Cafeteria patron: The apples sold in this cafeteria are : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Cafeteria patron: The apples sold in this cafeteria are

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VP
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Cafeteria patron: The apples sold in this cafeteria are [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2005, 03:13
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Cafeteria patron: The apples sold in this cafeteria are greasy. The cashier told me that the apples are in that condition when they are delivered to the cafeteria and that the cafeteria does not wash the apples it sells. Most fruit is sprayed with dangerous pesticides before it is harvested, and is dangerous until it is washed. Clearly, the cafeteria is selling pesticide-covered fruit, thereby endangering its patrons.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?

(A) The apples that the cafeteria sells are not thoroughly washed after harvest but before reaching the cafeteria.

(B) Most pesticides that are sprayed on fruit before harvest leave a greasy residue on the fruit.

(C) Many of the cafeteriaâ€™s patrons are unaware that the cafeteria does not wash the apples it sells.

(D) Only pesticides that leave a greasy residue on fruit can be washed off.

(E) Fruits other than apples also arrive at the cafeteria in a greasy condition.
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Director
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26 Mar 2005, 03:31
Will pick A

If the apples are washed after harvest but before reaching the cafeteria, then the grease would not be because of the pesticides (that is also assuming that washing removes the pesticide)
VP
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26 Mar 2005, 21:44
Yes

OA is A.
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27 Mar 2005, 15:05
how can it be A,,,,A is more of a conclusion than an assumption,,,,,a better conclusion would be B,,,,pls explain if im wrong
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i hate when people do'nt post the OA, it leaves in guessing!!!!

Director
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27 Mar 2005, 17:44
karun_aggarwal wrote:
how can it be A,,,,A is more of a conclusion than an assumption,,,,,a better conclusion would be B,,,,pls explain if im wrong

The conclusion of the argument is "the cafeteria is selling pesticide-covered fruit, thereby endangering its patrons" an assumption is that which fills the gap between evidence and conclusion

Evidence is: Apples are sprayed with pesticide - and cafeteria does not wash them

The Gap: Apples could be washed anywhere in between the farm and the cafeteria

A fills this gap and hence is the assumption - B is an additional evidence to reach the conclusion
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27 Mar 2005, 19:47
Good one..I didn't get why A was the OA but after I read the 1st post of Vithal I got it. Tricky one...
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27 Mar 2005, 19:48
Cafeteria patron:
1) The apples sold in this cafeteria are greasy.
2) The cashier told me that the apples are in that condition when they are delivered to the cafeteria and that the cafeteria does not wash the apples it sells.
3) Most fruit is sprayed with dangerous pesticides before it is harvested, and is dangerous until it is washed.
4) Clearly, the cafeteria is selling pesticide-covered fruit, thereby endangering its patrons. <-- conclusion

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the argument depends?
The assumption should hold up the conclusion. That's the only job of an assumption.

(A) The apples that the cafeteria sells are not thoroughly washed after harvest but before reaching the cafeteria.
- This should be the answer. If the apples were not thoroughly washed before reaching the cafeteria, then it is indeed through that the cafeteria is selling pesticide covered fruits.

(B) Most pesticides that are sprayed on fruit before harvest leave a greasy residue on the fruit.
- Wrong. It focuses on the first premise, and forgets about looking for an evidence that holds up the conclusion.

(C) Many of the cafeteriaâ€™s patrons are unaware that the cafeteria does not wash the apples it sells.
- Not important here.

(D) Only pesticides that leave a greasy residue on fruit can be washed off.
- Out of scope

(E) Fruits other than apples also arrive at the cafeteria in a greasy condition
- Out of scope

A it is.
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27 Mar 2005, 19:51
Antmavel wrote:
Good one..I didn't get why A was the OA but after I read the 1st post of Vithal I got it. Tricky one...

Antmavel, there was nothing tricky about this CR question, in fact, it's quite straight-forward What you have to remember is the meaning of an assumption in CR.

An assumption is an unstated piece of evidence nesessary for the conclusion to hold. Therefore, if you ever see a CR question requiring you to find an assumption, it is important that you locate the conclusion and find the assumption that holds it up. Hope that helps.
27 Mar 2005, 19:51
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