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# Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2015, 11:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2015, 11:19
Errors in the sentence:
1. Modifier Error - The modifier "Before its...in 1947" is incorrectly modifying Britain - If we ask the question "who got independence", the answer will be India
2. Pronoun Error - The pronoun its does not have a clear referent (also because of the confusing modifier). Also it is in possessive form which should most likely have a possessive noun as a referent
3. Tense Error - "They would relinquish" is the wrong tense used here. British relinquished power in 1947 - The event happened in past and is over with (i.e. a fact). It is always good to represent facts by simple tenses --> The use of conditional tense in hence incorrect
4. Meaning Error (created by use of as) - As here seems to create a confusion while saying that the British ruled India as (a what?) - a colony (sounds strange?). This should be removed to create a clear and unambiguous meaning (The GMAT way)

Eliminating options now:
A. Lots of reasons to kick this out
B. Modifier error still exists, also the use of and creates a parallelism setting --> This changes the meaning as to say that the British ruled and than they relinquished power. Also, if the list is parallel the actions should be represented in the same tense (here they are in past perfect "had ruled" and simple past "relinquished"
C. Errors 1, 4 still exist
D. Error 4 is present
E. Corrects every error listed here

Thanks
----------------
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2015, 18:44
Can we use WHO for a non-living thing? I thought we can use WHO only for a person.

sinharavi wrote:
The following question came in one of MGMAT tests. I am not convinced to the OA. Hoping somebody can explain.

Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.
a. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
b. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
c. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
d. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
e. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2015, 20:51
Who - in this case refers to "British" (British colony, French Colony , German colony etc)
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2015, 05:42
it is the British not Britain. it refers to the british people or authority. who agree ?
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2015, 19:16
i believe there is a slight difference in meaning between D and E.
E states that India was a colony, while D states that it was ruled as a colony.
since original sentence favors "ruled as a colony", E thus must be incorrect, as it changes the meaning. Being ruled as a colony does not mean that you ARE a colony, subtle but important detail.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2015, 22:36
1
KUDOS
I am giving below the relevant portion of explanation with regard to the difference between D and E in relation to ‘India was ruled as a colony’ and ‘India had been a colony’, by Ron of MGMAT: As this topic was originated by MGMAT, their rationale weighs in, I believe.
>https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/british-india-who-t2008.html>

Quote:
Re: British India - Who
Tue Sep 15, 2009 8:07 pm

enniguy wrote: Can someone please explain why D is wrong?

"ruled as a colony" is unclear.

the gmat doesn't tolerate this sort of circumlocution. you have to say things directly.
i.e., if India WAS a colony, then you have to say that it WAS a colony.
"ruled as a colony" doesn't necessarily mean that; it could just signify that India was ruled as though it were a colony, even though it wasn't one.

analogy:

joe was a slave --> he was actually a slave.
joe was treated as a slave --> he probably wasn't a slave.

same problem in (d).

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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2016, 20:55
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2016, 09:20
I didn't think that D was technically incorrect but 'ruled as a colony by britain" is not as succinct as "a colony of the british." The idea of ruling is sort of implicit in any colonization. I eliminated D on those grounds alone, but otherwise it's a close call btw. E and D, with E as a slightly better answer choice.
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2016, 07:38
According to me - India, a country, can only be ruled by a person or community. British is the plural term used for people of Britain. E) is only correct option.

Moreover, A) and B) have misplaced modifier. C) has incorrect pronoun. Can't comment on D). India is ruled as a colony. A colony consists of people. So again, use of Britain is odd...

Kudos for me???
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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02 Mar 2017, 10:52
chetan2u wrote:
Ergenekon wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
ans E...

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power
they ' is wrong

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power
wrong modifier, britian being modified

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power
again they is incorrect for a single country

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power
ruled not reqd and which is wrong

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power
correct

I don't think "which" is wrong in D. It refers to Britain.

hi ,
let me ask you one thing . what pronoun do we use to refer to countries ?
It is generally 'she'... so we should not use 'which' as it is used for things..
'who' fits in for pronoun 'she'... but i agree it is debatable...

Did I get you right ? The pronoun for countries is "she" ??
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2017, 01:55
In option D, Britain is given---- A country is refered via which.. so its not correct.

Option E, British, which --- this construction is correct.

IMO - Option E is correct.
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2017, 20:44
Hello expert, i got the answer but i have one query

In gmat questions, i have never seen usage of "had been", am i wrong in generalizing the concept that options with had been will be wrong.
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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2017, 21:32
Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power only after a long struggle by the native people.

A. Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a colony and they would relinquish power

B. Before independence in 1947, Britain had ruled India as a colony and relinquished power

C. Before its independence in 1947, India was ruled by Britain as a colony and they relinquished power

D. Before independence in 1947, India had been ruled as a colony by Britain, which relinquished power

E. Before independence in 1947, India had been a colony of the British, who relinquished power

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Re: Revision Project: Before its independence in 1947 [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2017, 03:19
VKat wrote:
Hello expert, i got the answer but i have one query

In gmat questions, i have never seen usage of "had been", am i wrong in generalizing the concept that options with had been will be wrong.

Yes, this generalization is wrong - "had been" is the past perfect of the verb "to be".
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Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2017, 23:49
Who - in this case refers to "British" (British colony, French Colony , German colony etc)

Hi, I have a doubt in option E.
India had been a colony of the British, who....

Now a country X can be a colony of country Y, but here British refers to the people of Britain.
Re: Before its independence in 1947, Britain ruled India as a co   [#permalink] 19 Oct 2017, 23:49

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