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Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmak

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Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmak  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2019, 10:40
2
6
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  15% (low)

Question Stats:

69% (01:02) correct 31% (01:19) wrong based on 402 sessions

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Project SC Butler: Day 59: Sentence Correction (SC2)


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Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmakers to uphold their wishes, functions on the belief that if people were unhappy with their circumstances, they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard.

(A) they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(B) they would have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(C) they will have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(D) it would have more of an impetus to make its voice heard

(E) it will have more of an impetus to make its voice heard


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Re: Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmak  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2019, 11:33
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sudarshan22 wrote:

Project SC Butler: Day 59: Sentence Correction (SC2)


For SC butler Questions Click Here

Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmakers to uphold their wishes, functions on the belief that if people were unhappy with their circumstances, they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard.

(A) they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(B) they would have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(C) they will have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(D) it would have more of an impetus to make its voice heard

(E) it will have more of an impetus to make its voice heard


The best/excellent answers get kudos, which will be awarded after the answer is revealed.
There may be no best/excellent answers, or a there may be a few excellent answers!


Concepts being tested here - Subject Pronoun Agreement + Subjunctive mood. We need to write the sentence like this "If people were X, THEY would Y."

A) This is not in correct subjunctive form. INCORRECT
B) CORRECT, pronoun agrees with subject people, subjunctive is written correct
C) INCORRECT for same reason as A
D, E) Both INCORRECT since IT does not agree with subject people. We need THEY.
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Re: Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmak  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2019, 11:58
Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmakers to uphold their wishes, functions on the belief that if people were unhappy with their circumstances, they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard.

Meaning analysis: Author wants to say that Britain’s people vote for government representative whom they wish to vote. By doing so citizens believe If people were not happy with this representative, they would have some force that make their voices heard.

Error analysis: Conditionals, if+past simple, then+would+infinitive (or simple past) – Second conditional. With this understanding we can easily eliminate A, C and E. Next we have pronoun “they” refers to “people”, “they” cannot refer to “lawmakers” it is illogical, moreover subject of the second-then clause “they” unambiguously refers to the subject of main-if clause. We can eliminate choice D.

(A) they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(B) they would have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(C) they will have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(D) it would have more of an impetus to make its voice heard

(E) it will have more of an impetus to make its voice heard

So B is correct

(please correct if you see any mistakes or gaps in my explanation, thank you)
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Re: Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmak  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2019, 04:09
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Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmakers to uphold their wishes, functions on the belief that if people were unhappy with their circumstances, they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard.

(A) they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard - If condition(simple past), then simple past or would verb -- the usage of "have" is incorrect

(B) they would have more of an impetus to make their voices heard - Correct

(C) they will have more of an impetus to make their voices heard - usage of will have is incorrect

(D) it would have more of an impetus to make its voice heard - Pronoun issue - usage of it for people is incorrect

(E) it will have more of an impetus to make its voice heard - usage of will have is incorrect; usage of it for people is incorrect

Answer B
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Re: Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmak  [#permalink]

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New post 05 Jan 2019, 12:56
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Official Explanation :

Concepts tested : Subject Pronoun Agreement + Subjunctive mood (i.e, "If people were X, they would Y")

Choice (A) and (C) are flawed because the sentences are not in correct subjunctive form.

Choice (B) is correct because here the pronoun they agrees with subject people and the sentence adheres subjunctive form i.e, "If people were X, they would Y."

Choice (D) and (E) can be eliminated because the pronoun it does not agree with subject people.
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Re: Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmak  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2019, 21:43
Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmakers to uphold their wishes, functions on the belief that if people were unhappy with their circumstances, they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard.

(A) they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(B) they would have more of an impetus to make their voices heard --> correct construction: "if people were unhappy .., they would have ..."

(C) they will have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(D) it would have more of an impetus to make its voice heard

(E) it will have more of an impetus to make its voice heard
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Re: Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmak  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2019, 21:58
Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmakers to uphold their wishes, functions on the belief that if people were unhappy with their circumstances, they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard.

(A) they have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(B) they would have more of an impetus to make their voices heard - ONLY answer choice with a "WOULD" - As the sentence talks about a hypothetical scenario where people are not happy with their circumstances.

(C) they will have more of an impetus to make their voices heard

(D) it would have more of an impetus to make its voice heard

(E) it will have more of an impetus to make its voice heard
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Re: Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmak  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2019, 23:23
IMO B

If people were ....

It shows a hypothetical condition , so use of 'would have' is required with 'were'

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Re: Britain's representative government, in which citizens vote for lawmak   [#permalink] 15 Mar 2019, 23:23
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