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By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jul 2016, 06:09
The general rule of GMAT - Resulting action is always in -ing form, therefore A is correct.
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2016, 09:39
Responding to a PM.

The present participle modifier "enabling" refers to "powers", the noun it touches. Please take a look at the post below, in which three usages of present participle (verb-ing) modifiers are explained.

verb-ed-modifiers-vs-verb-ing-modifiers-125611-60.html#p1712612
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2016, 07:14
Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency
why is them unclear in D?
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 12 Dec 2016, 22:03
sayantanc2k wrote:
Responding to a PM.

The present participle modifier "enabling" refers to "powers", the noun it touches. Please take a look at the post below, in which three usages of present participle (verb-ing) modifiers are explained.

verb-ed-modifiers-vs-verb-ing-modifiers-125611-60.html#p1712612



Since X awarded Y something enabling it blah blah

since we are talking about the effect of the action, it should naturally refer back to Y and not X? Is that correct?
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jan 2017, 18:12
paidlukkha wrote:
Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency
why is them unclear in D?

because the final part of the sentance"the identities of its sources of intelligence information." used "its" ,the pronoun here should be the same
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 13 Feb 2017, 10:08
Why 'it' is not ambiguous here..?
Is it like, if 'it' refers to 'supreme court' , then it should be reflexive pronoun..and therefore, 'it' refers to CIA
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 15 Feb 2017, 02:29
VKat wrote:
Why 'it' is not ambiguous here..?
Is it like, if 'it' refers to 'supreme court' , then it should be reflexive pronoun..and therefore, 'it' refers to CIA


Yes, your reasoning is absolutely correct.
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2017, 04:06
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WinWinMBA wrote:
By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of


Quote:
I am unable to choose between A and B what is the difference here enabling vs for here

https://gmatclub.com/forum/by-a-vote-of ... 16906.html


Is 'for' more concerned with intent ? the what about 'to' infinintve . Whats the diffirence between for vs to


By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers for it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.

The meaning of this sentence is different. We know that broad powers would have made it possible for CIA to withhold the IDs of sources. But this sentence (option B) implies that the broad discretionary powers were given to withhold the IDs. That it made it compulsory for them to withhold the IDs. That is not true. It is given that the powers were discretionary.
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 16 Feb 2017, 04:29
vageesh wrote:
I also want to know that why "it" is not ambiguous here.

Some times GMAT ignores ambiguity, Otherwise it is impossible to use pronouns. But if there are 2 options which are grammatically correct then consider ambiguity.

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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 09 Aug 2017, 10:04
fanatico wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of


Hi,
IT is not ambiguous as most of the people in the post above have questioned.
Please see the non underlined part , it says (the identities of ITS intelligence source )here IT refers to CIA therefore in the underlined part also IT refers to CIA . NO confusioni hope anymore.
Therefore Friends whenever you have pronoun ambiguity try to see the non underlined part for clear reference. Always read the non underlined part carefully.
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 11 Aug 2017, 11:26
fanatico wrote:
186. By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central Intelligence Agency broad discretionary powers enabling it to withhold from the public the identities of its sources of intelligence information.
(A) enabling it to withhold from the public
(B) for it to withhold from the public
(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of
(D) that enable them to withhold from public disclosure
(E) that they can withhold public disclosure of


The answer is A

A correct enabling is modifying discretionary powers
B Use of for is wrong and the it is ambiguous ."It" can refer to discretionary powers or Central Intelligence Agency
C Again use of for is not good and verb-ing "withholding" is also wrong here it is modifying for .
D we need past tense
E they is ambiguous and there is change in meaning .
It seems to suggest that the they can withhold discretionary powers .
This is not coherent .
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2017, 08:14
Subject+Verb+object+verb-ing modifier is always an action modifier---so option A is correct also comma can be omitted
but not when its a verb-ing modifier that modifies noun entity
B 'For it' awkward
C unidiomatic
D unidiomatic and no reference for them
E no reference who are they
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Re: By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2018, 22:23
A is the classical and common pattern in gmat. Test takers must know this.
Other options have errors.
In D, "them" is incorrect to refer to the Central Intelligence Agency

(B) for it to withhold from the public -> wrong structure

(C) for withholding disclosure to the public of -> V-ing, same to B.



E changes the meaning and "disclosure of" is unidiomatic
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By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jan 2018, 14:50
Hi WinWinMBA,

Thank you for your question.

Let's start by looking at the first major difference I saw when looking over the question quickly: it vs. they/them. Since the pronoun is referring back to the Central Intelligence Agency, which is a singular noun, the pronoun should match - so let's keep answers A, B, and C because they use the singular "it" or no pronoun at all. Therefore, we can eliminate answers D & E because they use the plural "they" or "them," which is wrong.

Answer C should also go because it doesn't clearly state WHO gets to do the withholding, and it sounds awkward. This leaves us with answers A & B. Let's look at what is different about each one:

A: enabling it to withhold from the public
B: for it to withhold from the public

In answer B, using the word "for" changes the meaning of the sentence and the intentions of the Supreme Court. By saying they are awarding the CIA powers "for" a purpose, they are saying that the Supreme Court awarded the CIA more power knowing they would use it for that purpose and ONLY that purpose. This isn't true - they just gave the CIA more power, but it's not clear WHY they did so.

The word "enabling" is a much stronger choice to show that the Supreme Court is giving the CIA power, and that power allows them to withhold information. Using "enabling" shows that the court decision is a cause, and withholding information is an effect, which is the intended meaning. The court didn't give them the power to withhold information directly - they did that indirectly by awarding them more power. Therefore, this is the right answer.
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By a vote of 9 to 0, the Supreme Court awarded the Central   [#permalink] 30 Jan 2018, 14:50

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