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# Brought before a military tribunal for crimes that he claims

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Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
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Brought before a military tribunal for crimes that he claims [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2005, 03:53
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Brought before a military tribunal for crimes that he claims not to have committed, the soldier`s lawyer vehemently denied that the young man had any part in the wrongdoing.

(A) the soldier`s lawyer vehemently denied that the young man had any part in the wrongdoing
(B) the lawyer retained by the soldier vehemently denied that he had had any part in the wrongdoing
(C) the lawyer retained by the soldier vehemently denied that the young man has had any part in the wrongdoing
(D) the soldier vehemently denied that he had any part in the wrongdoing
(E) the soldier vehemently denied that he had had any part in the wrongdoing

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Senior Manager
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Re: SC- Understanding use of a modifier (medium/hard) [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2005, 04:56
A, B and C are wrong - misplaced pronoun - they make it appear as if the lawyer was brought before the tribunal.

I'd go with D.
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29 Apr 2005, 06:00
E)...because the action of the "wrongdoing" happened before he denied it. so to show a past event before another past event, we use past perfect. so i think "had had" is ok.
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Re: SC- Understanding use of a modifier (medium/hard) [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2005, 06:16
GMATT73 wrote:
Brought before a military tribunal for crimes that he claims not to have committed, the soldier`s lawyer vehemently denied that the young man had any part in the wrongdoing.

(A) the soldier`s lawyer vehemently denied that the young man had any part in the wrongdoing
(B) the lawyer retained by the soldier vehemently denied that he had had any part in the wrongdoing
(C) the lawyer retained by the soldier vehemently denied that the young man has had any part in the wrongdoing
(D) the soldier vehemently denied that he had any part in the wrongdoing
(E) the soldier vehemently denied that he had had any part in the wrongdoing

go with E, past perfect tense is better.

why choices A,B,C and D,E are so much different?

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Senior Manager
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29 Apr 2005, 06:20
D for me.

It is a simple past tense construct. No need to add past perfect. Beyond, soldier vehemently denies that he had done anything.

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29 Apr 2005, 18:47
agree with D, but IMO, there should be a better sentence structure to convey the correct meaning

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30 Apr 2005, 20:38
I agree with christoph that E is the best because it clearly shows the sequence of action, meaning "denied" happens after "had had any part..."

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30 Apr 2005, 21:20
another E for Past Perfect.
first (completed) action : he had had any part in the wrongdoing
second action: the soldier vehemently denied

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Current Student
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07 May 2005, 20:45
OA is E.

OE:

Spot the Error:
The descriptive phrase, "brought before...committed", indicates the modifier is being tested.

Rule and Fix:
A Modifier must be as close as possible to the thing it describes, in this case the phrase should modify the solider not the lawyer.

POE:
A, B, and C all place the lawyer directly after the phrase causing the phrase to modify the lawyer.

Chunk and Compare:
Compare D to E.
The difference is in the verbs. D uses the simple past (had) while E uses the Past Perfect (had had). Since there are 2 past events in the sentence that must be ordered (brought before the tribunal and denying) the past perfect is most appropiate.

Choose E.

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07 May 2005, 20:45
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