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# Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was

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Senior Manager
Joined: 31 May 2018
Posts: 461
Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was  [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2019, 22:38
10
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

20% (02:12) correct 80% (02:15) wrong based on 244 sessions

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Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was characterized by private contract between employers, who controlled resources, and employees, who contributed labor. The employers held the majority of the power in this relationship. As businesses grew larger, employees banded together in the form of unions in an attempt to create a greater balance of power between the two sides of the private contract. By allowing unions to survive and grow, employers are partially responsible for the current environment in which unions threaten industry by demanding prohibitively high prices for their labor.

The two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

(A) The first provides background information that is necessary for the conclusion; the second states the conclusion that is subsequently drawn.

(B) The first establishes evidence for the conclusion that is drawn in the second boldface portion.

(C) The first provides an inference that can be drawn from the passage; the second states the conclusion that is subsequently drawn.

(D) The first provides evidence that defends the position the author eventually takes; the second states the main conclusion of the passage.

(E) Each portion provides evidence for the conclusion that is presented
Director
Joined: 28 Jul 2016
Posts: 769
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Human Resources
GPA: 3.97
WE: Project Management (Investment Banking)
Re: Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2019, 00:53
Can someone explain what's wrong with D.
Also if someone can post official explanation

Posted from my mobile device
Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2017
Posts: 675
Re: Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was  [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2019, 17:38
Please explain how first bold face part is inference.
It is kind of fact or background information.
Intern
Joined: 14 Feb 2017
Posts: 5
GMAT 1: 620 Q47 V28
Re: Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was  [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2019, 23:37
2
In my opinion the answer should be A
he first provides background information that is necessary for the conclusion; the second states the conclusion that is subsequently drawn.
first bold face is a evidence or a background information,none other option is correct.
from OA it says C first bold face isn't inference(sort of conclusion)hence should be ruled out.
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Joined: 20 Sep 2019
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Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2019, 00:59
1
gvij2017 wrote:
Please explain how first bold face part is inference.
It is kind of fact or background information.

I chose B but after thought carefully again, I realize that if the first bold is excluded from the passage, we still can infer it from the sentence: "As businesses grew larger, employees banded together in the form of unions in an attempt to create a greater balance of power between the two sides of the private contract.".

In addition, option A states that "The first provides background information that is necessary for the conclusion". Is that necessary? If it is excluded from the passage, the conclusion is still properly drawn.

Likewise, Option B: "The first establishes evidence for the conclusion that is drawn in the second boldface portion". The first just provides background, all necessary evidence is implied in the following sentence.

globaldesi wrote:
Can someone explain what's wrong with D.
Also if someone can post official explanation

Posted from my mobile device

I dont think that the author takes any position here, this is simply a narration

Hope it helps.
Manager
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Re: Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was  [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2019, 07:16
hey,
Can some one please explain why choice A is not correct answer ???

Intern
Joined: 12 Oct 2018
Posts: 5
Re: Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was  [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2019, 11:34
Why not A ?, how it is an inference?
Manager
Joined: 03 Nov 2019
Posts: 53
Re: Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was  [#permalink]

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05 Dec 2019, 23:38
Confused between option A and C
I agree that first boldface information is not necessary but its not inference either its already stated there as a fact.
Manager
Joined: 19 Feb 2019
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Concentration: Marketing, Statistics
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Re: Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2019, 00:24
Can someone pls explain how option C is an inference
Intern
Joined: 13 Aug 2019
Posts: 20
Re: Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was  [#permalink]

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06 Dec 2019, 04:48
Hi
what i am missing here. How first boldface line is inference.
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Joined: 16 Dec 2018
Posts: 5
Re: Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2019, 04:22
@sridhar786 plz explain why option 'A' is not correct?

Posted from my mobile device
Re: Before the 20th century, the employer/employee relationship was   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2019, 04:22
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