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Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim

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Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's.

(A) hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's

(B) hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, like exercise, and they have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine

(C) hot sauces and exercise both stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, and they have a pain-relieving effect like morphine

(D) the release of endorphins in the brain is stimulated both by hot sauces and exercise, and they have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's

(E) the release of endorphins in the brain is stimulated by hot sauces, just as with exercise, and these have a pain-relieving effect like that of morphine

[Reveal] Spoiler:
The issue I have with this sentence is that as per Manhattan SC, "these" has to go always with a noun (these bikes, these pills...), and never alone. However, according to OA that is not true..Could anybody clarify the usage of "these" (and "this").
Thanks,
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 26 Sep 2017, 19:30, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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noboru wrote:
The issue I have with this sentence is that as per Manhattan SC, "these" has to go always with a noun (these bikes, these pills...), and never alone. However, according to OA that is not true..Could anybody clarify the usage of "these" (and "this").


Good question :wink:
"these" is a pronoun and plural of "this". In choice A : "these" is used as a replacement pronoun (not adjective). Pls refer to post - gmax-challenge-question-95398.html?highlight=gmax

According to MGMAT Demonstrative pronouns (This, That, These, Those) act as adjectives and need to be attached to a noun.
Ex: I like these shoes.
An exception is "That and Those" can act as a noun if they are acting as a copy of another noun--in this scenario the demonstrative pronoun must be modified to indicate how it is different from the original copy. ------> I think it means sometimes they DO NOT PHYSICALLY TOUCH
Ex: I love my shoes, but I hate those of my neighbor

I hope I make some sense :-D

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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jun 2010, 06:30
These - represents HOT SAUCES and nouns is - a pain-relieving effect .
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jun 2010, 12:20
I believe these is a pronoun for endorphins

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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2010, 05:36
I have problems understanding what does morphine's refer to. Also in B, the comparision between excersise and hot sauces (using "like"), seems ok for me.
Could anybody clarify this?
thanks.
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2010, 08:42
Ya .. I second noboru.. Even I opted B because it used 'like' to connect Hot Sauces and Exercise .. As 'like' is used to compare nouns whereas 'as' is used to compare phrases(remember reading it in MGMAT :)) shouldn't we choose B ?

Can anyone clarify on this?
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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Nice catch. "just as x does" is used to compare action. If I add this to your explanation then all clear. :wink:

Like is used to compare nouns
Like Tolstoy, Rousseau blah blah
Like x, y etc
Like his brother, James graduated at the head of his class.

Here we are comparing the action w/ action, so B is wrong. To make B correct I will have to modify the sentence little bit
B. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, like exercise, and they
have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine ---> old B
B. hot sauces, like exercise stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, and they
have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine ----------> modified B. But then "they" is ambiguous now. So I have to really work hard to fix B.

Hope I make some sense!

sridhar wrote:
Ya .. I second noboru.. Even I opted B because it used 'like' to connect Hot Sauces and Exercise .. As 'like' is used to compare nouns whereas 'as' is used to compare phrases(remember reading it in MGMAT :)) shouldn't we choose B ?

Can anyone clarify on this?
Cheers,
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2010, 23:41
Went with B ..........only because "they" looked more convincing to me than "these" ....otherwise would have chosen A

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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2010, 13:52
do you think that "they" in B is ambigous?
can it refer to sauces and endorphins?
Endorphins is attached in the construction "the release of endorphins", which is singular, so according to me, "they" can only refer to hot sauces.
could anybody explain this?
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2010, 17:29
hey in this SC question these refer back to hot sauces and is correct usage
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2010, 20:51
Well B wont be correct answer choice since the sentence begins with :
Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain
which means hot sauces also add flavors to many foods and also releases endorphins...by just saying "like exercise" it would mean exercise also adds flavors to many foods... which is incorrect...

In A, we have " just as exercise does" .... for the stimulating related sentence which makes it logical..

Hence although B sounds correct, inaccordance with Like rule of manhattan SC .... its not logical...
That is my explanation...

I would go with A...

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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 28 Aug 2010, 05:11
noboru wrote:
Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's.
A. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does,
and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's
B. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, like exercise, and they
have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine


noboru,

another thing to note is that in option B don't we need like that of ..
A makes clear comparison ...

Am i wrong here? :oops:

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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 23 Jun 2013, 08:23
Option A is best B distorts the meaning

Just a question towards the end of the sentence...

hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's ( morphine's pain relieving effect is implied)
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2013, 18:04
Noboru,

Read the explanation from Ron.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/bes ... t3219.html
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jun 2013, 01:18
maaadhu wrote:
Noboru,

Read the explanation from Ron.

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/bes ... t3219.html


Noboru posted this question way back in 2010 and has a GMAT score of 730.
I think by now he should have passed the B school also :)
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 25 May 2015, 23:39
Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's.

A. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's -> Looks fine

B. hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, like exercise, and they have a pain-relieving effect that is like morphine -> Wrong comparison
The comparison is
Sauces stimulate the release of endomorphins as exercise stimulate the release of endomorphins
Sauces stimulate the release of endomorphins as Sauces stimulate the release of exercise


C. hot sauces and exercise both stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, and they have a pain-relieving effect like morphine -> pain relieving effect is compared with Morphine. It should pain relieving effect should be compared with pain relieving effect of Morphine.

D. the release of endorphins in the brain is stimulated both by hot sauces and exercise, and they have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's
Subject is "Release of Endorphines" and we have an "and" so the they should refer to the subject.

E. the release of endorphins in the brain is stimulated by hot sauces, just as with exercise, and these have a pain-relieving effect like that of morphine
Wrong comparison.
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 31 Oct 2017, 22:22
I have a problem with understanding why 'A' is the correct answer. 'These' cannot stand alone: it must be followed by a noun entity. 'These' can correctly refer to either hot sauces or endorphins.

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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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scrumptious829 wrote:
I have a problem with understanding why 'A' is the correct answer. 'These' cannot stand alone: it must be followed by a noun entity. 'These' can correctly refer to either hot sauces or endorphins.

Great question, scrumptious829! And welcome to GMAT Club!

It's funny, I don't remember seeing this question before (though the brain cell storing that particular memory might have died in a tragic bourbon accident), and I don't really like ANY of the five answer choices... so I did some snooping around to try to confirm the source. And apparently, it's legit. The funny thing? Some incredibly smart folks at MGMAT (see the link in the posts above) looked into it in detail, and the legendary Ron Purewal said that he was "seething" at the use of "these" in (A). Fun choice of words on his part. :)

This sort of thing makes me crazy, too. In general, "this" and "these" can't be used as pronouns on the GMAT -- they're articles, not pronouns, in every other correct GMAT sentence I can think of. So in general, you're right, scrumptious829: "these" would need to be followed by a plural noun of some sort, if we're using other official GMAT questions as our guide. And this particular question is inconsistent with the GMAT's other examples. That's totally frustrating -- but there are TONS of examples of inconsistencies in the GMAT's application of grammar rules. This adds another to the list.

To be fair, English style and grammar experts don't necessarily have a problem with using "this" and "these" as pronouns; the idea that the GMAT doesn't use those words as pronouns is based only on retired GMAT questions, not universal rules of English. So maybe the safest thing is to say that "these" SHOULD be followed by a noun -- but that it's not an absolute rule.

And as others have pointed out, there are more severe problems in the other answer choices, so the use of "these" is a relatively minor crime in comparison.

I hope this helps!!
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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2017, 23:56
GMATNinja wrote:
scrumptious829 wrote:
I have a problem with understanding why 'A' is the correct answer. 'These' cannot stand alone: it must be followed by a noun entity. 'These' can correctly refer to either hot sauces or endorphins.

Great question, scrumptious829! And welcome to GMAT Club!

It's funny, I don't remember seeing this question before (though the brain cell storing that particular memory might have died in a tragic bourbon accident), and I don't really like ANY of the five answer choices... so I did some snooping around to try to confirm the source. And apparently, it's legit. The funny thing? Some incredibly smart folks at MGMAT (see the link in the posts above) looked into it in detail, and the legendary Ron Purewal said that he was "seething" at the use of "these" in (A). Fun choice of words on his part. :)

This sort of thing makes me crazy, too. In general, "this" and "these" can't be used as pronouns on the GMAT -- they're articles, not pronouns, in every other correct GMAT sentence I can think of. So in general, you're right, scrumptious829: "these" would need to be followed by a plural noun of some sort, if we're using other official GMAT questions as our guide. And this particular question is inconsistent with the GMAT's other examples. That's totally frustrating -- but there are TONS of examples of inconsistencies in the GMAT's application of grammar rules. This adds another to the list.

To be fair, English style and grammar experts don't necessarily have a problem with using "this" and "these" as pronouns; the idea that the GMAT doesn't use those words as pronouns is based only on retired GMAT questions, not universal rules of English. So maybe the safest thing is to say that "these" SHOULD be followed by a noun -- but that it's not an absolute rule.

And as others have pointed out, there are more severe problems in the other answer choices, so the use of "these" is a relatively minor crime in comparison.

I hope this helps!!


Hi GmatNinja,
Another problem with choice A is comparison is illegal. these (hot sauces) need to be compared with morphin. ( noun to noun comparison). what does morphine's stand for. If morphine's refer to pain relieving effect then we are comparing hot sauces with morphin's pain relieving effect. Kindly confirm if my understanding is correct or not.

Option a- Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stimulate the release of endorphins in the brain, just as exercise does, and these have a pain-relieving effect like morphine's

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Re: Besides adding complementary flavors to many foods, hot sauces stim   [#permalink] 09 Nov 2017, 23:56
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