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# Blood banks will shortly start to screen all donors for NANB

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Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Nov 2006
Posts: 259
Location: California
Blood banks will shortly start to screen all donors for NANB [#permalink]

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15 Dec 2006, 12:49
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Blood banks will shortly start to screen all donors for NANB hepatitis. Although the new screening tests are estimated to disqualify up to 5 percent of all prospective blood donors, they will still miss two-thirds of donors carrying NANB hepatitis. Therefore, about 10 percent of actual donors will still supply NANB-contaminated blood.

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Donors carrying NANB hepatitis do not, in a large percentage of cases, carry other infections for which reliable screening tests are routinely performed.
(B) Donors carrying NANB hepatitis do not, in a large percentage of cases, develop the disease themselves at any point.
(C) The estimate of the number of donors who would be disqualified by tests for NANB hepatitis is an underestimate.
(D) The incidence of NANB hepatitis is lower among the potential blood donors than it is in the population at large.
(E) The donors who will still supply NANB-contaminated blood will donate blood at the average frequency for all donors.
Director
Joined: 28 Dec 2005
Posts: 919

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15 Dec 2006, 14:24
Hmm, I found this tough, but finally decided on A. The conclusion says: Therefore, about 10 percent of actual donors will still supply NANB-contaminated blood. The math adds up:
X - number of donors
Y - number of NANB infected people
y/3 = 5/100x
=> x = 20/3y
the same as: 10/100 x = 2/3y
However, this cannot be true, if those carrying the virus are screened out due to other tests.

Blood banks will shortly start to screen all donors for NANB hepatitis. Although the new screening tests are estimated to disqualify up to 5 percent of all prospective blood donors, they will still miss two-thirds of donors carrying NANB hepatitis. Therefore, about 10 percent of actual donors will still supply NANB-contaminated blood.

The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions?

(A) Donors carrying NANB hepatitis do not, in a large percentage of cases, carry other infections for which reliable screening tests are routinely performed.
(B) Donors carrying NANB hepatitis do not, in a large percentage of cases, develop the disease themselves at any point.
(C) The estimate of the number of donors who would be disqualified by tests for NANB hepatitis is an underestimate.
(D) The incidence of NANB hepatitis is lower among the potential blood donors than it is in the population at large.
(E) The donors who will still supply NANB-contaminated blood will donate blood at the average frequency for all donors.
Senior Manager
Joined: 08 Jun 2006
Posts: 335
Location: Washington DC

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15 Dec 2006, 14:29
Going for A
Otherwise, previous screening would have disqualified majority of the NANB carriers.
Director
Joined: 24 Aug 2006
Posts: 745
Location: Dallas, Texas

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16 Dec 2006, 16:31
Definitely A .....some of the donors who have the other infections along with NANB will be disqualified by some other screening process.
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Senior Manager
Joined: 24 Sep 2006
Posts: 273

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16 Dec 2006, 22:48
A it is
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AimHigher

Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Nov 2006
Posts: 259
Location: California

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17 Dec 2006, 11:34
OA is A too..
17 Dec 2006, 11:34
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# Blood banks will shortly start to screen all donors for NANB

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