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Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2011, 07:54

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B

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Difficulty:

75% (hard)

Question Stats:

47% (02:09) correct
53% (01:20) wrong based on 1745 sessions

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Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

(A) to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (B) to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on (C) to go to college involving the study of change, and is used in science and engineering fields, because it was focusing on (D) to attend college that involves studying change, and is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (E) to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used in the science and engineering fields, focuses on

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the sentence would be right if it is written as follows: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college, involves the study of change and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

can anyone explain whether the 'comma' is placed correctly in B?

I think there is a slight problem with this question. The correct answer (B), should have a comma after 'college.'

Without the comma, we have a rambling fragment, and the subject 'calculus' lacks a verb.

By placing a comma between both 'Calculus' and 'college' we set off the parenthetical phrase, thereby allow the verb 'involves' to correctly modify the subject 'Calculus.' Thus the corrected correct answer should read:

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college, involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series. _________________

IMO, this example takes us nowhere. Let us first of all decide whether the participle ‘involving’ or the verb ‘involves’ refer to Calculus or college. If it means to denote Calculus, then it should be separated from college by setting off parenthetically with commas after college and after change. Otherwise expressions ‘involving the study of change’ and ‘involves the study of change’ become essential participle or verb of the noun ‘college’ that is just before them. You will find all choices, A, B, C and D falling into this trap of improper punctuation and misplaced reference. Worse, D directly refers the subordinate verb ‘involves’ to College, a blatant error. E is terrible. Nonetheless B is the obvious choice..
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb. 9884544509

Re: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2017, 04:58

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The thumb rule about the use of the comma in compound sentences is:

When you have two full-fledged ICs and if you want to join them by a fanboy, then do use a comma before the fanboy. However, a comma is not necessary before the conjunction if the independent clause or second sentence does not have a subject

Examples with a comma - The visiting team tried all the tricks on the book, but it still lost the series.

Without a comma: The visiting team tried all the tricks on the book but still lost the series.

Both are okay.

However, look at the textual choice B.

(B) to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on

you have a comma before the fanboy but the second part has no subject. This is problematic.

Thus, one may see that the use of comma has a subtle role to play in the overall sentence structure.

B. to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on
_________________

“Better than a thousand days of diligent study is one day with a great teacher” – a Japanese proverb. 9884544509

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

(A) to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (B) to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on (C) to go to college involving the study of change, and is used in science and engineering fields, because it was focusing on (D) to attend college that involves studying change, and is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (E) to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used in the science and engineering fields, focuses on

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Nice i picked the right answer in 2.35; too much time but for this question level not is simple.

look on the bright side: i don't have doubts on the answer

first split involves VS involving: involves is right

the sentence would be right if it is written as follows: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college, involves the study of change and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

can anyone explain whether the 'comma' is placed correctly in B?

I agree something is wrong with answer choice B, comma is missing before the word "involves". Thus, as it is it can not be the correct answer.
_________________

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

(A) to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (B) to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on (C) to go to college involving the study of change, and is used in science and engineering fields, because it was focusing on (D) to attend college that involves studying change, and is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (E) to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used in the science and engineering fields, focuses on

Answer: B

'planning to attend' is correct. C is wrong. Calculus...involves the study of change" is correct. So, answer is B.
_________________

"The best day of your life is the one on which you decide your life is your own. No apologies or excuses. No one to lean on, rely on, or blame. The gift is yours - it is an amazing journey - and you alone are responsible for the quality of it. This is the day your life really begins." - Bob Moawab

Wudn't B be more clear if "that" was used between college and involves::: Student planning to join college that involves the study of change
_________________

[caption=]Remember: Anything that can go wrong, will go wrong.[/caption]

Here is a question to those that employ MGMAT's split technique. Don't you guys find that time consuming? I agree that identifying the split can sometimes help to reduce careless errors, but is it worth the trade off in time?

the sentence would be right if it is written as follows: Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college, involves the study of change and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

can anyone explain whether the 'comma' is placed correctly in B?

I have the same question...... Although if I HAD to choose , i would choose B.....as Crick says...its 'best among the worst'

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

(A) to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (B) to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on (C) to go to college involving the study of change, and is used in science and engineering fields, because it was focusing on (D) to attend college that involves studying change, and is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (E) to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used in the science and engineering fields, focuses on

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I think the critical point here is the logical meaning. Once we figure out that "involve the study of change" is used to describe the subject "calculus", together with "focus on...", we can quickly eliminate ACDE and choose B

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

(A) to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (B) to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on (C) to go to college involving the study of change, and is used in science and engineering fields, because it was focusing on (D) to attend college that involves studying change, and is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (E) to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used in the science and engineering fields, focuses on

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Answer is B. Even in terms of meaning B wins. others seem to be modifying college.

Calculus, a subject offered to high school students planning to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on limits, derivatives, integrals, and infinite series.

(A) to attend college involving the study of change, is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (B) to attend college involves the study of change, and is used in the fields of science and engineering, because it focuses on (C) to go to college involving the study of change, and is used in science and engineering fields, because it was focusing on (D) to attend college that involves studying change, and is used in the science and engineering fields, because it focuses on (E) to attend college involving the study of change, which is now used in the science and engineering fields, focuses on

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I think the critical point here is the logical meaning. Once we figure out that "involve the study of change" is used to describe the subject "calculus", together with "focus on...", we can quickly eliminate ACDE and choose B

This question deals with meaning clarity!!!!

gmatclubot

Re: "study" or "studying"
[#permalink]
03 Apr 2012, 07:18

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