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# can someone elabprate the concept behind this question !!

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Intern
Joined: 07 Aug 2016
Posts: 30

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 24

Location: India
WE: Consulting (Energy and Utilities)
can someone elabprate the concept behind this question !! [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 07:28
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Difficulty:

65% (hard)

Question Stats:

51% (02:22) correct 49% (01:42) wrong based on 57 sessions

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Margaret Courtney-Clarke has traveled to remote dwellings in the Transvaal to photograph the art of Ndebele
women, whose murals are brilliantly colored, their geometrical symmetries embellished with old and new
iconography and in a style that varies from woman to woman and house to house
.

A. whose murals are brilliantly colored, their geometrical symmetries embellished with old and new iconography and
in a style that varies from woman to woman and house to house
B. whose murals are brilliantly colored, their geometrical symmetries are embellished with old and new iconography,
and their style is varying among women and houses
C. whose murals are brilliantly colored, their geometrical symmetries are embellished with old and new iconography,
and they are in styles that vary from woman to woman and house to house
52
D. with murals brilliantly colored, their geometrical symmetries embellished with old and new iconography, and their
style varies among women and houses
E. with murals that are brilliantly colored, their geometrical symmetries embellished with old and new iconography,
and their styles vary among women and houses
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 24

Intern
Joined: 07 Aug 2016
Posts: 30

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 24

Location: India
WE: Consulting (Energy and Utilities)
Re: can someone elabprate the concept behind this question !! [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 07:33

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 24

Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3125

Kudos [?]: 2896 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: can someone elabprate the concept behind this question !! [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2017, 14:05
RudraM wrote:

The part "their geometrical symmetries embellished with old and new iconography and in a style that varies from woman to woman and house to house" is an absolute phrase modifier. Following is an excerpt from Manhattan SC guide:

A few GMAT sentences use a sophisticated modifier called an Absolute Phrase. Absolute phrases are composed of a noun plus a noun modifier. These phrases do not have to modify what they touch; rather, they modify the main clause in some way.

The construction of an absolute phrase is as follows:
Noun / noun phrase + noun / noun phrase modifier

Here,
Noun phrase: "their geometrical symmetries"
Noun phrase modifier: "embellished with old and new iconography and in a style that varies from woman to woman and house to house".

This noun phrase + noun phrase modifier (i.e. the absolute phrase) as a whole refers to the clause "whose murals are brilliantly colored".

Kudos [?]: 2896 [0], given: 22

Intern
Joined: 07 Aug 2016
Posts: 30

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 24

Location: India
WE: Consulting (Energy and Utilities)
Re: can someone elabprate the concept behind this question !! [#permalink]

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16 Apr 2017, 00:57
sayantanc2k wrote:
RudraM wrote:

The part "their geometrical symmetries embellished with old and new iconography and in a style that varies from woman to woman and house to house" is an absolute phrase modifier. Following is an excerpt from Manhattan SC guide:

A few GMAT sentences use a sophisticated modifier called an Absolute Phrase. Absolute phrases are composed of a noun plus a noun modifier. These phrases do not have to modify what they touch; rather, they modify the main clause in some way.

The construction of an absolute phrase is as follows:
Noun / noun phrase + noun / noun phrase modifier

Here,
Noun phrase: "their geometrical symmetries"
Noun phrase modifier: "embellished with old and new iconography and in a style that varies from woman to woman and house to house".

This noun phrase + noun phrase modifier (i.e. the absolute phrase) as a whole refers to the clause "whose murals are brilliantly colored".

Hi sayantanc2k,

So in this case -

Margaret Courtney-Clarke has traveled to remote dwellings in the Transvaal to photograph the art of Ndebele women = main clause
, whose murals are brilliantly colored = prepositional phrase modifying "the art"
, their geometrical symmetries embellished with old and new iconography and in a style that varies from woman to woman and house to house.= absolute phrase also modifying "the art".

in this type of construction is there any rule to follow for the two modifier. I mean can they be just joined a comma or a ", and" construction preferred ? Once I identify the absolute phrase and its intent, what should I look for to check if the sentence is correct.

Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 24

Re: can someone elabprate the concept behind this question !!   [#permalink] 16 Apr 2017, 00:57
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