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# Both threatened by the possibility of legislation

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Senior Manager
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Both threatened by the possibility of legislation [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2013, 08:15
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15% (low)

Question Stats:

83% (01:50) correct 17% (02:06) wrong based on 46 sessions

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Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced the firm to adjust their expected earnings for the third time since the beginning of the fiscal year.
(A) Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced
(B) Both the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and the increasing protests by grass-roots organizations threatened the agriculture firm's projected net profits, falling for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced
(C) Both because it was threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, forcing
(D) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened both by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, forcing
(E) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened by both the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restrictin [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2013, 08:28
Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced the firm to adjust their expected earnings for the third time since the beginning of the fiscal year.

In A both is misplaced, which refers to quarter : wrong.
In B "both the possibility" and "by grass" is not parallel. same problem with "which"
C is fine, but is passive (giving a second look "Both because (...) and by" is not parallel). D is better
In D the structure is clear "subj, (...), verb, sub-clause". The ing form is perfectly used: it shows a consequence of the action.
E has the seem problem as A (which refers to quarter)

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Senior Manager
Status: Final Lap
Joined: 25 Oct 2012
Posts: 287
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.54
WE: Project Management (Retail Banking)
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 332 [0], given: 85

Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restrictin [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2013, 08:32
Official Explanation :

The construction "Both...and" requires that the phrase following "both" be parallel with the phrase following "and." Not only must they be grammatically parallel, but they also must be comparable things. That means that the sentence is incorrect as written: "threatened by" is not parallel to "by increasing." (C) can also be eliminated for this reason; if "both" is followed by "because," "and" must be followed by "because" as well.

Choice (B) is incorrect because of verb tense issues. If the firm's projected net profits are "falling," that is happening in the present. But the falling profits "forced" a change. That's past tense. If the projected profits are falling, then "have forced" would be correct.

The main difference between (D) and (E) is the final clause: "forcing" or "which forced." The word "which" generally tells us that what follows modifies the immediately preceding word. However, in (E), it wasn't the "fifth consecutive quarter" that forced the change. Thus, "forcing" is accurate, as it modifies the previous verb, "fell." Choice (D) is correct.
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Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restrictin [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2013, 10:17
also this parallelism is better in D: threatened both by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations,

what is the source ?
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Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restrictin [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2013, 10:33
Rock750 wrote:
Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced the firm to adjust their expected earnings for the third time since the beginning of the fiscal year.
(A) Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced - BOTH X and Y should be parallel
(B) Both the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and the increasing protests by grass-roots organizations threatened the agriculture firm's projected net profits, falling for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced - Threatened is used as VERB. Per meaning, it should be used as adjective. Moreover, the firms profits were threatned by the reasons. The reasons didn't perform the action of threatening. Hence Incorrect.
(C) Both because it was threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, forcing - both x and y - idiom error
(D) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened both by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, forcing - Correct, Cause Effect nicely done.
(E) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened by both the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced
- usage of which is incorrect

Its usually easy to crack the questions from Meaning perspective, however there are some blatant errors that I can't ignore.
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Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restrictin [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2013, 12:57
Rock750 wrote:
Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced the firm to adjust their expected earnings for the third time since the beginning of the fiscal year.
(A) Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced
(B) Both the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and the increasing protests by grass-roots organizations threatened the agriculture firm's projected net profits, falling for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced
(C) Both because it was threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, forcing
(D) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened both by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, forcing
(E) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened by both the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced

here are parallelism and modifier error.
Both.......and.....should follow a parallel structure.A and C are out for parallelism error.Now left B,D,E.B and E are out for modifier problem which forced modifies a fifth consecutive quarter which is wrong.correct use is verb -ing modifier.D is the correct answer.Let me know if i am wrong in analyzing
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Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restrictin [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2013, 13:10
I second Himanshu. This sentence has a clear intended meaning error caused by modifier placement and then some parallelism errors.
IMO D brings out the meaning most explicitly and avoids errors of passive voice, pronoun, modifier and lastly parallelism.
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Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restrictin [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2013, 22:54
Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced the firm to adjust their expected earnings for the third time since the beginning of the fiscal year.

(A) Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced
Wrong. "Which" is incorrect. wrong idiom: "both" is misplaced. Should be "threatened both by X and by Y".

(B) Both the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and the increasing protests by grass-roots organizations threatened the agriculture firm's projected net profits, falling for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced
Wrong. "Which" is incorrect.

(C) Both because it was threatened by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, the agriculture firm's projected net profits fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, forcing
Wrong. "both because it was......" is wrong grammar.

(D) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened both by the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and by increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, forcing
Correct.

(E) The agriculture firm's projected net profits, threatened by both the possibility of legislation restricting acceptable language in advertisements and increasing protests by grass-roots organizations, fell for a fifth consecutive quarter, which forced
Wrong. "Which" is incorrect.
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Re: Both threatened by the possibility of legislation restrictin   [#permalink] 18 Apr 2013, 22:54
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