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# Canadian scientists have calculated that one human being

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21 Aug 2009, 11:11
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198. Canadian scientists have calculated that one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite, while each year sixteen buildings can be expected to sustain damage from such objects.

(A) one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite
(B) a human being should be struck by a meteorite once in every nine years
(C) a meteorite will strike one human being once in every nine years
(D) every nine years a human being will be struck by a meteorite
(E) every nine years a human being should be struck by a meteorite
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by abhimahna on 19 Mar 2017, 01:51, edited 1 time in total.

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21 Aug 2009, 11:20
Scientists calculate that a human being will be struck, not should be struck. This leaves all but C and D.

I will go with D even though it uses the passive voice because it is most parallel to the un-underlined portion of the sentence.

"Each year buildings can be expected to sustain damage."
"Every 9 years a human will be struck by a meteorite."

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28 Sep 2009, 14:05
i still cant get why SHOULD is wrong?

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28 Sep 2009, 20:52
sagarsabnis wrote:
i still cant get why SHOULD is wrong?

SHOULD is usually used for moral obligation. Usage of SHOULD is way off in this sentence.

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28 Sep 2009, 22:10
IMO D, it is expected/calculated not 100 sure so should is inappropriate here.

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29 Nov 2009, 04:08
noboru wrote:
198. Canadian scientists have calculated that one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite, while each year sixteen buildings can be expected to sustain damage from such objects.

(A) one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite
(B) a human being should be struck by a meteorite once in every nine years
(C) a meteorite will strike one human being once in every nine years
(D) every nine years a human being will be struck by a meteorite
(E) every nine years a human being should be struck by a meteorite

I chose D here as my answer. I disagree that "should" should be used here. We already know that there's uncertainty because the sentence is referring to what the Canadian scientists have calculated. The use of "should" also implies that the meteorite has the purpose of striking human beings, whereas option D makes the strike on humans to look more random. And because this is a prediction, the use of "will" is appropriate.

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01 Dec 2009, 12:30
D is correct. "Should" can only be used for obligations, not for probability. This immediately disqualifies options A, B, and E. For C, the phrase should read "once every nine years."
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03 Dec 2009, 19:08
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'should' is strong - hence eliminate A, B, E (generally we should avoid strong/extreme words in GMAT)
In C 'once' and 'every' are redundant

Hence, D - perfect
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23 May 2010, 10:30
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noboru wrote:
198. Canadian scientists have calculated that one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite, while each year sixteen buildings can be expected to sustain damage from such objects.

(A) one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite
(B) a human being should be struck by a meteorite once in every nine years
(C) a meteorite will strike one human being once in every nine years
(D) every nine years a human being will be struck by a meteorite
(E) every nine years a human being should be struck by a meteorite

1. should is used for liability.
2. a human being is better than one human being because one is very precise as if they are sure exactly one man will be hit. a human being means more like as if on an average one man will be struck
3. will be struck is parallel with can be expected.

So only D left.
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13 Aug 2010, 23:33
The source is 1000 series ...
The answer should be D ..
Comparison ..between two points of time ...every nine year ..and each year....So that leaves D and E ..... I prefer will over Should as we are predicting something !!

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14 Aug 2010, 14:06
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Hey All,

I think they're playing with how you can use "should." I can say "Based on my calculations, the eclipse should occur in summer 2011." But when we leave out that "based on my calculations" part, it gets confusing.

A) This sounds like the same ONE person will get hit by the meteorite (poor guy!).

B) "once in every nine years" is not a saying. You can say "once every nine years", but you can't have that "in".

C) still sounds like the same one guy, with added weirdness.

D) sounds good.

E) Does sound like a recommendation for this poor man.

Hope that helps!

-t
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20 Sep 2010, 15:36
Canadian scientists have calculated that one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite, while each year sixteen buildings can be expected to sustain damage from such objects.

(A) one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite
(B) a human being should be struck by a meteorite once in every nine years
(C) a meteorite will strike one human being once in every nine years
(D) every nine years a human being will be struck by a meteorite
(E) every nine years a human being should be struck by a meteorite

one can easily eliminate the answer options with should as the meteorite strikin the human bein is in no way mandatory..
it is a mere prediction and hence , only will can be used..
among the 2 options havin will.. D sounds good ..plus is idiomatic

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20 Sep 2010, 18:09
I do not quite agree that will is correct. Personally neither -- should or will -- sound correct to me. Do not have any exact reasoning though. Just does not sound right.

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29 Sep 2010, 17:41
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Canadian scientists have calculated that one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite, while each year 16 buildings can be expected to sustain damage from such objects.

(A) one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite
(B) a human being should be struck by a meteorite once in every nine years
(C) a meteorite will strike one human being once in every nine years
(D) every nine years a human being will be struck by a meteorite
(E) every nine years a human being should be struck by a meteorite

[Reveal] Spoiler:
I disagree with the OA. The OA is (D), and the explanation is: "What this sentence says is not what it logically intends. The verb should implies obligation; in this sentence, it indicates that one human being ought to be struck every nine years, as though that person somehow deserved it. The scientists clearly mean that a human being will be struck by a meteorite roughly every nine years." I understand this logic, but completely disagree with it. First of all, "should" does not necessarily imply obligation. It can also refer to something that is expected but not definite - "If the scientists are correct, this should happen." That's in the dictionary. Secondly, by changing it to "WILL be struck," you are changing the meaning of the sentence to state that the scientists know, without a doubt, that someone will be struck by a meteorite every nine years. However, the second part of the sentence, "while each year 16 buildings can be expected to sustain damage from such objects," makes it clear that the scientists do not KNOW that these are definite things, but rather that they are EXPECTED things. "Should" is the correct word to use. You could replace it with some other things, like "will probably" or "most likely will", but not just "will". That changes the inherent meaning to something more definite than actually intended.

Thoughts?

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29 Sep 2010, 20:38
I use POE and went with D.

Use of 'one human being' is awkward. So we can eliminate A & C.

Next I looked for some kind of parallelism.
Canadian scientists have calculated that every nine years...........while each year.....

We are left with D & E.
'will be struck' is correct compared to 'should be struck'

So D.
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29 Sep 2010, 21:21
I went with option D. Narrowed down on C and D. In option C - "will strike one human being" sounded strange.

'should' sounds like there is an obligation for the meteorite. 'will' sounded just right for me.
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29 Sep 2010, 22:05
D

Scientists are predicting something => will provides better choice than should
C & D alone has this construct
C has => once in every nine years - redundant.
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29 Sep 2010, 22:30
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TehJay,
This is one of those SC areas where our ear leads us astray. We hear people say things like "If my calculations are correct, we should arrive 10 minutes early." In GMAT world, however, "should" implies obligation and can't be used to express probability. This is one of those idiomatic things you just have to memorize, but I think the more important issue with this problem is the split that allows you to narrow your choices down to D and E.
Great debate on this one!
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29 Sep 2010, 23:24
the ans is D
TehJay wrote:
Canadian scientists have calculated that one human being should be struck every nine years by a meteorite, while each year 16 buildings can be expected to sustain damage from such objects.

(A)
(B) a human being should be struck by a meteorite once in every nine years
(C) a meteorite will strike one human being once in every nine years
(D) every nine years a human being will be struck by a meteorite
(E) every nine years a human being should be struck by a meteorite

as discussed will be is preferred over should be as should be sounds like obligation

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29 Sep 2010, 23:37
Also looking at the structure of the second part of the question "each year 16 buildings can be expected to sustain damage from such objects" , the option

(D) every nine years a human being will be struck by a meteorite

is structurally similar.

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Re: Canadian scientists have calculated that one human being   [#permalink] 29 Sep 2010, 23:37

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