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# Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus

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Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2013, 08:45
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Question Stats:

48% (02:17) correct 52% (01:38) wrong based on 402 sessions

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Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West
(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West
(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Zarrolou on 24 Apr 2013, 08:53, edited 1 time in total.
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24 Apr 2013, 08:52
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This sentence can be easily solved if we look at the not underlined part.

Because the Earth's crust is more solid there (where?) and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

Because the first part introduces a "place" using "where", the part after the comma must complete this construct.
Only D and E remains.

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
CORRECT
(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West
"100 times more area" is wrong, and this option is wordy and unclear compared to D.

Let me know if this helps
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24 Apr 2013, 10:13
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Good Question Kudos for that

CharuKapoor wrote:
Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West -> after than expecting " in the west"

(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West meaning changed ; there is no comparision with the degree of devastation. rather simpley saying one area will be devasted 100 number of times

(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of comparable magnitude occurring in the West same issue as B

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West

(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West the size is increased not the degree

Just a quick note: As we not talking about any particular area rather Areas in general usage of THE AREA is wrong ( B,C commit this error)
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Re: Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus [#permalink]

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04 May 2017, 10:13
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Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

The subtle clue is in the use of the pronoun 'it'. An earthquake in the east… that if it occurred in the west means that the very same quake in the east will have to relocate to the west to cause the damage. That is not what the passage wants to say. It is talking of quakes of comparable strength in two different geographies. That is the reason we can instantly dump choices A, B, and E.

(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West -- 'it' is wrong as explained above

(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West -- same as A; in addition, there is slip - up in the prepositional parallelism. It should be 'in the west" rather than simply 'the west'

(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of comparable magnitude occurring in the West- because we comparing an action namely devastate, we must match the verb in the first arm with a matching verb in the second arm, lest the comparison turns out between a devastation and an earthquake

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West -- This is the best choice with proper comparison and prepositional parallelism and no pronoun error

(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West-- same pronoun problem of it. The sentence is also wrong as per the construct of the second conditional. You can't use a simple future in the main clause
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Re: Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus [#permalink]

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23 May 2013, 21:57
+1 to Zarrolou , excellent explanation...

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Re: Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2014, 11:14
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus [#permalink]

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01 Dec 2014, 03:50
Zarrolou wrote:
This sentence can be easily solved if we look at the not underlined part.

Because the Earth's crust is more solid there (where?) and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

Because the first part introduces a "place" using "where", the part after the comma must complete this construct.
Only D and E remains.

(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West
CORRECT
(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West
"100 times more area" is wrong, and this option is wordy and unclear compared to D.

Let me know if this helps

kudos to you. awesome explanation, completely forgot about the "where"
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Re: Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus [#permalink]

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07 Apr 2016, 04:28
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus [#permalink]

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04 May 2017, 07:00
Bumping. Good question!!

As per the meaning, we are comparing earthquakes in the Eastern and Western part.

Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus better able to transmit shock waves, an earthquake of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West.

(A) of a given magnitude typically devastates an area 100 times greater in the eastern United States than it does in the West
(B) of a given magnitude will typically devastate 100 times the area if it occurs in the eastern United States instead of the West : Comparison of Eastern earthquake with western part itself.
(C) will typically devastate 100 times the area in the eastern United States than one of comparable magnitude occurring in the West What is One referring to? Quake or Area? Not clear. Hence, incorrect
(D) in the eastern United States will typically devastate an area 100 times greater than will a quake of comparable magnitude occurring in the West: Correct comparison. Correct answer
(E) that occurs in the eastern United States will typically devastate 100 times more area than if it occurred with comparable magnitude in the West
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Re: Because the Earth's crust is more solid there and thus   [#permalink] 04 May 2017, 07:00
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