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# Bernand: For which language, and thus which frequency

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Director
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Bernand: For which language, and thus which frequency [#permalink]

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26 Oct 2008, 01:59
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Bernand: For which language, and thus which frequency distribution of letters and letter sequences, was the standard typewriter keyboard designed?
Cora: To ask this question, you must be making a mistaken assumption: that typing speed was to be maximized. The real danger with early typewriters was that operators would hit successive keys too quickly, thereby crashing typebars into each other, bending connecting wires and so on. So the idea was to slow the operator down by making the most common letter sequences awkward to type.
Bernand: This is surely not right! These technological limitations have long since vanished, yet the keyboard is still as it was then.

Which one of the following, if true, could be used by Cora to counter Bernard’s rejection of her explanation?

(A) Typewriters and word-processing equipment are typically sold to people who have learned to use the standard keyboard and who, therefore, demand it in equipment they buy.
(B) Typewriters have been superseded in most offices by word-processing equipment, which has inherited the standard keyboard from typewriters.
(C) The standard keyboard allows skilled operators to achiever considerable typing speeds, thought it makes acquiring such skills relatively difficult.
(D) A person who has learned one keyboard layout can readily learn to use a second one in place of the first, but only with difficulty learn to use a second one alongside the first.
(E) It is now possible to construct typewriter and word-processing equipment in which a single keyboard can accommodate two or even more different keyboard layouts, each accessible to the operator at will.
If you have any questions
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26 Oct 2008, 02:12
bigtreezl wrote:
Bernand: For which language, and thus which frequency distribution of letters and letter sequences, was the standard typewriter keyboard designed?
Cora: To ask this question, you must be making a mistaken assumption: that typing speed was to be maximized. The real danger with early typewriters was that operators would hit successive keys too quickly, thereby crashing typebars into each other, bending connecting wires and so on. So the idea was to slow the operator down by making the most common letter sequences awkward to type.
Bernand: This is surely not right! These technological limitations have long since vanished, yet the keyboard is still as it was then.

Which one of the following, if true, could be used by Cora to counter Bernard’s rejection of her explanation?

(A) Typewriters and word-processing equipment are typically sold to people who have learned to use the standard keyboard and who, therefore, demand it in equipment they buy.
(B) Typewriters have been superseded in most offices by word-processing equipment, which has inherited the standard keyboard from typewriters.
(C) The standard keyboard allows skilled operators to achiever considerable typing speeds, thought it makes acquiring such skills relatively difficult.
(D) A person who has learned one keyboard layout can readily learn to use a second one in place of the first, but only with difficulty learn to use a second one alongside the first.
(E) It is now possible to construct typewriter and word-processing equipment in which a single keyboard can accommodate two or even more different keyboard layouts, each accessible to the operator at will.

another LSAT question ??

I pick A. People have got used to the good ol standard keyboard and demand it when they buy newer equipments.

We are all lazy to learn
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26 Oct 2008, 02:14
amitdgr wrote:
bigtreezl wrote:
Bernand: For which language, and thus which frequency distribution of letters and letter sequences, was the standard typewriter keyboard designed?
Cora: To ask this question, you must be making a mistaken assumption: that typing speed was to be maximized. The real danger with early typewriters was that operators would hit successive keys too quickly, thereby crashing typebars into each other, bending connecting wires and so on. So the idea was to slow the operator down by making the most common letter sequences awkward to type.
Bernand: This is surely not right! These technological limitations have long since vanished, yet the keyboard is still as it was then.

Which one of the following, if true, could be used by Cora to counter Bernard’s rejection of her explanation?

(A) Typewriters and word-processing equipment are typically sold to people who have learned to use the standard keyboard and who, therefore, demand it in equipment they buy.
(B) Typewriters have been superseded in most offices by word-processing equipment, which has inherited the standard keyboard from typewriters.
(C) The standard keyboard allows skilled operators to achiever considerable typing speeds, thought it makes acquiring such skills relatively difficult.
(D) A person who has learned one keyboard layout can readily learn to use a second one in place of the first, but only with difficulty learn to use a second one alongside the first.
(E) It is now possible to construct typewriter and word-processing equipment in which a single keyboard can accommodate two or even more different keyboard layouts, each accessible to the operator at will.

another LSAT question ??

I pick A. People have got used to the good ol standard keyboard and demand it when they buy newer equipments.

We are all lazy to learn

you got it! I was torn between A and B, went with B. What do you see wrong with B?
Director
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26 Oct 2008, 02:20
i got it...A refutes Bernards argument better, B just makes a related statement. Late night!
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26 Oct 2008, 02:23
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I agree B is too close. But B talks only about "offices". I guess that is what makes it wrong ..

moreover, B does not explain "why do we still follow the same ol' technique when we have technologically advanced?". A does.

D,E -- these will actually undermine Cora's position.
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27 Oct 2008, 00:57
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What's with all the LSAT questions? This certainly is one. That being said, you could get one something like this on the GMAT if you get into the high difficulty bucket.

The task is to weaken Bernard's argument, and the hard part is figuring out what his assumption IS. It boils down to assuming that IF the technological limitations go away, then the keyboard WILL be rearranged for faster typing. To weaken his argument, you need to contradict or undermine this assumption. You can undermine it by providing a reason why the keyboard would NOT be rearranged even after the limitations are gone. A provides this reason, and so is the right answer.
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27 Oct 2008, 01:02
grumpyoldman wrote:
What's with all the LSAT questions? This certainly is one. That being said, you could get one something like this on the GMAT if you get into the high difficulty bucket.

The task is to weaken Bernard's argument, and the hard part is figuring out what his assumption IS. It boils down to assuming that IF the technological limitations go away, then the keyboard WILL be rearranged for faster typing. To weaken his argument, you need to contradict or undermine this assumption. You can undermine it by providing a reason why the keyboard would NOT be rearranged even after the limitations are gone. A provides this reason, and so is the right answer.

this is definitely from an official LSAT test. Is it safe to assume that the toughest GMAT CR's are similar to medium level LSAT questions?
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05 Jul 2009, 03:05
amitdgr wrote:
I agree B is too close. But B talks only about "offices". I guess that is what makes it wrong ..

moreover, B does not explain "why do we still follow the same ol' technique when we have technologically advanced?". A does.

D,E -- these will actually undermine Cora's position.

Perfect explanation. Additinoally further explanation can be found at: http://www.top-law-schools.com/forums/v ... =6&t=71651
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05 Jul 2009, 10:59
grumpyoldman wrote:
What's with all the LSAT questions? This certainly is one. That being said, you could get one something like this on the GMAT if you get into the high difficulty bucket.

The task is to weaken Bernard's argument, and the hard part is figuring out what his assumption IS. It boils down to assuming that IF the technological limitations go away, then the keyboard WILL be rearranged for faster typing. To weaken his argument, you need to contradict or undermine this assumption. You can undermine it by providing a reason why the keyboard would NOT be rearranged even after the limitations are gone. A provides this reason, and so is the right answer.

+1 for a very good explanation. Thank you!
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23 Jul 2009, 02:05
Should be A)
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13 Aug 2009, 22:29
Wow..LSAT ques are tough..!
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Re: Bernand: For which language, and thus which frequency [#permalink]

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27 Dec 2016, 23:04
grumpyoldman wrote:
What's with all the LSAT questions? This certainly is one. That being said, you could get one something like this on the GMAT if you get into the high difficulty bucket.

The task is to weaken Bernard's argument, and the hard part is figuring out what his assumption IS. It boils down to assuming that IF the technological limitations go away, then the keyboard WILL be rearranged for faster typing. To weaken his argument, you need to contradict or undermine this assumption. You can undermine it by providing a reason why the keyboard would NOT be rearranged even after the limitations are gone. A provides this reason, and so is the right answer.

neat and insighting~thx a lot~
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Re: Bernand: For which language, and thus which frequency   [#permalink] 27 Dec 2016, 23:04
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