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Business executive: Attempting to create an ethical company by teachin

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Re: Business executive: Attempting to create an ethical company by teachin [#permalink]
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Bunuel
Business executive: Attempting to create an ethical company by teaching ethics to our employees is a waste of time and money because the corporate structure at its foundation is inherently neither ethical nor unethical. No matter what we do, people will inevitably act in an unethical manner. All we can do is create monitoring systems to prevent problems from occurring and to protect the company when they do.

Ethicist: To claim that we should not train employees in ethics because they will inevitably act unethically makes about as much sense as arguing that we should not spend money on driver’s education because all drivers will inevitably cause an accident.

The method the ethicist uses to object to the business executive’s argument is to

(A) argue that there are problems that time and money, no matter how judiciously spent, cannot solve

(B) attack the character of the business executive rather than the position the business executive is taking

(C) show that the executive’s line of reasoning would lead to an unacceptable conclusion if applied to a different situation

(D) show that the executive must present more evidence to substantiate the business executive’s position

(E) explicate a dilemma that is central to the business executive’s argument
­

Business executive’s argument: Irrespective of the training, people will inevitably act in an unethical manner.

Ethicist’s argument: To claim that we should not train employees in ethics because they will inevitably act unethically makes about as much sense as arguing that we should not spend money on driver’s education because all drivers will inevitably cause an accident.

Executive and Ethicist have opposing views.
Executive feels that training employees has no value.
Ethicist feels that it is necessary to train employees.
What method does the ethicist use to object to the executive’s argument? He gives a parallel example (of not training drivers) to show how the executive’s logic will cause problems in that case.

So, the ‘method of disagreement’ here is "One can show how the other’s reasoning will lead to an absurd conclusion in a parallel example."
Let’s look at the options now.

(A) Argue that there are problems that time and money, no matter how judiciously spent, cannot solve.

The ethicist doesn’t say that some problems cannot be solved.

(B) Attack the character of the business executive rather than the position the business executive is taking

No such personal attack.

(C) Show that the executive’s line of reasoning would lead to an unacceptable conclusion if applied to a different situation

Correct. He does show that the same reasoning applied to a driver training situation is unacceptable.

(D) Show that the executive must present more evidence to substantiate the business executive’s position

No call for more evidence.

(E) Explicate a dilemma that is central to the business executive’s argument

He does not point out any dilemma.