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Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during

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Re: Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during  [#permalink]

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New post 04 May 2020, 10:24
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PRONOUNS AND CORRELATIVES

Here's my explanation of this legendary exercise.







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Re: Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2020, 06:17
gamjatang wrote:
Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during the 10,000 years from the beginning of agriculture to 1950.


(A) Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during the 10,000 years from the beginning of agriculture

(B) Between 1990 and 2000 the growth of the global economy was more than that during 10,000 years, from when agriculture began

(C) The growth of the global economy between 1990 and 2000 exceeds that which had been for 10,000 years from the beginning of agriculture

(D) The growth of the global economy between 1990 and 2000 exceeds what it has been for 10,000 years, from when agriculture began

(E) The growth of the global economy between 1990 and 2000 exceeded what it did for the 10,000 years from the beginning of agriculture


Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack

VeritasKarishma GMATNinja
In option B
B) Between 1990 and 2000 the growth of the global economy was more than that during 10,000 years, from when agriculture began
Does the use of comma before a preposition is common or wrong ?
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Re: Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during  [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2020, 23:59
gamjatang wrote:
Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during the 10,000 years from the beginning of agriculture to 1950.


(A) Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during the 10,000 years from the beginning of agriculture

(B) Between 1990 and 2000 the growth of the global economy was more than that during 10,000 years, from when agriculture began

(C) The growth of the global economy between 1990 and 2000 exceeds that which had been for 10,000 years from the beginning of agriculture

(D) The growth of the global economy between 1990 and 2000 exceeds what it has been for 10,000 years, from when agriculture began

(E) The growth of the global economy between 1990 and 2000 exceeded what it did for the 10,000 years from the beginning of agriculture


Source : GMATPrep Default Exam Pack


We usually do not use a comma before prepositions. In option (B), we have a relative clause beginning with a preposition. Though the clause is essential so you will still not use a comma.
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Re: Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jul 2020, 20:15
mikemcgarry wrote:
I'm happy to help with this. :-)

First of all, one big hint in this problem --- the word "grow" appears as a verb only in (A), and appears as the noun "growth" in the other four answers. That's not definitive, in and of itself, but it's a HUGE hint. The GMAT loves this kind of split, the same root word as noun/verb/adjective ---- over 95% of the time, the verb form will be correct. The reason is --- putting action as a verb tends to make the sentence more concise, more direct, and more powerful. Putting the action in noun or adjective form almost always makes things more indirect and wordy. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/active-verbs-on-the-gmat/

Version (A) is perfectly correct grammatically, as well as direct & clear & powerful.

(B) is wordy, flabby, indirect.
(C) & (D) have the illogical present tense. The period 1950-2000 was a lovely time, but it ended 13 years ago, so using a present tense for this is incorrect.
(E) is also wordy & flabby, and I don't think the phrase "exceeded what it did" makes any sense at all. Does a world economy "do" its size, or do we say it simply "is" a size? The world economy is $XXX hundred billion. It would be totally illogical to use "does" instead of "is".

That's why (A) is the best. Does this make sense?
Mike :-)



Hi, may I know why choice C and D are illogical to use the present tense? While it is true that the growth of economy was in the past, it is still true today that the growth from 1990-2000 is more than pre-1950 time? Since it still holds true, and will never become false, should it not use the present tense? I think I am mixing things up here
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Re: Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jul 2020, 09:34
Hi GMATNinja, Abhi077, generis.

In answer choice A,
Before the proposition "from" we don't require a comma, because it is not a modifier just a preposition.

But, prepositional phrases act as modifiers ?
Is there a difference between Prepositions and prepositional phrases ?

I eliminated option A for lack of a comma before 'from'.

Please help.
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New post 05 Aug 2020, 22:31
The reason i picked B over A is the last few words in A 'from the beginning of agriculture'. Is this grammatically correct as from the beginning of something should denote a time period, e.g. from the 70s. Please explain
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Re: Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2020, 03:14
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shreyasharma1206 wrote:
The reason i picked B over A is the last few words in A 'from the beginning of agriculture'. Is this grammatically correct as from the beginning of something should denote a time period, e.g. from the 70s. Please explain

Hi Shreya, the notion of time is implied here; basically it suggests from (the time of) the beginning of agriculture.

This is quite a common construct in GMAT, and it might be a good idea to get comfortable with this.

Another similar example:

The nineteenth-century chemist Humphry Davy presented the results of his early experiments in his "Essay on Heat and Light", a critique of all chemistry since Robert Boyle as well as a vision of a new chemistry that Davy hoped to found.
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Re: Between 1990 and 2000 the global economy grew more than it did during   [#permalink] 06 Aug 2020, 03:14

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