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Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in

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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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New post 10 Apr 2014, 22:58
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Being is typically not used as a modifier on the GMAT (except to denote a cause-effect relationship, but even this usage is rare). In the given question, "being" can be eliminated without changing the meaning.
"Being" can be used thus:
Being angry will not get you anywhere.
He is being treated at the X hospital.
In these sentences, you cannot remove "being" without changing the meaning or making the sentence illogical.

"Playing basketball and tired of studying, John has done good in the sport."
The modifiers are fine. "good" should be "well". ("good" is an adjective. You need the adverb "well.")
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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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TGC wrote:
My Query:

Why option (A) is nullified by saying in OE/OG:

The phrases are expressed in an illogical and potentially confusing sequence

Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee

(1).Some poster said that 'Being'and 'born' are not parallel. However, they are indeed parallel since they are -ING and -ED modifiers modifying the author. Hence , ||.

(2). The other reason given is that -ING and -ED are being stated as a cause of the FACT that 'author Bharati Mukherjee has lived in England and Canada'.

However, in my opinion it should not necessarily be the case that the starting -ING modifier should present a causation. The starting/initial ING modifier just presents the additional fact about the following clause/author.

It perfectly says :

Being a US citizen since 1988 and born in blah blah,author has lived........

Playing basketball and tired of studying, John has done good in the sport.

Please suggest


Let me explain this:

There is a difference between how we shorten the clauses with a passive verb (or any clause that has a be-from verb) and how we shorten the cluases with other active verbs. Notice this:

Because he was faced with problems, he decided to work harder. (We simply omit the be-form verb and the subordinator)
Faced with problems, he decided to work harder

Author X, who was born in India, is a successful one.
Author X, born in India, is a successful one. OR alternatively: Born in India, Author X is a successful one.

Author X, who wrote many good novels, won the Y prize.
Author X, writing many good novels, won the Y prize. OR Writing many good novels, Author X won the prize.

Here, in contrast to cases that there is a to be verb in the sentence, we have eliminated the pronoun and then have changed the verb into an -ing form.

Compare to the above example:
Author X, who was born in India, is a successful one. --> If we apply the same formula here, i.e. eliminating the pronoun and chaning the verb into ing-form we will have:
Being born in India, Author X is a successful one.
But this is not the way we shorten clauses with to be verbs.

But consider this example:
Because he is being ridiculed now, he is crying.
How can we shorten the first clause? Answer: Eliminate the auxiliary to be verb and the subordinator and leave the rest.
Being ridiculed, he is crying.

Compare with this one:
While he is often criticized, the author X shows no reaction to his ...
Often criticized, the author X shows no reaction to his ...

Another sentence:
The phones, which are being imported from country Z, are expensive. -->
Being imported from country Z, the phones are expensive
BUT:
The phones, which are imported from country Z, are expensive. -->
Imported from country Z, the phones are expensive

As you have noticed, being + past participle conveys a progressive passive voice.

Now lets' go back to our question:

Being born ..., Author X ...: means she is/was being born:: Progressive Tense does not make sense for the verb 'to be born' unless something is happenning at the moment of speaking: His child is being born. (This means that his child at the moment is being born).

being a US citizen, Author X ...: means she was/is being a united states citizen, doesn't make sense.

He, who was a US citizen, won the Y prize. --> He, a US citizen, won the Y prize. OR A US citizen, He won the Y prize.

Does this make sense?

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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2015, 07:43
x2suresh wrote:
First, I chose D . I chose C after reading the below explanation.

I found the following explantion from another forum..When I saw this question first time. I was skeptical about the usage of present perfect in option C "has lived in England and Canda" that could mean that she is living in England and Canada. Then I searched around and got this from info from a Manhattan Staff

"That is an interesting question. You are correct that the present perfect is used to discuss an event that began at some point in the past and continues to the present moment. Although I understand your interpretation that this "event" is where the author lived, the intention of the sentence is to use the entire life of the author as the "event."

For example, in my life I have lived in Boston, Atlanta, Colorado, and California. This does not mean, however, that I still live in each of these places. As my life is an ongoing event, the present perfect is an appropriate verb tense."


Can someone throw some light on this aspect of present perfect tense.
If you take whole life as an event then you can say i have lived in x,y and z even if u don't live in it now.
What does this exactly mean? Why she has is correct in this question?
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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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New post 25 Feb 2016, 07:38
ajaygmat016 wrote:
Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee has lived in England and Canada, and first came to the United States in 1961 to study at the Iowa Writers' Workshop.
(A) Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee has
(B) Having been a United States citizen since 1988, she was born in Calcutta in 1940; author Bharati Mukherjee
(C) Born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee became a United States citizen in 1988; she has
(D) Being born in Calcutta in 1940 and having been a United States citizen since 1988, author Bharati Mukherjee
(E) Having been born in Calcutta in 1940 and being a United States citizen since 1988, author Bharati Mukherjee



Hi mikemcgarry and DmitryFarber

I'm having a hard time in finding concrete reasons to reject the incorrect answer choices in this question. Many posters seem to portray the usage of 'being',' having been' as the main culprit without providing a reasonable explanation.

(A) Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee has

Many posters say that this choice is incorrect because of the:
1)" wrong chronological order of events" - IMO 'and ' puts equal weight-age to both entities along each side,hence I believe there shouldn't be an issue pertaining to the time-frame of events . Please correct me if am wrong!
2) "2 initial modifiers connect the author being a US citizen and being born in 1940 to her living in England and Canada" - noun modifiers modify the subject of the following clause, they don't have to modify the action?


(B) Having been a United States citizen since 1988, she was born in Calcutta in 1940; author Bharati Mukherjee
I agree here the chronology of events is questionable, but I would like to know whether there is an issue with the usage of modifier "Having been a United States citizen since 1988"?


(D) Being born in Calcutta in 1940 and having been a United States citizen since 1988, author Bharati Mukherjee
again what is the issue in this choice. Is there an issue with parallelism or the modifier ?

(E) Having been born in Calcutta in 1940 and being a United States citizen since 1988, author Bharati Mukherjee
what are the key issues in this choice?

Thanks in advance.

Regards,
SR

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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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New post 07 Aug 2016, 04:39
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
First, I chose D . I chose C after reading the below explanation.

I found the following explantion from another forum..When I saw this question first time. I was skeptical about the usage of present perfect in option C "has lived in England and Canda" that could mean that she is living in England and Canada. Then I searched around and got this from info from a Manhattan Staff

"That is an interesting question. You are correct that the present perfect is used to discuss an event that began at some point in the past and continues to the present moment. Although I understand your interpretation that this "event" is where the author lived, the intention of the sentence is to use the entire life of the author as the "event."

For example, in my life I have lived in Boston, Atlanta, Colorado, and California. This does not mean, however, that I still live in each of these places. As my life is an ongoing event, the present perfect is an appropriate verb tense."


Can someone throw some light on this aspect of present perfect tense.
If you take whole life as an event then you can say i have lived in x,y and z even if u don't live in it now.
What does this exactly mean? Why she has is correct in this question?


hi experts,
not getting usage of 'has' in this question.
what I know so far about 'has' is, it is used to state an action which starts in the past and continues into the present.
so by this definition 'she has lived in England and Canada' mean that she is still living in England and Canada.
how can one person live two countries at same time.
please help me understand the usage of 'has'.

Thanks & regards,
Sunil01

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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2016, 01:49
Sunil01 wrote:
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
First, I chose D . I chose C after reading the below explanation.

I found the following explantion from another forum..When I saw this question first time. I was skeptical about the usage of present perfect in option C "has lived in England and Canda" that could mean that she is living in England and Canada. Then I searched around and got this from info from a Manhattan Staff

"That is an interesting question. You are correct that the present perfect is used to discuss an event that began at some point in the past and continues to the present moment. Although I understand your interpretation that this "event" is where the author lived, the intention of the sentence is to use the entire life of the author as the "event."

For example, in my life I have lived in Boston, Atlanta, Colorado, and California. This does not mean, however, that I still live in each of these places. As my life is an ongoing event, the present perfect is an appropriate verb tense."


Can someone throw some light on this aspect of present perfect tense.
If you take whole life as an event then you can say i have lived in x,y and z even if u don't live in it now.
What does this exactly mean? Why she has is correct in this question?


hi experts,
not getting usage of 'has' in this question.
what I know so far about 'has' is, it is used to state an action which starts in the past and continues into the present.
so by this definition 'she has lived in England and Canada' mean that she is still living in England and Canada.
how can one person live two countries at same time.
please help me understand the usage of 'has'.

Thanks & regards,
Sunil01

Hi,
You may want to read this quote which is already post above, credit by Manhattan staff.

"That is an interesting question. You are correct that the present perfect is used to discuss an event that began at some point in the past and continues to the present moment. Although I understand your interpretation that this "event" is where the author lived, the intention of the sentence is to use the entire life of the author as the "event."

For example, in my life I have lived in Boston, Atlanta, Colorado, and California. This does not mean, however, that I still live in each of these places. As my life is an ongoing event, the present perfect is an appropriate verb tense."

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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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New post 18 Aug 2016, 08:05
egmat wrote:
Hi All,

Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee has lived in England and Canada, and first came to the United States in 1961 to study at the Iowa Writers' Workshop.

Image

• Author Bharati Mukherjee was born in Calcutta in 1940.
• She first came to the US in 1961 to study at the Iowa Writers’ Workshop.
• She became the US citizen in 1988.
• She has also lived in England and Canada.

Image

Error Analysis:

• The opening verb-ing modifier connects the author being a US citizen and being born in 1940 to her living in England and Canada, illogically implying that because she is a US citizen and because she was born in 1940, she lived in Eng and Canada and she first came to US to study in 1961. Modifier error.
o Being a singer and not being an actress, Jennifer Lopez shot to instant fame.
o Even though the OG sentence is grammatically correct, it’s not logical. So when we read a sentence, we should make sure it communicates logical meaning.

POE:

Choice A: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee has: Incorrect for the reason stated above.

Choice B: Having been a United States citizen since 1988, she was born in Calcutta in 1940; author Bharati Mukherjee: Incorrect.
a. “having been…” now suggests that the author got over with being the US citizen since 1988 and then she took birth in 1940. This is absolutely illogical.
b. The first IC has just the pronoun “she”. The antecedent is actually introduced in the second IC.

Choice C: Born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee became a United States citizen in 1988; she has: Correct. The opening modifier correctly modifies the author. The IC after semicolon correctly gives additional information as to which other countries she has stayed in.

Choice D: Being born in Calcutta in 1940 and having been a United States citizen since 1988, author Bharati Mukherjee: Incorrect. Same modifier error as in A.

Choice E: Having been born in Calcutta in 1940 and being a United States citizen since 1988, author Bharati Mukherjee: Incorrect. Same modifier error as in A.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha

Thanks for the elaborative explanation.. very helpful indeed.

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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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in option C "has lived in England and Canda" that could mean that she is living in England and Canada. Then I searched around and got this from info from a Manhattan Staff

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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2016, 13:38
SPLIT1) "BEING BORN" OR "HAVING BEEN" IN THE BEGINNING OF THE SENTENCE IS CONFUSING AND AKWARD. SO OFF THE BAT, A,B,D AND E ARE OUT BUT BEFORE I CONFIRM LET'S SEE OTHER SPLITS.

SPLIT2) OPTION B THE PRONOUN "SHE" DOES NOT HAVE AN ANTECEDENT, IT IS NAKED! THE ANTECEDENT IS ACTUALLY IN THE SECOND INDEPENDENT CLAUSE. B IS OUT.

SPLIT3) THE MODIFIER IN A AND B C AND D IS WRONG. THE WORD "AUTHOR.." IS MODIFYING THE PREVIOUS CLAUSE BUT IT IS NOT LOGICAL BECAUSE IT COMPARES THE AUTHOR LIVING IN CANADA AND ENGLAND TO THE AUTHOR BEING A US CITIZEN AND BEING BORN IN CALCUTA. ILLOGICAL COMPARISONS. A,B,D AND E ARE OUT.

SPLIT4) "BEING BORN" AND "BEING A US CITIZEN" => BEING + PAST PARTICIPLE => PROGRESSIVE PASSIVE VOICE => IT MEANS SOMETHING THAT STARTED IN THE PAST AND CONTINUES TILL THE PRESENT MOMETN => THIS IS ILLOGICAL BECAUSE IT MEANS THAT THE WRITER BEING BORN AT THIS MOMENT OR BEING A US CITIZEN. A AND D ARE OUT.

SPLIT 5) "HAVING BEEN" IS PAST PARTICIPLE MEANING SOMETHING IS FINISHED IN THE PAST WHILE "BEING" IN THE SAME CLAUSE SUGGEST CONTINUATION =>CONFUSING BECAUSE WITH "HAVING BEEN" I WOULD EXPECT THE CLAUSE AFTER THE COMMA TO SAY SOMETHING LIKE "THIS IS DONE/FINISHED". I ALSO ADD THAT IT DOES NOT MAKE SENSE TO SAY "HAVING BEEN" BORN IN CALCUTA, ILLOGICAL, ARE THERE BETTER WAYS TO SAY SHE WAS BORN IN CALCUTA? THIS IS THE SIMILAR ISSUE AS WITH SPLIT4. "BEING" ADDS A LAYER OF CONFUSION BECAUSE "BEING" NEEDS THE SECOND CLAUSE TO CONFIRM THE SITUATION IS STILL TAKING PLACE NOW. AS A CONCLUSION, BECAUSE E HAS BOTH AND ENDING AND A PROGRESSIVE CONSTRUCTION, IT IS WRONG!

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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2017, 10:20
Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee has lived in England and Canada, and first came to the United States in 1961 to study at the Iowa Writers' Workshop.

Issues: Verb form | Construction

Analysis:
1. A quick glance at the sentence will tell you that the organization of chronological events in the sentence is bit confusing.
2. The correct choice should establish non-confusing chronological order


(A) Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee has
- Confusing construction

(B) Having been a United States citizen since 1988, she was born in Calcutta in 1940; author Bharati Mukherjee
- Non-sensical phrase; The phrasing of the clause suggests that the author became "United States citizen" before she was born.
- "she" has no clear referent as the author has not been mentioned in first clause.


(C) Born in Calcutta in 1940, author Bharati Mukherjee became a United States citizen in 1988; she has

(D) Being born in Calcutta in 1940 and having been a United States citizen since 1988, author Bharati Mukherjee
- Incorrect verb form; Present continuous;
- Illogical construction; Being born in Calcutta and being a US citizen has no bearing on author's current situation.


(E) Having been born in Calcutta in 1940 and being a United States citizen since 1988, author Bharati Mukherjee
- Incorrect verb form; Present continuous;
- Illogical construction; Having born in Calcutta and being a US citizen has no bearing on author's current situation.


Answer: (C)

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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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Answer choice 'C' expressed logically, grammatically, and concisely in each independent clause.
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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in [#permalink]

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New post 21 Aug 2017, 22:15
'C' is correct -

OE: Being . . . since 1988 and born in Calcutta in 1940 is an awkward, wordy construction, which presents an unclear and potentially confusing chronological order. Since in the correct version of the sentence the original phrase (being …) has been made into a main clause, a semicolon should separate it from the second main clause beginning she has lived.
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Re: Being a United States citizen since 1988 and born in   [#permalink] 21 Aug 2017, 22:15

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