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# Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town,

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Manager
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Re: Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town,  [#permalink]

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30 Apr 2013, 19:34
if there is time indicator which show the sequence clearly, both simple past and past perfect is acceptable. this rule is dictiated in most grammar books.
both a and e is correct and this questin is not good. forget it.
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Re: Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town,  [#permalink]

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23 May 2013, 03:07
if time indicators show the sequence clearly, both simple past and past perfect is acceptable.

both A and E are correct and this question is wrong.
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Re: Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town,  [#permalink]

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23 May 2013, 19:37
Yeah, this question tricked me too.

MGMAT sums it up nicely:

1. Stick to simpler tenses
2. Use past perfect to emphasize events that have direct bearing with one another, like sequences
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Re: Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town,  [#permalink]

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24 Apr 2014, 11:35
source-master-gmat-because-of-the-destruction-of-cathedral-138986.html

I was certain with usage of past perfect and simple past with before/after, but this question has made me confused.

could someone help in explaining the correct usage ?

premnath wrote:
Source: Master GMAT

Because of the destruction of cathedral treasuries during the French revolution, works of Anglo-Saxon art became scarce after the majority of the pieces find their way to France.

A. cathedral treasuries during the French revolution, works of Anglo-Saxon art became scarce after the majority of the pieces find
B. cathedral treasuries during the French revolution, works of Anglo-Saxon art became scarce after the majority of the pieces had found
C. treasuries belonging to cathedrals during the French revolution, works of Anglo-Saxon art became scarce after the majority of the pieces had found
D. cathedral treasuries during the French revolution, works of Anglo-Saxon art became scarce after the majority of the pieces are finding
E. cathedral treasuries during the French revolution, works of Anglo-Saxon art became scarce after the majority of the pieces found

OA: B - past perfect with 'after' and no specific time

angel2009 wrote:
Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town, with its sandy beaches and multiple opportunities for sports, had been one of the most popular resort destinations on the East Coast.

* has been
* was being
* was
OA: E - simple past with 'before' and no specific time

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Re: Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town,  [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2014, 07:40
http://www.englishpage.com/verbpage/pastperfect.html
Past perfect is optional but not wrong
If the Past Perfect action did occur at a specific time, the Simple Past can be used instead of the Past Perfect when "before" or "after" is used in the sentence. The words "before" and "after" actually tell you what happens first, so the Past Perfect is optional. For this reason, both sentences below are correct.

Examples:
She had visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.
She visited her Japanese relatives once in 1993 before she moved in with them in 1996.

When it is not optional
If the Past Perfect is not referring to an action at a specific time, Past Perfect is not optional. Compare the examples below. Here Past Perfect is referring to a lack of experience rather than an action at a specific time. For this reason, Simple Past cannot be used.

Examples:

She never saw a bear before she moved to Alaska. Not Correct
She had never seen a bear before she moved to Alaska. Correct

I would say it would be safer to go for past perfect tense if a sentence expresses sequence of past event. Don't get confuse with before or after.
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Re: Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town,  [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2014, 07:41
Had been is correct; OA must be A.
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Re: Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town,  [#permalink]

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25 May 2015, 08:14
angel2009 wrote:
Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town, with its sandy beaches and multiple opportunities for sports, had been one of the most popular resort destinations on the East Coast.

* has been
* was being
* was

What is the problem in A ? Because I think past perfect is necessary as by using simple past distorts the meaning

One of the most beautiful resort on the East Coast--------- > Storm---------> Destroyed Everything.

A clear picture can be drawn from the given statement - Sentence points out clearly the word before - Hence simple past tense is used , because we can clearly understand which actions / incident happened bofre something in the past.

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Re: Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town,  [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 20:47
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Before the storm destroyed much of the harbor, this town, &nbs [#permalink] 28 Nov 2017, 20:47

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