GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 24 May 2020, 17:19

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Billions of people in the world suffer from water scarcity. The proble

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
GMAT Club team member
User avatar
V
Status: GMAT Club Team Member
Affiliations: GMAT Club
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 5887
GPA: 3.62
Billions of people in the world suffer from water scarcity. The proble  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Aug 2019, 07:31
1
Question 1
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 59 sessions

88% (02:36) correct 12% (02:12) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 2
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 57 sessions

75% (01:22) correct 25% (01:30) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

Question 3
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

based on 60 sessions

47% (01:39) correct 53% (01:41) wrong

HideShow timer Statistics

New Project RC Butler 2019 - Practice 2 RC Passages Everyday
Passage # 295, Date : 28-Aug-2019
This post is a part of New Project RC Butler 2019. Click here for Details


Billions of people in the world suffer from water scarcity. The problem is not a lack of suitable water in the world; it is an uneven distribution of that water--an uneven distribution, to be more exact, of the resources and facilities needed to manage water, as well as the natural sources of water themselves. It has been estimated that a billion people lack access to potable water, and 2.4 billion lack access to the basic sanitation that is necessary for basic water usage.

In the case of the domestic shortage of water, which is small in demand relative to commercial uses of water, the problem is not so much that there are no water resources, but that those without water lack the political and financial capital to access that water. Granted, natural forces do play a role. In regions of need, terrestrial water resources may be distributed quite unevenly, leaving large populations at great distances without such sources, and rainwater may fall only sporadically throughout the course of a given year. In such regions, making water accessible is costlier and may require considerable investment in infrastructure.

I would like to propose a radical measure to address water shortage, especially in African countries. I suggest that multinational soft drink companies be given incentives to enter the countries afflicted by water shortage and invest in the development of the water infrastructure. This proposal is not as absurd as it may first sound. First of all, most major soft drink companies nowadays are also in the business of selling bottled water; they have expertise in purification and other relevant knowledge areas. Second, the soft drink industry is among the very first industries to penetrate and profit in emerging markets, because of the general appeal and low price of their product. Moreover, the more a given economy develops, the more that particular soft drink provider stands to profit. In other words, soft drink companies have both the capability to help and some interest to operate in a given country that needs assistance.

You may object that soft drink companies already would have entered a country to help if they had seen benefit in doing so. That critique may be true, but it does not necessarily mean that a company could not be driven to action through direct financial incentives, partial ownership of constructed infrastructure, assistance from international organizations and pressure from more developed neighboring countries in which that company already has an entrenched interest. Moreover, to the criticism that infrastructure building is the work of governments, not companies, there is a valid response: partnerships between governments and corporations have thrived for centuries in major projects and could benefit both the people and involved corporations in this case, as well.


1. The primary purpose of the passage is to propose

A. a cheaper way to develop water infrastructure
B. a way to address water scarcity that benefits both people and corporations
C. direct financial incentives to commercial bottling operations
D. a new system for partnerships between government and corporations
E. an alternative to traditional efforts to combat water scarcity



2. The author implies that all of the following statements about water scarcity are true EXCEPT

A. the scarcity of domestic drinking water is not primarily due to insufficient quantities of water
B. addressing water scarcity potentially has business value
C. lack of purification contributes to the problem of water scarcity
D. addressing water scarcity in a country would help its economy develop
E. in some areas, the business of providing drinkable water would benefit soft drink companies more than that of selling soft drinks



3. According to the passage, which of the following statements would best explain why local governments alone cannot address water scarcity?

A. Local governments are unwilling to give up partial ownership of water infrastructure.
B. Local laws inhibit the construction of water infrastructure.
C. Transporting unevenly distributed water would require the cooperation of neighboring countries that have strained relations.
D. Local governments lack expertise in purification and other relevant knowledge areas.
E. Local governments, to the extent they have sufficient political capital to build water infrastructure, lack sufficient financial capital.



Source: GMAT Free (3)
Difficulty Level: 650

_________________
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Aug 2019
Posts: 2
Re: Billions of people in the world suffer from water scarcity. The proble  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Aug 2019, 20:09
in this passeage, in q3, why option d is not appropiate
VP
VP
User avatar
V
Joined: 07 Mar 2019
Posts: 1161
Location: India
GMAT 1: 580 Q43 V27
WE: Sales (Energy and Utilities)
Premium Member
Re: Billions of people in the world suffer from water scarcity. The proble  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Aug 2019, 20:23
Para 1 Summary – Author introduces the actual reason behind water shortage problem with some acts.

Para 2 Summary – Author particularly discusses about domestic shortage of water that it is due to uneven distribution of water and lack of political and financial capital among people who face the problem. Also author gives reasons why providing access is costlier in cases where people live in faraway places.

Para 3 Summary – Author proposes a solution for the African countries, which involves giving incentives to soft drink companies so that they enter those countries facing the issue and finally gives his reasoning why his/her proposal is not absurd.

Para 4 Summary – In this para author finally addresses possible opposition of his/her proposal and gives reasoning how that can be dealt.

Passage Summary – Author introduces problem of water shortage discusses root cause particularly of domestic shortage and how that can be addressed by providing his/her proposal.

1. The primary purpose of the passage is to propose

A. a cheaper way to develop water infrastructure – WRONG. Irrelevant.
B. a way to address water scarcity that benefits both people and corporations – CORRECT. In broader terms this what passage tries to elaborate.
C. direct financial incentives to commercial bottling operations – WRONG. Limited scope.
D. a new system for partnerships between government and corporations – WRONG. Irrelevant.
E. an alternative to traditional efforts to combat water scarcity – WRONG. Its not alternative to traditional efforts .

2. The author implies that all of the following statements about water scarcity are true EXCEPT

A. the scarcity of domestic drinking water is not primarily due to insufficient quantities of water – WRONG. Mentioned in para 1.
B. addressing water scarcity potentially has business value – WRONG. Mentioned in para 3
C. lack of purification contributes to the problem of water scarcity – WRONG. “lack access to potable water” n para 1 shows it adds to the problem.
D. addressing water scarcity in a country would help its economy develop – WRONG. Mentioned in para 3.
E. in some areas, the business of providing drinkable water would benefit soft drink companies more than that of selling soft drinks – CORRECT. A comparison is nowhere addressed by author.

3. According to the passage, which of the following statements would best explain why local governments alone cannot address water scarcity?

Marked D, though was stuck between D and E and got it wrong. Point E says local governments having political capital lack financial capital but the way passage is constructed and transitions from para 1 to 2 it seems people who lack political and financial capital access face water shortage. So eliminated this option. On the other hand, D says local government lack purification knowledge which perfectly makes sense. Thus marked D.
This is an inference question so passage understanding is a must to answer the question.


A. Local governments are unwilling to give up partial ownership of water infrastructure. – WRONG. Unwillingness of local governments is irrelevant.
B. Local laws inhibit the construction of water infrastructure. – WRONG. No such mention anywhere in the passage.
C. Transporting unevenly distributed water would require the cooperation of neighboring countries that have strained relations. – WRONG. Goes out of scope to say neighboring countries have strained relations.
D. Local governments lack expertise in purification and other relevant knowledge areas. – WRONG.
E. Local governments, to the extent they have sufficient political capital to build water infrastructure, lack sufficient financial capital. – CORRECT.

Experts’ opinion requested for how D is incorrect.
_________________
Ephemeral Epiphany..!

GMATPREP1 590(Q48,V23) March 6, 2019
GMATPREP2 610(Q44,V29) June 10, 2019
GMATPREPSoft1 680(Q48,V35) June 26, 2019
GMAT Club Bot
Re: Billions of people in the world suffer from water scarcity. The proble   [#permalink] 28 Aug 2019, 20:23

Billions of people in the world suffer from water scarcity. The proble

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne