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# Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot

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19 Jun 2010, 03:36
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Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's.
A. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does,
and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's
B. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, like exercise, and they
have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine
C. hot sauces and exercise both stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, and
they have a pain-relieving effect like morphine
D. the release of endorphins in the brain is stimulated both by hot sauces and
exercise, and they have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's
E. the release of endorphins in the brain is stimulated by hot sauces, just as with
exercise, and these have a pain-relieving effect like that of morphine

The issue I have with this sentence is that as per Manhattan SC, "these" has to go always with a noun (these bikes, these pills...), and never alone. However, according to OA that is not true..Could anybody clarify the usage of "these" (and "this").
Thanks,
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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19 Jun 2010, 09:24
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noboru wrote:
The issue I have with this sentence is that as per Manhattan SC, "these" has to go always with a noun (these bikes, these pills...), and never alone. However, according to OA that is not true..Could anybody clarify the usage of "these" (and "this").

Good question
"these" is a pronoun and plural of "this". In choice A : "these" is used as a replacement pronoun (not adjective). Pls refer to post - gmax-challenge-question-95398.html?highlight=gmax

According to MGMAT Demonstrative pronouns (This, That, These, Those) act as adjectives and need to be attached to a noun.
Ex: I like these shoes.
An exception is "That and Those" can act as a noun if they are acting as a copy of another noun--in this scenario the demonstrative pronoun must be modified to indicate how it is different from the original copy. ------> I think it means sometimes they DO NOT PHYSICALLY TOUCH
Ex: I love my shoes, but I hate those of my neighbor

I hope I make some sense
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20 Jun 2010, 06:30
These - represents HOT SAUCES and nouns is - a pain-relieving effect .
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22 Jun 2010, 12:20
I believe these is a pronoun for endorphins
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26 Jul 2010, 05:36
I have problems understanding what does morphine's refer to. Also in B, the comparision between excersise and hot sauces (using "like"), seems ok for me.
Could anybody clarify this?
thanks.
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26 Jul 2010, 08:42
Ya .. I second noboru.. Even I opted B because it used 'like' to connect Hot Sauces and Exercise .. As 'like' is used to compare nouns whereas 'as' is used to compare phrases(remember reading it in MGMAT ) shouldn't we choose B ?

Can anyone clarify on this?
Cheers,
S
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26 Jul 2010, 09:10
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Nice catch. "just as x does" is used to compare action. If I add this to your explanation then all clear.

Like is used to compare nouns
Like Tolstoy, Rousseau blah blah
Like x, y etc

Here we are comparing the action w/ action, so B is wrong. To make B correct I will have to modify the sentence little bit
B. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, like exercise, and they
have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine ---> old B
B. hot sauces, like exercise stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, and they
have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine ----------> modified B. But then "they" is ambiguous now. So I have to really work hard to fix B.

Hope I make some sense!

sridhar wrote:
Ya .. I second noboru.. Even I opted B because it used 'like' to connect Hot Sauces and Exercise .. As 'like' is used to compare nouns whereas 'as' is used to compare phrases(remember reading it in MGMAT ) shouldn't we choose B ?

Can anyone clarify on this?
Cheers,
S

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28 Jul 2010, 23:41
Went with B ..........only because "they" looked more convincing to me than "these" ....otherwise would have chosen A
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26 Aug 2010, 13:52
do you think that "they" in B is ambigous?
can it refer to sauces and endorphins?
Endorphins is attached in the construction "the release of endorphins", which is singular, so according to me, "they" can only refer to hot sauces.
could anybody explain this?
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26 Aug 2010, 17:29
hey in this SC question these refer back to hot sauces and is correct usage
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26 Aug 2010, 20:51
Well B wont be correct answer choice since the sentence begins with :
Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain
which means hot sauces also add flavors to many foods and also releases endorphins...by just saying "like exercise" it would mean exercise also adds flavors to many foods... which is incorrect...

In A, we have " just as exercise does" .... for the stimulating related sentence which makes it logical..

Hence although B sounds correct, inaccordance with Like rule of manhattan SC .... its not logical...
That is my explanation...

I would go with A...
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28 Aug 2010, 05:11
noboru wrote:
Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's.
A. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does,
and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's
B. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, like exercise, and they
have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine

noboru,

another thing to note is that in option B don't we need like that of ..
A makes clear comparison ...

Am i wrong here?
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23 Jun 2013, 08:23
Option A is best B distorts the meaning

Just a question towards the end of the sentence...

hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's ( morphine's pain relieving effect is implied)
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24 Jun 2013, 18:04
Noboru,

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/bes ... t3219.html
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25 Jun 2013, 01:18
Noboru,

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/bes ... t3219.html

Noboru posted this question way back in 2010 and has a GMAT score of 730.
I think by now he should have passed the B school also
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25 Jun 2013, 02:49
But the question still remains..is the usage of "These" correct here??
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25 Jun 2013, 05:10
rofl.... ....Ankur, I didnt notice that.
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25 May 2015, 23:39
Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's.

A. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's -> Looks fine

B. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, like exercise, and they have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine -> Wrong comparison
The comparison is
Sauces stimulate the release of endomorphins as exercise stimulate the release of endomorphins
Sauces stimulate the release of endomorphins as Sauces stimulate the release of exercise

C. hot sauces and exercise both stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, and they have a pain-relieving effect like morphine -> pain relieving effect is compared with Morphine. It should pain relieving effect should be compared with pain relieving effect of Morphine.

D. the release of endorphins in the brain is stimulated both by hot sauces and exercise, and they have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's
Subject is "Release of Endorphines" and we have an "and" so the they should refer to the subject.

E. the release of endorphins in the brain is stimulated by hot sauces, just as with exercise, and these have a pain-relieving effect like that of morphine
Wrong comparison.
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot   [#permalink] 25 May 2015, 23:39
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