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# Before scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth

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Manager
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Before scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2012, 08:57
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Question Stats:

51% (01:38) correct 49% (00:52) wrong based on 35 sessions

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11. Before scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth hormone, removing it painstakingly in small amounts from the pituitary glands of human cadavers.
A. scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth hormone, removing it painstakingly
C. scientist learned how to synthesize the growth hormone, it had to be painstakingly removed
D. learning how to make a synthetic growth hormone, scientists had to remove it painstakingly
E. Learning how to synthesize the growth hormone, it have to be painstakingly removed by scientists
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Doubt in practice question... [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2012, 09:00
My answer was D, though "it" was not referring to hormone but that was the best choice available
as C had the word scientist and not scientists which makes it to point to a particular scientist ?
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Re: Doubt in practice question... [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2012, 14:26
Its C for sure, why id D wrong ?

Option D: implies that scientists extracted synthetic growth hormone, not naturally occurring growth hormone, from human bodies. and which changes the original meaning.
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Re: Doubt in practice question... [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2012, 18:38
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Agree with C.

You have to also look at "make a synthetic growth hormone" vs "synthesize the growth hormone " . You cannot make a synthetic hormone; you can only synthesize it.

Hope this helps.

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Re: Doubt in practice question... [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2012, 19:01
Haha this is a classic modifier trap on the GMAT.

This makes it look like D is the answer because it looks too simple to be a DANGLING MODIFIER ANSWER. But D has a two major problems, I believe.

First: How to make synthetic growth horomone is wordy. how to synthesize is BETTER.
Second: Remove it painstakingly? What is painstakingly modifying? It should modify remove right? But it looks like its modifying IT, which in turn refers to the hormone.

Actually I feel the Second reason is more applicable to get the 3-2 split in this problem. The reason is because the first is a not a MAKE OR BREAK RULE. WORDY is just a preference.
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Re: Doubt in practice question... [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2012, 19:11
mourinhogmat1 wrote:
Haha this is a classic modifier trap on the GMAT.

Second: Remove it painstakingly? What is painstakingly modifying? It should modify remove right? But it looks like its modifying IT, which in turn refers to the hormone. .

And you were caught in the trap .

Verb modifiers (or I should say Adverbial modifiers) do not need to be adjacent to the verb they are modifying. Only noun modifiers need to be adjacent to the nouns they are modifying .

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Re: Doubt in practice question... [#permalink]

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27 Feb 2012, 22:51
the scientists should learn how to synthesize growth hormone, not how to make synthetic growth hormone. That why choice D is incorrect.
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Re: Doubt in practice question... [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2012, 16:41
In the original sentence, "how to make a synthetic growth hormone" to make synthetic growth hormone is grammatically correct and can be used in the answer choices.
Based on our scientific knowledge, we can deduce out whether to adjust the sentence as "to synthesize growth hormone".

@shikhar, could you please confirm whether "Before" is underlined as well?
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Re: Doubt in practice question... [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2012, 19:34
Sarang wrote:
In the original sentence, "how to make a synthetic growth hormone" to make synthetic growth hormone is grammatically correct and can be used in the answer choices.
Based on our scientific knowledge, we can deduce out whether to adjust the sentence as "to synthesize growth hormone".

@shikhar, could you please confirm whether "Before" is underlined as well?

Agree with you in the original sentence, how to make synthetic growth hormone is grammatically correct, but the meaning has a problem. So, that why choice D is incorrect.
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Re: Doubt in practice question...   [#permalink] 28 Feb 2012, 19:34
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