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Can you help me to explain the answer for questions 378, 391

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Can you help me to explain the answer for questions 378, 391 [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2007, 12:10
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378. In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that required residency on the land itself in order to obtain eventual ownership.
(A) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that
(B) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside, but in the American West homesteading policies
(C) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the American West’s homesteading policies
(D) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the homesteading policies of the American West
(E) Urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside in feudal Europe, unlike the American West where homesteading policies

The OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

391. In large doses, analgesics that work in the brain as antagonists to certain chemicals have caused psychological disturbances in patients, which may limit their potential to relieve severe pain.
(A) which may limit their potential to relieve
(B) which may limit their potential for relieving
(C) which may limit such analgesics’ potential to relieve
(D) an effect that may limit their potential to relieve
(E) an effect that may limit the potential of such analgesics for relieving

The OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E

If you have any questions
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02 Oct 2007, 12:14
378. In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that required residency on the land itself in order to obtain eventual ownership.
(A) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that
(B) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside, but in the American West homesteading policies
(C) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the American West’s homesteading policies
(D) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the homesteading policies of the American West
(E) Urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside in feudal Europe, unlike the American West where homesteading policies

The OA is D

391. In large doses, analgesics that work in the brain as antagonists to certain chemicals have caused psychological disturbances in patients, which may limit their potential to relieve severe pain.
(A) which may limit their potential to relieve
(B) which may limit their potential for relieving
(C) which may limit such analgesics’ potential to relieve
(D) an effect that may limit their potential to relieve
(E) an effect that may limit the potential of such analgesics for relieving

The OA is E

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02 Oct 2007, 19:35
king06 wrote:
378. In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that required residency on the land itself in order to obtain eventual ownership.
(A) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that
(B) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside, but in the American West homesteading policies
(C) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the American West’s homesteading policies
(D) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the homesteading policies of the American West
(E) Urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside in feudal Europe, unlike the American West where homesteading policies

The OA is D

391. In large doses, analgesics that work in the brain as antagonists to certain chemicals have caused psychological disturbances in patients, which may limit their potential to relieve severe pain.
(A) which may limit their potential to relieve
(B) which may limit their potential for relieving
(C) which may limit such analgesics’ potential to relieve
(D) an effect that may limit their potential to relieve
(E) an effect that may limit the potential of such analgesics for relieving

The OA is E

391. A, B, and D are all out because "their" is ambiguous--it could refer to analgesics, disturbances, or patients.

C creates an unclear modifier--"which" most naturally attaches to the closest noun "patients." But the modifying phrase "which may limit. . ." is meant to describe not the patients, but the disturbances.

E avoids trouble with either pronouns or modification, even though it is rather wordy.

As for 378, this really looks to me like it should be B. A, C, and D all contain an illogical comparison between, on the one hand, "feudal Europe," and, on the other hand, "homesteading policies." E goes wrong because it misplaces "in feudal Europe," which should describe the entire first clause of the sentence, not just "countryside."
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02 Oct 2007, 22:06
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king06 wrote:
378. In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that required residency on the land itself in order to obtain eventual ownership.

(A) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that
(B) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside, but in the American West homesteading policies
(C) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the American West’s homesteading policies
(D) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the homesteading policies of the American West
(E) Urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside in feudal Europe, unlike the American West where homesteading policies

This should be B not D. D is wrong comparision.
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02 Oct 2007, 22:08
king06 wrote:
391. In large doses, analgesics that work in the brain as antagonists to certain chemicals have caused psychological disturbances in patients, which may limit their potential to relieve severe pain.
(A) which may limit their potential to relieve
(B) which may limit their potential for relieving
(C) which may limit such analgesics’ potential to relieve
(D) an effect that may limit their potential to relieve
(E) an effect that may limit the potential of such analgesics for relievin

E. this is between D and E but D has pronoun problem cuz we do not what "their" means.
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03 Oct 2007, 21:29
Thank you, guys
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Re: Can you help me to explain the answer for questions 378, [#permalink]

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03 Oct 2007, 23:19
king06 wrote:
378. In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that required residency on the land itself in order to obtain eventual ownership.
(A) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that
(B) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside, but in the American West homesteading policies
(C) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the American West’s homesteading policies
(D) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the homesteading policies of the American West
(E) Urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside in feudal Europe, unlike the American West where homesteading policies

The OA is D

391. In large doses, analgesics that work in the brain as antagonists to certain chemicals have caused psychological disturbances in patients, which may limit their potential to relieve severe pain.
(A) which may limit their potential to relieve
(B) which may limit their potential for relieving
(C) which may limit such analgesics’ potential to relieve
(D) an effect that may limit their potential to relieve
(E) an effect that may limit the potential of such analgesics for relieving

The OA is E

371. I don't like the OA. It seems we are comparing unlike things here in D.

391. Elim ABC right away for incorrect usage of which.

D: incorrect because their is ambigious.

E: is longer but avoid the ambiguity.
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Re: Can you help me to explain the answer for questions 378, 391 [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2008, 20:12
"for releiving" in E looks awkward
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Re: Can you help me to explain the answer for questions 378, 391 [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2010, 08:33
378. In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that required residency on the land itself in order to obtain eventual ownership.
(A) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that
(B) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside, but in the American West homesteading policies
(C) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the American West’s homesteading policies
(D) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the homesteading policies of the American West
(E) Urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside in feudal Europe, unlike the American West where homesteading policies

The OA is B
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Re: Can you help me to explain the answer for questions 378, 391 [#permalink]

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24 May 2010, 05:08
I think there are some mistakes in B. According to me, the corrected B should be:

(B) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and from WHERE[[strike]which[/strike]] they commuted to farmlands in the countryside, but in the American West, homesteading policies

RaviChandra wrote:
378. In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that required residency on the land itself in order to obtain eventual ownership.
(A) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that
(B) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside, but in the American West homesteading policies
(C) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the American West’s homesteading policies
(D) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the homesteading policies of the American West
(E) Urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside in feudal Europe, unlike the American West where homesteading policies

The OA is B

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Re: Can you help me to explain the answer for questions 378, 391 [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2010, 13:36
In B the comparision is also between feudal Europe and the American West homesteading policies, which is wrong.
Could anybody clarify?
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19 Nov 2010, 22:23
Fistail wrote:
E. this is between D and E but D has pronoun problem cuz we do not what "their" means.

Their perfectly refers to people.
the correct idiom is potential ~ (for / for doing sth) the possibility of sth happening or being developed or used: the potential for change * The European marketplace offers excellent potential for increasing sales. (Oxfrod Dictionary)
So D is out.
Noboru, did you spot in A,B,C "....people , which...." this is plainly wrong. people who and not which or that.
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Re: Can you help me to explain the answer for questions 378, 391 [#permalink]

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04 Dec 2010, 13:37
ykaiim wrote:
I think there are some mistakes in B. According to me, the corrected B should be:

(B) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and from WHERE[[strike]which[/strike]] they commuted to farmlands in the countryside, but in the American West, homesteading policies

RaviChandra wrote:
378. In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that required residency on the land itself in order to obtain eventual ownership.
(A) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, unlike homesteading policies in the American West that
(B) In feudal Europe, urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside, but in the American West homesteading policies
(C) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the American West’s homesteading policies
(D) Unlike feudal Europe where urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived and commuted to farmlands in the countryside, the homesteading policies of the American West
(E) Urban areas developed from clusters of houses where peasants lived from which they commuted to farmlands in the countryside in feudal Europe, unlike the American West where homesteading policies

The OA is B

I second that...all the choices look incorrect in this question...
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Can you help me to explain the answer for questions 378, 391 [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2014, 03:12
for question no 378 : all of them are doing incorrect comparison except B , So b is correct .

391 : which will refers to previous closest noun 'patients' which is wrong A,B,C is out .

between D and E

D is using dangerous their ; 'ambiguous' so 'E' .

Hope it helps
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Can you help me to explain the answer for questions 378, 391   [#permalink] 26 Jun 2014, 03:12
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