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13 Jan 2011, 08:17
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

32% (03:11) correct 68% (02:03) wrong based on 305 sessions

Candidate: The government spends $500 more each year promoting highway safety than it spends combating cigarette smoking. But each year many more people die from smoking smoking-related diseases than die highway accidents. So the government would save lives by shifting funds from highway safety programs to antismoking programs. The flawed reasoning in which one of the following arguments most closely parallels the flawed reasoning in the candidate's argument? A. The government enforces the speed limit on freeways much more closely than on tollways. But many more people die each year in auto accidents on freeways than die on auto accidents on tollways. So the government would save lives by shifting funds from enforcement of speed limits on freeways to enforcement of speed limits on tollways. B. A certain professional musician spends several times as many hours practicing guitar as she spends practicing saxophone. But she is hired much more often to play saxophone than to play guitar, so she would increase her number of playing engagements by spending less time practicing guitar and more time practicing saxophone. C. Automobiles burn more gas per minute on highways than on residential streets. But they get fewer miles per gallon on residential streets. Therefore, gas would be saved by driving less on residential streets Therefore, gas would be saved by driving less on residential streets and more on highways. D. The local swim team spends many more hours practicing the backstroke than it spends practicing the breaststroke. But the team's lap time for the breaststroke are much better than its times for the backstroke, so the team would win more swim meets if it spent less time practicing the backstroke and more time practicing the breaststroke. E. Banks have higher profit margin on loans that have a higher interest rate than on loans that have a low interest rate. But borrowers are willing to borrow larger sums at low rates than at high rates. Therefore, bankds would be more profitable if they gave more loans at low rates and fewer loans at high rates. [Reveal] Spoiler: OA _________________ My Post Invites Discussions not answers Try to give back something to the Forum.I want your explanations, right now ! Please let me know your opinion about the Chandigarh Gmat Centrehttp://gmatclub.com/forum/gmat-experience-at-chandigarh-india-centre-111830.html If you have any questions you can ask an expert New! Verbal Forum Moderator Joined: 31 Jan 2010 Posts: 488 WE 1: 4 years Tech Followers: 13 Kudos [?]: 149 [0], given: 149 Re: Parallel Reasoning [#permalink] ### Show Tags 13 Jan 2011, 08:22 First I tried to identify the Flaw in the reasoning and then tried to find an option which had an identical flaw The government spends$500 more each year promoting highway safety than it spends combating cigarette smoking. But each year many more people die from smoking smoking-related diseases than die highway accidents. So the government would save lives by shifting funds from highway safety programs to antismoking programs.
The argument overlooks the possiblity that less fatalities on the Highways could have been a result of the extra funds that the govt spends on the Highways
But i didnt find any option which had an identical Flaw so at the end with D .
Can Someone help me understand this pt.
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Re: Parallel Reasoning [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2011, 23:24
My answer is A..I think its very clear.
But the OA is given as B.
Can anyone explain the reasoning behind this.??
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Re: Parallel Reasoning [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2011, 18:45

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03 Feb 2016, 16:16
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09 Feb 2017, 01:56
I am confused between B and C. Why is C incorrect?
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12 Feb 2017, 06:36
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sayantanc2k wrote:
Shreyaa21 wrote:
I am confused between B and C. Why is C incorrect?

The passage is about a choice between two options - it suggests that the choice should be made on the basis of the return that would be possible by investing in that option. But the flaw in this argument could be a wrong estimation of the return. It is possible that the anti-smoking investment would not be able influence people as effectively as a high-way safety campaign does so the reduction in number of deaths as expected would not be achieved.

Option B shows a similar flaw - the investment (time of practicing) in saxophone may not bring in the return (more engagements) one estimates. It is possible that the people who come to listen to saxophone programs is already nearly at its peak level. Further betterment of the saxophone skill may not draw more listeners as expected.

Thus B is similar to the passage.

However you would not be able to find such a flaw in option C. If you drive on highways you would definitely save more fuel. There is no flaw in this.

Another way of looking at the problem:
The passage and option B are about making a choice. But option C is not about making a choice - if a person needs to travel to a different city, he would require to take a highway and if he wants to go to the market, he has to take residential streets. There is no choice involved in option C - if someone wants to go to market, he cannot take a highway and if one wants to go to a different city, he cannot take residential streets.

Also, abstraction is the key here, problem D has the same abstraction as the passage, but there is no flaw in the choice D,
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