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# Before scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth

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Before scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2010, 19:09
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11. Before scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth hormone, removing it painstakingly in small amounts from the pituitary glands of human cadavers.

A. scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth hormone, removing it painstakingly
B. scientists had learned about making a synthetic growth hormone, they had to remove it painstakingly
C. scientists learned how to synthesize the growth hormone, it had to be painstakingly removed
D. learning how to make a synthetic growth hormone, scientists had to remove it painstakingly
E. Learning how to synthesize the growth hormone, it have to be painstakingly removed by scientists

Between C and E - which one is correct , please provide proper explanation
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Last edited by ichha148 on 16 Jan 2010, 20:43, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: synthetic growth harmone [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2010, 20:42
Answer is D IMO. In C, scientist should be plural. In E, 'it have' is not correct.

OA?
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Re: synthetic growth harmone [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2010, 10:03
I pick C. For D, the sentence implies that scientists extracted synthetic growth hormone, not naturally occurring growth hormone, from human bodies. This, I think, changes the meaning.

The only thing strange about C is the word "the" preceding "growth hormone." I suppose that if the sentence is referring to a specific growth hormone, then it's okay.

But isn't "scientists" plural in C? Maybe it was edited later.
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Re: synthetic growth harmone [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2010, 14:38
you are correct , synthetic can not be used as something synthetic can not be extracted from humans

also , after reading question , i understand that E is wrong because E uses have instead of had

OA:C
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Re: synthetic growth harmone [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2010, 21:16
i voted for D as well... but u do have a point.. that it alters the meaning.. scientists cant extract synthetic growth hormone..

what is the real answer? pls post.
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Re: synthetic growth harmone [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2010, 10:23
bmillan01 wrote:
I pick C. For D, the sentence implies that scientists extracted synthetic growth hormone, not naturally occurring growth hormone, from human bodies. This, I think, changes the meaning.

The only thing strange about C is the word "the" preceding "growth hormone." I suppose that if the sentence is referring to a specific growth hormone, then it's okay.

But isn't "scientists" plural in C? Maybe it was edited later.

Yep, looks like it was edited. Now C makes sense.
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Re: synthetic growth harmone [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2011, 03:22
IMO :C, Earlier I picked B but after understanding the mearning of synthetic and synthesize, I picked C

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Re: synthetic growth harmone [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2011, 16:33
I picked C....meaning is clearer.
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Re: synthetic growth harmone [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2011, 06:13
I agree with 'C'.

A,B and D are out for redundancy. E has messed up tenses.
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Re: synthetic growth harmone [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2011, 08:37
IMO C

A,B,D can be ruled out because it uses the term "A synthetic growth hormone " and uses "it " later on , implying that the synthetic growth hormone had to be extracted , which makes no sense .

E - The tense is wrong .

Only C brings out the meaning clearly
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Re: synthetic growth harmone [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2011, 02:33
ichha148 wrote:
11. Before scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth hormone, removing it painstakingly in small amounts from the pituitary glands of human cadavers.

A. scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth hormone, removing it painstakingly
B. scientists had learned about making a synthetic growth hormone, they had to remove it painstakingly
C. scientists learned how to synthesize the growth hormone, it had to be painstakingly removed
D. learning how to make a synthetic growth hormone, scientists had to remove it painstakingly
E. Learning how to synthesize the growth hormone, it have to be painstakingly removed by scientists

Between C and E - which one is correct , please provide proper explanation

IMO D. Present participle modifier issue here. D correctly addresses is it by placing "scientists" at the beginning of 2nd clause.

C- no clear referent for pronoun "it"
B- learned about making is awkward.
A- no clear referent for pronoun "it"
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Re: synthetic growth harmone [#permalink]

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29 Oct 2011, 02:35
immaculatesahai wrote:
ichha148 wrote:
11. Before scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth hormone, removing it painstakingly in small amounts from the pituitary glands of human cadavers.

A. scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth hormone, removing it painstakingly
B. scientists had learned about making a synthetic growth hormone, they had to remove it painstakingly
C. scientists learned how to synthesize the growth hormone, it had to be painstakingly removed
D. learning how to make a synthetic growth hormone, scientists had to remove it painstakingly
E. Learning how to synthesize the growth hormone, it have to be painstakingly removed by scientists

Between C and E - which one is correct , please provide proper explanation

IMO D. Present participle modifier issue here. D correctly addresses is it by placing "scientists" at the beginning of 2nd clause.

C- no clear referent for pronoun "it"
B- learned about making is awkward.
A- no clear referent for pronoun "it"

I went through the answers and realized my above post is wrong. D is obviously incorrect because of meanining issues. C wins.
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Re: Before scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2013, 10:51
For People who are still confused between C and D , the catch here is the difference between "make a synthetic growth harmone" and " synthesize the growth hormone". So as a result , in C "it" refers to the "growth harmone". In D "it" refers to the synthetic growth harmone. So meaningwise it is wrong. Scientists cannot remove a synthetic growth harmone. Hope i did my best in understanding the context.
Re: Before scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth   [#permalink] 13 Jul 2013, 10:51
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# Before scientists learned how to make a synthetic growth

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