinds"
''and so'' is redundant and incorrect here.

(E) All kinds of paper is the biggest single component of municipal trash, so many municipalities have tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal could be reduced.
Same reason as the last one, plus the incosistent usage of "kinds" and "is" and ''have'' and ''coule be''

My choice is A
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2010, 11:57
For those of you who questioned the authenticity of the answer - this question is from GMAT's Paper based Test and the official answer is A.
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2010, 12:03
divyakatas wrote:
Paper of all kinds is singular. since of is a middleman as given in manhattan Gmat prep

It is similar to "the building of tall skyscrappers is" not are

This is pretty much the same reasoning i used to choose A
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2010, 12:12
I chose A. Considered C... but it reads "paper...are" which makes no sense. 'of all kinds' could be removed, and the subject and verb should agree.

Also, 'tried to recycle' does not have the exact meaning as 'tried recycling'--- at least IMO.
*tried to recycle suggests: attempted to recycle
*tried recycling suggests: turned to recycling (as a method).

Not sure if this makes sense, but that was my reasoning.
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27 Jul 2011, 16:51
ramana wrote:
Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

(A) Because [paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of municipal trash], [many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal].

Because [x], [y]

[x] has subject-verb and [y] has sub-verb

(B) Because [paper of all kinds is the biggest single component in municipal trash], [many municipalities tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal is reduced.]
[y] -> No subject : What did they recycle ?

(C) Because paper of all kinds are the biggest single components of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried to recycle to reduce the cost of trash disposal.
[y] -> No subject : What did they recycle ?[/color]

(D) All kinds of paper are the biggest single components of municipal trash, and so many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.
All kinds of paper --> Wrong idiom here --> It should be "Paper of all kinds"
Cause-Effect not expressed correctly
(E) All kinds of paper is the biggest single component of municipal trash, so many municipalities have tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal could be reduced.
All kinds of paper --> Wrong idiom here --> It should be "Paper of all kinds"
Cause-Effect not expressed correctly

There is a cause-effect relationship between
"paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of municipal trash" - Cause
and
"many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal" - Effect

So the best way if Cause leads to effect in active voice
Go with A - explanations inline.

Let me know if the explanations do not make sense.
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2011, 04:42
D and E are eliminated because the subject is "paper" and NOT "the kind".

C "paper of all kinds are" incorrect because paper -singular and we need IS not ARE.

B i eliminated B because only in one of five answer choices we see "component in", so i diceded that this is incorrect one. Because if this is correct it would be very strange.

So i stayed with A

ramana wrote:
Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

(A) Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

(B) Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component in municipal trash, many municipalities tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal is reduced.

(C) Because paper of all kinds are the biggest single components of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried to recycle to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

(D) All kinds of paper are the biggest single components of municipal trash, and so many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

(E) All kinds of paper is the biggest single component of municipal trash, so many municipalities have tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal could be reduced.

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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2011, 09:00
"paper of all kinds" is singular
"component of" is the correct idiom

+ 1 A
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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07 Dec 2011, 10:20
+1 A
Paper + prepositional phrase( of .......) Singular thus takes singular verb IS
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2016, 12:42
A is correct.

Paper of all kinds is one component & it is singular --> first split

component of is correct --> second split
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2016, 03:16
RGM wrote:
My take:

A - Correct: "paper of all kinds IS" used the right verb, second clause is concise.
B - Same right verb use but second clause is unnecessarily wordy.
C - "paper of all kinds ARE" is incorrect
D - "All kinds of paper ARE" is correct but "and so" is unidiomatic
E - "All kinds of paper IS" is incorrect

Does 'Single components" correct expression? I think No.
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2017, 00:37
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2018, 03:11
(A) Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal. --- Best choice.

(B) Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component in municipal trash, many municipalities tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal is reduced. -- Correct Sv pair, 'component in' is wrong. Also using past tense changed the meaning of it.

(C) Because paper of all kinds are the biggest single components in municipal trash, many municipalities have tried to recycle to reduce the cost of trash disposal. --- Sv problem, paper with 'are'

(D) All kinds of paper are the biggest single components of municipal trash, and so many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal. --- Correct SV pair. 'and so' feeling off now.

(E) All kinds of paper is the biggest single component of municipal trash, so many municipalities have tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal could be reduced. --- Sv problem, kinds with 'is'
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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10 Aug 2018, 18:11
Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

Quote:
(A) Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal
.

Quote:
(B) Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component in municipal trash, many municipalities tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal is reduced.

Wordy

Quote:
(C) Because paper of all kinds are the biggest single components in municipal trash, many municipalities have tried to recycle to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

Paper are the biggest single components-- Singular Subject, Plural verb--Wrong

Quote:
(D) All kinds of paper are the biggest single components of municipal trash, and so many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

All kinds are the single components---Kinds cannot be components

Quote:
(E) All kinds of paper is the biggest single component of municipal trash, so many municipalities have tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal could be reduced.

All kinds are the single components---Kinds cannot be components
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2019, 04:00
(A) Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of municipal trash, many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

(B) Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component in municipal trash, many municipalities tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal is reduced.
Had a harder time with B, but I eliminated because "tried to recycle so that" really is an inefficient way of saying "tried to recycle to reduce the cost of trash disposal", which is actually in A

SV Agreement issues- Don't get fooled by the "all kinds" contained in the preposition.
(C) Because paper of all kinds are the biggest single components in municipal trash, many municipalities have tried to recycle to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

(D) All kinds of paper are the biggest single components of municipal trash, and so many municipalities have tried recycling to reduce the cost of trash disposal.

E then changes the subject to "All kinds", plural, but still uses a singular "is"
(E) All kinds of paper is the biggest single component of municipal trash, so many municipalities have tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal could be reduced.
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2019, 06:47
I have a doubt here about "All kinds of paper is".

When we use S-A-N-A-M words, the verb depends on object of SANAM word.
Such as
All of information is...
or
All of information are ...

According to your explaination, All kinds of paper are....is correct.

chetan2u wrote:
A should be correct... and reason for E not being correct- 'All kinds of paper is the biggest single component of municipal trash, so many municipalities have tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal could be reduced.'
all kinds require a plural verb 'are'...usage of 'so' at two places does not serve any purpose...moreover 2nd half of sentence is wordy with words like 'could' etc
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Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2019, 08:25
1
gvij2017 wrote:
I have a doubt here about "All kinds of paper is".

When we use S-A-N-A-M words, the verb depends on object of SANAM word.
Such as
All of information is...
or
All of information are ...

According to your explaination, All kinds of paper are....is correct.

chetan2u wrote:
A should be correct... and reason for E not being correct- 'All kinds of paper is the biggest single component of municipal trash, so many municipalities have tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal could be reduced.'
all kinds require a plural verb 'are'...usage of 'so' at two places does not serve any purpose...moreover 2nd half of sentence is wordy with words like 'could' etc

You're getting confused between two constructions: "S-A-N-A-M noun/noun phrase verb" and "S-A-N-A-M of noun/noun phrase verb".

In the second case, the noun directly following the "of" directly after the "all" or other S-A-N-A-M word should determine the number of the verb. So all of the following examples are correct: "All of the paper is", "All of the kinds are", "All of the kinds of paper are" — note in the last example with the noun phrase "kinds of paper" how we skip over the prepositional phrase "of paper" describing "kinds". A similar correct example: "All of the paper of different kinds is".

However, we don't have an "of" directly after "all" in this example. This means we're dealing with the first case. In the first case, the noun directly following the "all" or other S-A-N-A-M word should determine the number of the verb. So all of the following examples are correct: "All paper is", "All kinds are", "All kinds of paper are" — note again in the last example with the noun phrase "kinds of paper" how we skip over the prepositional phrase "of paper" describing "kinds". A similar correct example: "All paper of different kinds is".

Moral of the story, pay attention to what your prepositions (like "of") are doing — are they describing your S-A-N-A-M word, or are they describing another noun and thus don't matter to the construction?
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2019, 08:52
Thanks for the detailed explanation!

VeritasPrepErika wrote:
gvij2017 wrote:
I have a doubt here about "All kinds of paper is".

When we use S-A-N-A-M words, the verb depends on object of SANAM word.
Such as
All of information is...
or
All of information are ...

According to your explaination, All kinds of paper are....is correct.

chetan2u wrote:
A should be correct... and reason for E not being correct- 'All kinds of paper is the biggest single component of municipal trash, so many municipalities have tried to recycle so that the cost of trash disposal could be reduced.'
all kinds require a plural verb 'are'...usage of 'so' at two places does not serve any purpose...moreover 2nd half of sentence is wordy with words like 'could' etc

You're getting confused between two constructions: "S-A-N-A-M noun/noun phrase verb" and "S-A-N-A-M of noun/noun phrase verb".

In the second case, the noun directly following the "of" directly after the "all" or other S-A-N-A-M word should determine the number of the verb. So all of the following examples are correct: "All of the paper is", "All of the kinds are", "All of the kinds of paper are" — note in the last example with the noun phrase "kinds of paper" how we skip over the prepositional phrase "of paper" describing "kinds". A similar correct example: "All of the paper of different kinds is".

However, we don't have an "of" directly after "all" in this example. This means we're dealing with the first case. In the first case, the noun directly following the "all" or other S-A-N-A-M word should determine the number of the verb. So all of the following examples are correct: "All paper is", "All kinds are", "All kinds of paper are" — note again in the last example with the noun phrase "kinds of paper" how we skip over the prepositional phrase "of paper" describing "kinds". A similar correct example: "All paper of different kinds is".

Moral of the story, pay attention to what your prepositions (like "of") are doing — are they describing your S-A-N-A-M word, or are they describing another noun and thus don't matter to the construction?
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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2019, 09:03
Biggest single component is poor English. It has to be single biggest component.

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Re: Because paper of all kinds is the biggest single component of   [#permalink] 12 Jul 2019, 09:03

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