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# Biographer: Arnold s belief that every offer of assistance

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Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 637
Biographer: Arnold s belief that every offer of assistance [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2007, 14:41
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Biographer: Arnold’s belief that every offer of assistance on the part of his colleagues was a disguised attempt to make him look inadequate and that no expression of congratulations on his promotion should be taken at face value may seem irrational. In fact, this belief was a consequence of his early experiences with an admired older sister who always made fun of his ambitions and achievements. In light of this explanation, therefore, Arnold’s stubborn belief that his colleagues were duplicitous emerges as clearly justified.
The flawed reasoning in the biographer’s argument is most similar to that in which one of the following?
(A) The fact that top executives generally have much larger vocabularies than do their subordinates explains why Sheldon’s belief, instilled in him during his childhood, that developing a large vocabulary is the way to get to the top in the world of business is completely justified.
(B) Emily suspected that apples are unhealthy ever since she almost choked to death while eating an apple when she was a child. Now, evidence that apples treated with certain pesticides can be health hazards shows that Emily’s long-held belief is fully justified.
(C) As a child. Joan was severely punished whenever she played with her father’s prize Siamese cat. Therefore, since this information makes her present belief that cats are not good pets completely understandable, that belief is justified.
(D) Studies show that when usually well-behaved children become irritable, they often exhibit symptoms of viral infections the next day. The suspicion, still held by many adults, that misbehavior must always be paid for is thus both explained and justified.
(E) Sumayia’s father and mother were both concert pianists, and as a child, Sumayia knew several other people trying to make careers as musicians. Thus Sumayia’s opinion that her friend Anthony lacks the drive to be a successful pianist is undoubtedly justified.

Please explain your answers as I know the OA, not the reasons.
CEO
Joined: 29 Mar 2007
Posts: 2560

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11 Sep 2007, 22:07
Wow hard one. Is it C?
Manager
Joined: 17 Aug 2007
Posts: 77
Re: CR_1000_500 Arnold's belief [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2007, 22:42
eyunni wrote:
Biographer: Arnold’s belief that every offer of assistance on the part of his colleagues was a disguised attempt to make him look inadequate and that no expression of congratulations on his promotion should be taken at face value may seem irrational. In fact, this belief was a consequence of his early experiences with an admired older sister who always made fun of his ambitions and achievements. In light of this explanation, therefore, Arnold’s stubborn belief that his colleagues were duplicitous emerges as clearly justified.
The flawed reasoning in the biographer’s argument is most similar to that in which one of the following?
(A) The fact that top executives generally have much larger vocabularies than do their subordinates explains why Sheldon’s belief, instilled in him during his childhood, that developing a large vocabulary is the way to get to the top in the world of business is completely justified.
(B) Emily suspected that apples are unhealthy ever since she almost choked to death while eating an apple when she was a child. Now, evidence that apples treated with certain pesticides can be health hazards shows that Emily’s long-held belief is fully justified.
(C) As a child. Joan was severely punished whenever she played with her father’s prize Siamese cat. Therefore, since this information makes her present belief that cats are not good pets completely understandable, that belief is justified.
(D) Studies show that when usually well-behaved children become irritable, they often exhibit symptoms of viral infections the next day. The suspicion, still held by many adults, that misbehavior must always be paid for is thus both explained and justified.
(E) Sumayia’s father and mother were both concert pianists, and as a child, Sumayia knew several other people trying to make careers as musicians. Thus Sumayia’s opinion that her friend Anthony lacks the drive to be a successful pianist is undoubtedly justified.

Please explain your answers as I know the OA, not the reasons.

In the original statement: Arnold's current belief is purely and solely based on a past experience. The current belief when taken on face value (without the past experience) may seem irrational.

A: Incorrect, though based on a past experience, the belief on face value does not sound irrational

B: Incorrect, Current experience is factual and not directly derived from past experience

C: cats are not good pets is irrational as a stand alone statement, but her past experience justifies it. This is CORRECT

D: Incorrect, 'Misbehavior must always be paid for' is not necessarily a irrational statement taken as a standalone statement

E:Incorrect: The current belief is based on many observations and not a single peculiar past experience.

So answer should be C. OA ?
Manager
Joined: 09 Jul 2007
Posts: 178

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11 Sep 2007, 23:03
i'll go wid B
Intern
Joined: 29 Dec 2004
Posts: 47

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12 Sep 2007, 06:53
I also think B
Director
Joined: 11 Jun 2007
Posts: 637

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12 Sep 2007, 12:54
OA is C
12 Sep 2007, 12:54
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# Biographer: Arnold s belief that every offer of assistance

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