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# Burma, officially called the Union of Myanmar, has the highest number

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Manager
Joined: 20 Jul 2018
Posts: 71
WE: Corporate Finance (Investment Banking)
Burma, officially called the Union of Myanmar, has the highest number  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 07 Oct 2018, 03:23
2
1
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

70% (00:46) correct 30% (00:50) wrong based on 132 sessions

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Burma, officially called the Union of Myanmar, has the highest number of child soldiers.

A) the highest number of child soldiers

B) highest number of child soldiers in the world

C) the highest amount of child soldiers in the world

D) the highest number of soldiers that are children than anywhere in the world

E) the highest number of child soldiers in the world

(source: The Economist)

Originally posted by Kaczet on 06 Oct 2018, 09:46.
Last edited by Bunuel on 07 Oct 2018, 03:23, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Joined: 17 Jan 2017
Posts: 298
Location: India
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WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: Burma, officially called the Union of Myanmar, has the highest number  [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2018, 10:08
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1
Kaczet wrote:
Burma, officially called the Union of Myanmar, has the highest number of child soldiers.

A) the highest number of child soldiers

B) highest number of child soldiers in the world

C) the highest amount of child soldiers in the world

D) the highest number of soldiers that are children than anywhere in the world

E) the highest number of child soldiers in the world

Answer will be released in 12 hours.
Waiting for opinions of yours.

(source: The Economist)

+1 for E

"Highest" is used for comparison. We need two entities when we use "Highest", to make more sense in a sentence.

Example :
(A) Mt Everest is the highest peak
(B) Mt Everest is the highest peak in the world. - This sentence makes more sense and it is better than (A), as Mt Everest is compared to all the peaks in the world.

Highest/the Highest:
We use "the" when there is a noun after the adjective e.g. the highest number, the highest proportion.
When we put the noun before, we don't need "the" e.g. the number was highest, the proportion was highest.

So, compare these 2 sentences:
- The UK had the highest rate of unemployment.
- The unemployment rate was highest in the UK.

A) the highest number of child soldiers --> No grammatical errors but we have a better option below (IMO)

B) highest number of child soldiers in the world --> Corrects the missing part in A but 'the' is missing here.

C) the highest amount of child soldiers in the world --> 'Amount' is not used for countable nouns.

D) the highest number of soldiers that are children than anywhere in the world --> 'Highest' is superlative. Hence, we don't need 'than' here. Comparative adjectives need 'than' such as higher..than..

E) the highest number of child soldiers in the world
--> This looks perfect
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Posts: 429
Re: Burma, officially called the Union of Myanmar, has the highest number  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2019, 16:34
generis,

Do you think it is a good question ? What is the difference between A and E ?

Thanks,
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Joined: 22 May 2016
Posts: 3578
Burma, officially called the Union of Myanmar, has the highest number  [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2019, 17:50
2
Kaczet wrote:
Burma, officially called the Union of Myanmar, has the highest number of child soldiers.

A) the highest number of child soldiers

B) highest number of child soldiers in the world

C) the highest amount of child soldiers in the world

D) the highest number of soldiers that are children than anywhere in the world

E) the highest number of child soldiers in the world

(source: The Economist)

ammuseeru wrote:
generis,

Do you think it is a good question ? What is the difference between A and E ?

Thanks,

This question tests:

1) countable vs. non-countable nouns and how each is quantified differently
Child soldiers are countable.

Amount is for non-countable nouns.

Number/Numbers is for countable nouns.

We have an amount of water.
We have a [countable] number of child soldiers.

2) the basis of comparison generally

[b]In a comparison, something is compared TO something else.
A comparison requires mention of or reference to the other item or items.

If a comparative word is in the sentence (higher, greater, highest, loudest, louder, etc.),
then X (whatever is modified by the comparative word) is being compared to Y.
Y must be mentioned.

We cannot compare one thing to nothing.

• If we see
-- higher = higher of TWO. Hence we look for some mention of the second item
-- highest = highest of MORE THAN TWO [numbers of child soldiers compared to numbers of child soldiers in the world, or all countries, or many countries, or more than one other country]

The difference between A and E is that A does not mention the other items, Ys.
A) "highest number of child soldiers" compared to WHAT?

That "highest" could be "highest number of child soldiers in Asia."
That "highest" could be "highest number of child soldiers in Myanmar's history."

Option E correctly mentions the "other item," the Ys, to which the "number of child soldiers in Myanmar" is being compared: [the number of child soldiers in every other country] in the world.

Does something in particular bother you about the question that I have not addressed?

I hope that helps.
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Burma, officially called the Union of Myanmar, has the highest number   [#permalink] 01 Jan 2019, 17:50
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