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# By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central

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27 Dec 2011, 22:52
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PTK wrote:
vageesh wrote:
I also want to know that why "it" is not ambiguous here.

Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency - Supreme Court is active and CIA is passive, so SC gives CIA discretionary powers , which enable it (CIA) to withhold from the public.
"it" is not ambigous here at all

In my opinion, A is correct NOT because of active/passive usage. If the author wanted to refer to SC, then the sentence should have 'reflexive' pronouns rather than ' simple pronoun'. As that is not the case, the 'it' here refers to CIA only but not SC.

Eg: He solved the problem HIMSELF; they caused the trouble THEMSELVES.

Hope this is clear.
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 19:35
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

In Answer choices D and E, I don't know for sure that CIA is singular or plural.

Is there anything wrong besides 'they' in Answer choices D and E?
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 23:33
uledssul wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

In Answer choices D and E, I don't know for sure that CIA is singular or plural.

Is there anything wrong besides 'they' in Answer choices D and E?

Hi Buddy : You can look out for other errors too in D n E , but under time crunching situation / the 1 min timer ticking = one needs to find the easiest method to discard/ eliminate the wrong answer choices ; here in this case pronoun Error is the easiest option to go for the kill.

Having said that = Could u plz let know what makes u think that CIA ie Central intelligence Agency / A group / A body can be plural

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2012, 01:51
A) powers......to withold.... <== here comma might be needed before 'enabling'

B) powers.....to withold..... <==......powers for it.. <== seems unclear

IMO ambiguity is there in both the options
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2012, 03:17
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public -corrrect
(B) for it to withhold from the public -does not sounds correct to me
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of - awkward
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure - wrong pronoun
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of - wrong pronoun
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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06 Nov 2013, 23:31
Hello!

I'm a bit confused about this one... and specifically want to find these type of questions to drill on, because I sincerely don't see big meaning or grammar issues.

By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

OA A. But I felt that 'it' in A can refer to Supreme Court or CIA.

My questions on the OA

I have come across several such questions where I feel that a pronoun has multiple referents but in reality it does not.

My pick was (C) I don't understand WHY is awkward?
I don't see idioms involved....

GMAT CLUB ANALYSIS:

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public -correct
(B) for it to withhold from the public -does not sounds correct to me
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of - awkward
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure - wrong pronoun
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of - wrong pronoun
In choices B and C, the preposition for is used unidiomatically in place of the "-ing" modifier to introduce the phrase describing powers

WHY HAS TO BE IN (A) - AN -ING MODIFIER THAT MODIFIES POWERS
The supreme court awarded to the CIA some powers..... so?
powers FOR (intended to) withholding disclosure to the public of the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

Don't get the rationale logic of this question... and why option (B) is so awkward.
Where to find questions like this one to drill this issue?
Perhaps Aristotle 100q's meaning based questions?
Have the hard MGMAT problems from the advanced sentence correction workshop but I didn't encounter questions with this type of annoying questions for me.

Ricardo

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2013, 14:39
ricardocs84 wrote:
Hello!

I'm a bit confused about this one... and specifically want to find these type of questions to drill on, because I sincerely don't see big meaning or grammar issues.

By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

OA A. But I felt that 'it' in A can refer to Supreme Court or CIA.

My questions on the OA

I have come across several such questions where I feel that a pronoun has multiple referents but in reality it does not.

My pick was (C) I don't understand WHY is awkward?
I don't see idioms involved....

GMAT CLUB ANALYSIS:

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public -correct
(B) for it to withhold from the public -does not sounds correct to me
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of - awkward
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure - wrong pronoun
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of - wrong pronoun
In choices B and C, the preposition for is used unidiomatically in place of the "-ing" modifier to introduce the phrase describing powers

WHY HAS TO BE IN (A) - AN -ING MODIFIER THAT MODIFIES POWERS
The supreme court awarded to the CIA some powers..... so?
powers FOR (intended to) withholding disclosure to the public of the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

Don't get the rationale logic of this question... and why option (B) is so awkward.
Where to find questions like this one to drill this issue?
Perhaps Aristotle 100q's meaning based questions?
Have the hard MGMAT problems from the advanced sentence correction workshop but I didn't encounter questions with this type of annoying questions for me.

Ricardo

Ricardo,

Per egmat, pronoun refers to logical antecedent.

Does court withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information? No but CIA does. Thats the reson CIA is the logical antecedent.
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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07 Nov 2013, 16:59

Yes, I was very aware of the "logical antecedent" in (A), in this case it could only possible refer back to the CIA.

Sometimes though, there are questions in which it does not seem enough to have just a "logical antecedent" but is required a grammatical one, that's why I discarded (A) unaware of the awkwardness of (C). I thought that C was "safer".

Please dear fellows, experts, if you know some good SC question bank (aside from the OG and GMATPREP banks) to drill on, kindly suggest.

I have posted the same thread in MGMAT forums, check if you want to, here's the link,

Best,

Ricardo

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/mul ... 6ef846822c

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2013, 22:14
By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

why b is wrong. it is clear that meaning in b is different from that in a. but we need a clear reason to eliminate b
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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08 May 2014, 01:52
Hi ,

Can someone explain how to figure out weather to use 'Enable' or 'Enabling' assuming that the rest of the sentence is correct.

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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05 Jul 2014, 06:05
I think CIA is singular to it is fine we can eliminate they and them D, E out .

B and C powers for is unidiomatic. So A
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2015, 03:37
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IMO - A

By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

Let's re-write this sentence for more clarity : The Central Intelligence Agency broad was awarded discretionary powers by the Supreme Court, enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.. Here 'it' refers back to 'The Central Intelligence Agency', not to anyone else.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public >> this is a cause & effect scenario: V-ing (enabling) is correctly producing the effect of the cause (awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers). And 'it' is referring back to the CIA (closest noun indeed)

(B) for it to withhold from the public >> this is changing the meaning. Now, it is sounding as if SC awarded the DP to CIAB just to enable it to withhold.....so, nonsensical

(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of >> As per VAN rule (Verb>Adj>Noun), using 'withhold' (verb) is preferred over 'withholding' (noun). Also, this is changing the meaning as explained in B.

(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure >> them is incorrect pronoun. Referring to whom??

(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of >> they is incorrect pronoun. Referring to whom??

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2015, 03:41
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IMO - A

By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

Let's re-write this sentence for more clarity : The Central Intelligence Agency broad was awarded discretionary powers by the Supreme Court, enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.. Here 'it' refers back to 'The Central Intelligence Agency', not to anyone else.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public >> this is a cause & effect scenario: V-ing (enabling) is correctly producing the effect of the cause (awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers). And 'it' is referring back to the CIA (closest noun indeed)

(B) for it to withhold from the public >> this is changing the meaning. Now, it is sounding as if SC awarded the DP to CIAB just to enable it to withhold.....so, nonsensical

(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of >> As per VAN rule (Verb>Adj>Noun), using 'withhold' (verb) is preferred over 'withholding' (noun). Also, this is changing the meaning as explained in B.

(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure >> them is incorrect pronoun. Referring to whom??

(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of >> they is incorrect pronoun. Referring to whom??

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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04 Jan 2015, 02:38
WinWinMBA wrote:
By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

A - Correct as-is. 'enabling' is modifying powers and rightly conveys the meaning.
B - I found the construction in (A) much better.
C - 'of the identities' does not make sense
D - 'them' does not have an antecedent. CIA = singular
E - 'they' does not have an antecedent. CIA = singular. Also, I think 'that' should be replaced with 'so that' - to show the purpose of awarding discretionary powers.
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2015, 01:43
fanatico wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

regarding choice b,
i realy do not know why it is wrong. this meaning is logic though can be considered distorted meaning.

for it to withhold modifies the preceding clause and is good. but if we use "enabling" modifying "power", the meaning relation is tighter.

we need more discussion on this point.
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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29 May 2015, 22:08
HowManyToGo wrote:
WinWinMBA wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

I would go for A.
"public of /public disclosure and disclosure off" don't get well with the rest of the sentence.
Between A and B , B wold have been OK , if the SC had given directions rather than powers. Not very sure though.

HMTG.

Hi! I got a problem here. The remaining " the identities of its sources". Can " the public" directly followed by the identities without a preposition?

I am not a native speaker. If the question is silly, please forgive me
Thanks so much.

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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29 May 2015, 22:09
HowManyToGo wrote:
WinWinMBA wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

I would go for A.
"public of /public disclosure and disclosure off" don't get well with the rest of the sentence.
Between A and B , B wold have been OK , if the SC had given directions rather than powers. Not very sure though.

HMTG.

Hi! I got a problem here. The remaining " the identities of its sources". Can " the public" directly followed by the identities without a preposition?

I am not a native speaker. If the question is silly, please forgive me
Thanks so much.

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2015, 07:10
I was confused between A and B.
Chose A over B because B looked awkward to me...
for it to withhold...

the act enabled the intelligence agency to withhold seems more correct

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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02 Jul 2015, 18:45
fanatico wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of

"for it to withold" modify the main clause, not "power". this is why B is wrong
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2016, 10:09
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central   [#permalink] 12 Jun 2016, 10:09

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