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Between the eighth and eleventh centuries a.d., the

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New post 24 Nov 2018, 05:39
P1 - How an empire came to such a condition and how revived.
P2 - Factors contributed to this revival and why, usefulness?
P3 - sequence of individual factors.

1. which of the following best states the central idea of the passage?

Only E is covering the summary from all 3 paras.

(e) the revival of the byzantine empire between the eighth and eleventh centuries shows cultural rebirth preceding economic and military revival, the reverse of the commonly accepted order of progress.

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2. the primary purpose of the second paragraph is which of the following?

Therefore, Byzantine military achievements led to economic advances, which in turn led to cultural revival. ---- Consider these lines into account.

(c) to suggest that cultural, economic. and military advances have tended to be closely interrelated in different societies.
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3. it can be inferred from the passage that by the eleventh century the byzantine military forces

872 the "military balance with the Abbasid Caliphate" had been permanently altered in the empire’s favor.

(d) were strong enough to withstand the abbasid caliphate's military forces
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4. it can be inferred from the passage that the byzantine empire sustained significant territorial losses

(b) during the seventh century --- 600 - 700 is 7nth century --- best answer.

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5. in the third paragraph, the author most probably provides an explanation of the apparent connections among economic, military, and cultural development in order to\

No doubt this hypothetical pattern did apply at times during the course of the recovery. Yet it is not clear that military advances invariably came first, economic advances second, and intellectual advances third.

(b) set up an order of events that is then shown to be not generally applicable to the case of byzantium

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6. which of the following does the author mention as crucial evidence concerning the manner in which the byzantine revival began?

In the 860’s the Byzantine Empire began to recover from Arab incursions so that by 872 the military balance with the Abbasid Caliphate had been permanently altered in the empire’s favor.

(d) the revival of byzantine learning began toward the end of the eighth century.
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7. according to the author, "the common explanation" (line 28) of connections between economic, military, and cultural development is

Therefore, Byzantine military achievements led to economic advances, which in turn led to cultural revival.

(c) not applicable to the byzantine revival as a whole, but does perhaps accurately describe limited periods during the revival


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New post 19 Dec 2018, 04:43
A. Statement ‘a’ is somewhat similar to statement ‘e’ but the statement ‘a’ depicts the military, economic and cultural revival of Byzantine Empire unique which is never mentioned by the author in the passage. The author mentions in the last few lines of the passage that the commonly expected order of military revival followed by economic and then by cultural recovery was reversed in Byzantium but uniqueness is nowhere mentioned in the passage. Hence, a could not be the answer.
B. It is not mentioned in the passage that Rome under Augustus had the same pattern of military, economic and cultural revival as that of Byzantine Empire. The only thing mentioned in the passage about Rome under Augustus is that the military, economic and cultural revival of the empire went together or these were differentiated aspects of a single phenomenon.
C.Cultural expansion in Byzantine Empire started way before military and economic revival. Hence, statement ‘c’ is wrong.
D.The revival of Byzantine Empire is comprehensively discussed in the passage and it is clearly mentioned that economic and military expansion followed the cultural expansion in the state.
E.Statement ‘e’ best captures the central idea of the passage as things are rightly mentioned in this statement. Hence, ‘e’ is the answer.
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New post 19 Dec 2018, 04:44
2) Second paragraph of the passage talks specifically about the relation between military, economic and cultural revival of a state. The paragraph starts by stating that these three forms of expansion are differentiated aspects of the same phenomenon which is followed by examples of Rome under Augustus and fifth-century Athens’ revival. In the end of the paragraph, Byzantine’s revival is discussed which also signifies a connection between these three forms of expansion. Hence, option ‘c’ best states the purpose of second paragraph.
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New post 19 Dec 2018, 04:45
3) In the 860’s the Byzantine Empire began to recover from Arab incursions so that by 872 the military balance with the Abbasid Caliphate had been permanently altered in the empire’s favour.” This statement from the third paragraph of the passage suggests that Byzantium were strong enough to withstand the Abbasid Caliphate’s military forces. Hence, ‘d’ is the answer.
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New post 21 Dec 2018, 22:49
1. A. Statement ‘a’ is somewhat similar to statement ‘e’ but the statement ‘a’ depicts the military, economic and cultural revival of Byzantine Empire unique which is never mentioned by the author in the passage. The author mentions in the last few lines of the passage that the commonly expected order of military revival followed by economic and then by cultural recovery was reversed in Byzantium but uniqueness is nowhere mentioned in the passage. Hence, a could not be the answer.
B. It is not mentioned in the passage that Rome under Augustus had the same pattern of military, economic and cultural revival as that of Byzantine Empire. The only thing mentioned in the passage about Rome under Augustus is that the military, economic and cultural revival of the empire went together or these were differentiated aspects of a single phenomenon.
C.Cultural expansion in Byzantine Empire started way before military and economic revival. Hence, statement ‘c’ is wrong.
D.The revival of Byzantine Empire is comprehensively discussed in the passage and it is clearly mentioned that economic and military expansion followed the cultural expansion in the state.
E.Statement ‘e’ best captures the central idea of the passage as things are rightly mentioned in this statement. Hence, ‘e’ is the answer.
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New post 21 Dec 2018, 22:52
Second paragraph of the passage talks specifically about the relation between military, economic and cultural revival of a state. The paragraph starts by stating that these three forms of expansion are differentiated aspects of the same phenomenon which is followed by examples of Rome under Augustus and fifth-century Athens’ revival. In the end of the paragraph, Byzantine’s revival is discussed which also signifies a connection between these three forms of expansion. Hence, option ‘c’ best states the purpose of second paragraph.
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New post 21 Dec 2018, 22:53
3. A. Paragraph 2 & 3 talks about how Byzantium military revived and took over its enemies and their territories in the ninth century. It is nowhere mentioned in the passage that their military power started declining in the eleventh century.
B. No mention of the elimination of Bulgarian army is made in the passage.
C. No such comparison is made in the passage.
D. “In the 860’s the Byzantine Empire began to recover from Arab incursions so that by 872 the military balance with the Abbasid Caliphate had been permanently altered in the empire’s favour.” This statement from the third paragraph of the passage suggests that Byzantium were strong enough to withstand the Abbasid Caliphate’s military forces. Hence, ‘d’ is the answer.
E.Byzantine governmental structure is not talked about in the passage.
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New post 21 Dec 2018, 22:54
A. Paragraph 1 mentions that Byzantine lost two-third of its territory that it possessed in 600. So, Byzantine didn’t lose territory in 600.
B. It is mentioned in the first paragraph that Byzantine lost two-third of its possessed territory by the early eight century which means that the loss of its territory must have been started in the seventh century. So, Byzantine must have suffered significant territorial losses during seventh century. Hence, ‘b’ is the answer.
C.There is no mention of the time when Byzantine lost its cultural achievements. So, this statement doesn’t help us with the knowledge of the time period when byzantine suffered territorial losses.
D. Byzantine learning started in the end of eight century while it had lost two-third of its possessed territories by the beginning of eight century. So, statement ‘d’ is wrong.
E. Byzantine lost its possessed territories by the early eight century. Hence, ‘e’ is wrong.
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New post 21 Dec 2018, 22:55
5. The author provided an explanation of connections among military, economic and cultural revival in order to signify the deviation in the pattern of revival from the usual one followed by the Byzantine empire.So, option ‘b’ fits the best for this question.
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New post 21 Dec 2018, 22:56
A. Statement ‘a’ is wrong as in the revival process of Byzantine empire social revival preceded economic and military revival.
B.We have to find the evidence concerning the manner in which the revival began and not when it lasted. SO, option ‘b’ could not be the answer.
C. It is mentioned in the third paragraph that its economic recovery began between 810 and 830.
D. “A number of notable scholars and writers appeared by 788 and, by the last decade of the eighth century.” This statement substantiates the argument made in option ‘d’ . Hence, d is the answer.
E. We are to provide evidence concerning the beginning of revival. So, option ‘e’ is out of context.
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New post 21 Dec 2018, 22:57
At the very beginning of the revival of Byzantine Empire, it didn’t follow the usual pattern i.e. military revival followed by economic revival followed by cultural revival but for the time after eight century Byzantine empire followed the usual pattern of revival as mentioned in the end of second paragraph. Hence, ‘c’ is the answer.
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New post 22 Dec 2018, 03:04
1.
A. Statement ‘a’ is somewhat similar to statement ‘e’ but the statement ‘a’ depicts the military, economic and cultural revival of Byzantine Empire unique which is never mentioned by the author in the passage. The author mentions in the last few lines of the passage that the commonly expected order of military revival followed by economic and then by cultural recovery was reversed in Byzantium but uniqueness is nowhere mentioned in the passage. Hence, a could not be the answer.
B. It is not mentioned in the passage that Rome under Augustus had the same pattern of military, economic and cultural revival as that of Byzantine Empire. The only thing mentioned in the passage about Rome under Augustus is that the military, economic and cultural revival of the empire went together or these were differentiated aspects of a single phenomenon.
C.Cultural expansion in Byzantine Empire started way before military and economic revival. Hence, statement ‘c’ is wrong.
D.The revival of Byzantine Empire is comprehensively discussed in the passage and it is clearly mentioned that economic and military expansion followed the cultural expansion in the state.
E.Statement ‘e’ best captures the central idea of the passage as things are rightly mentioned in this statement. Hence, ‘e’ is the answer.
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New post 24 Feb 2019, 02:49
workout

Q7 ) C vs D
i thought the common explanation was given to generalize the model. But certainly, it was not the case and the reverse occurred as mentioned in the 3rd paragraph.

Is Q7) asking the role of "the common explanation" ??
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