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# Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would

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14 Mar 2010, 19:58
Good Question Discussed thanku
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06 May 2010, 09:28
I chose option B but OA says otherwise
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06 May 2010, 12:55
I understand the explanations around the need for "if" after subjunctive mood, it does make sense. But I really don't get what the "only" is doing in the sentence. To me that sound very awkward... so I guess I didn't understand the meaning of the whole sentence.

anyone can clarify this?
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06 May 2010, 18:09
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"If only because" is a special phrase. It is sometimes expressed more fully as "if for no other reason than (that)"
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06 May 2010, 23:15
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07 May 2010, 21:24
x97agarwal wrote:
The way I approached this is that you have a conditional uncertainity in 1st clause "would" which depends of sth that "should happen". When ever you have uncertain words (may, might, should, would, can , could), always make sure that the answer choice you are choosing is not distorting the meaning by make sth 'hypothetical' to 'actual'.

After this we are left with C, D and E. C and D is again not a clear contruction.

Again: 'IF' and 'would' SHOULD not come in same clause (if they are scratch that answer choice). But it is OK to have 'em in different clause. Also if you take a close look, this is a typical IF...then condition scentence. Using IF is ok here.

Hope this help
Thanks

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Excellent explanation Rao....

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17 Jul 2010, 22:42
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No one spoke about the duplicated facilities / duplication of facilities.

Latter is correct. Between D and E.

E it is.
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Building large new hospitals in the bi-state area would [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2010, 14:49
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Building large new hospitals in the bi-state area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone .

a. on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities

b. on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone

c. solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided

d. while the duplication of facilities should be avoided

e. if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided
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21 Mar 2011, 09:04
I've never heard of "If only because" before this...thanks
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10 May 2011, 08:46
Excellent explanation Rao .. Correct Answer E .
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10 May 2011, 09:32
mrinal2100 wrote:
i thought B but the ans is E

Its E. A case of Subjunctives... 'Should +be' usage is the perfect
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10 May 2011, 23:58
In E 'only because' is a bit of strange usage.

duplication of facilities should be avoided is better usage than the other way round.
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11 May 2011, 07:31
I thought it was B. E seems like a strange answer.

Lesson learnt: would <....> if <....>
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18 May 2011, 02:14
I am still sticking to B ..E is not sinking in ..

Can someone say why B is wrong

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18 May 2011, 02:39
Jammy1976 wrote:
I am still sticking to B ..E is not sinking in ..

Can someone say why B is wrong

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Hi Jammy ;
There are 2 things.
1. Usse of subjunctive .. If.....would + 'be' form of verb.
2. On the basis/grounds of X means an acknowledgement that X has happened. But in the present case X hasnt happened.so Eliminate B.
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18 Jun 2011, 14:17
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Jammy1976 wrote:
I am still sticking to B ..E is not sinking in ..

Can someone say why B is wrong

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gmataspirant2009 wrote:
184. Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.
(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

There are quite some reasons why E is correct:
Reason#1 : Presence of comma which calls for a clause to explain the cause of non underlined sentence. We dont need that comma if we are using phrases "on the basis of ..." or "on the grounds of ...". This is a good enough reason to kick A and B out.

Reason#2 : It is typical cause-effect scenario where battle between "in that" and "because" happens. Spideys notes does say that "in that" (as in C) is mostly correct, but it is not so. This is a typical example of that. If any time, a "why" needs to be addressed, we have to use a "because" and that is what E does. So C is gone.

Reason#3 : Idiom to be crammed "if only because" Even I learnt it hard way.
"If only" is an addendum to "because" which specifies that there is no other reason apart from this reason.
http://www.englishforums.com/English/If ... d/post.htm

Jack ate the last cookie if only because he wanted to wash the plate.
Jack ate the last cookie because he wanted to wash the plate.

The difference is that the second sentence leaves out the idea that the only reason for eating the cookie was to wash the plate. It also leaves out that certain stylistic 'something' that the first has. The reason in the first sentence has a certain subtractive value, whereas the reason in the second has additive value. In the first sentence, but only because might replace if only because. In the second sentence, one can easily imagine extending the thought with further reasons: because ... and because ... and because ...

Once you know Reason#3, it is flat E.

But even if you know only Reason#1 and 2, you should be able to get rid of A,B, and C. Usage of while is really bad in D to kick it out.

HTH

I am really not sure how this is a subjunctive, because I am not able to figure out "unreal" condition here which has to be there in an interrogative(if-kind of) subjunctive.
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18 Jun 2011, 14:40
sudhir18n wrote:
Jammy1976 wrote:
I am still sticking to B ..E is not sinking in ..

Can someone say why B is wrong

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Hi Jammy ;
There are 2 things.
1. Usse of subjunctive .. If.....would + 'be' form of verb.
2. On the basis/grounds of X means an acknowledgement that X has happened. But in the present case X hasnt happened.so Eliminate B.

@Sudhir18n
Can you elaborate on how the 2 things you specified with some examples?
1. I do not find any reason to accept E on the grounds of subjunctive usage because first, it does not have any unreal condition and second, a would/should can not creep in an if clause of a subjunctive as per my understanding.
2. I think author of this sentence has clearly specified that "avoiding duplicated facilities" is happening. And that is the reason why it will be wasteful to do all the hospital building.
Let us take this scenario. "She may be acquitted on the grounds of her unmature pregnant status" In this scenario, I can also say that a future decision will depend on some future state.
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If you know what you're worth, then go out and get what you're worth. But you gotta be willing to take the hits, and not pointing fingers saying you ain't where you wanna be because of anybody! Cowards do that and You're better than that!
The path is long, but self-surrender makes it short; the way is difficult, but perfect trust makes it easy.

Fire the final bullet only when you are constantly hitting the Bull's eye, till then KEEP PRACTICING.
Failure establishes only this, that our determination to succeed was not strong enough.
Getting defeated is just a temporary notion, giving it up is what makes it permanent.

http://gmatclub.com/forum/1000-sc-notes-at-one-place-in-one-document-with-best-of-explanations-192961.html

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07 Jul 2011, 07:13
I agree that IF and WOULD should not be in the same clause. BUT we cannot consider the If-clause hypothetical subjunctive mood either, because SHOULD must not be present anywhere in the If sentence. I thought If..hypothetical subjunctive, then conditional. Please clarify. I am still confused between B and E
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07 Jul 2011, 11:38
key points here:
1.Subjunctive mood: Were/Would...IF
2.'If' and 'Would' should not be in the same clause
3. 'if only because' is a special phrase
4. 'Duplicated facilities' -INCORRECT
'Duplication of facilities'- CORRECT
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01 Sep 2011, 07:32
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Quote:
Building large new hospitals in the bistate area would constitute a wasteful use of resources, on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone.

(A) on the basis of avoidance of duplicated facilities alone
(B) on the grounds of avoiding duplicated facilities alone
(C) solely in that duplicated facilities should be avoided
(D) while the duplication of facilities should be avoided
(E) if only because the duplication of facilities should be avoided

This is what I think it is...

A, B and C - 'on the grounds of', 'on the basis of' and 'solely in that':
In most cases, for these choices to be correct, you need a person or a body (govt agency or organization) to be present (or implied to be present) in the statement.

Sentence structure:
What comes before 'On the grounds of' and 'On the basis of' ...should involve an action or a decision (usually, between two choices i.e. polarity should be present e.g. to do or not to do, to agree with or not to agree with, to terminate or to continue...etc)
What comes after 'On the grounds of' and 'On the basis of' ...should be the reasoning/logic, which substantiates the choice of action or stand that a person or body has decided to go with
E.g. He terminated his contract with AT&T on the grounds of frustration.
E.g. Thaddeus is suing Bartholomew on the basis of U.S. patents or U.S. laws.

C is almost a variation of A and B - 'solely in that' is akin to 'the reason being'.

In the question:
1. No specific person/body
2. No obvious polarity and choice made between two options before 'on the grounds of/on the basis of'

Soooooooo...answer is most probably not A, B or C.

For 'D', 'while' is usually used when two things happen simultaneously.
E.g. While Sally plays, Sue works.
E.g. While I work hard, I make sure to play hard as well.
This is not the case for the above question statement. Hence, incorrect!

If you look at the question wholistically, is building hospitals a wasteful use of resource in reality? NO! So, that means this is a conditional situation. Therefore, answer should be E even though it sounds a little awkward.

Hope this helps!
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Re: SC - tough   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2011, 07:32

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