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Categorized as a “red” volcano as a result of the lava that periodical

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Categorized as a “red” volcano as a result of the lava that periodical  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 Dec 2018, 03:12
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Categorized as a “red” volcano as a result of the lava that periodically spews from its crater, a depression measuring 2,100 feet across and 750 feet deep, many cataclysmic explosions have been associated with Mt. Vesuvius since the volcano’s most famous eruption in 79 A.D.


(A) many cataclysmic explosions have been associated with Mt. Vesuvius since the volcano’s most famous eruption in 79 A.D.

(B) they have associated many cataclysmic explosions with Mt. Vesuvius since its most famous eruption in 79 A.D.

(C) many cataclysmic explosions were associated with Mt. Vesuvius since its most famous eruption in 79 A.D.

(D) Mt. Vesuvius has exploded cataclysmically many times since its most famous eruption in 79 A.D.

(E) Mt. Vesuvius has erupted cataclysmically many times since its most famous one in 79 AD

Originally posted by parijit on 22 Dec 2018, 21:10.
Last edited by Bunuel on 23 Dec 2018, 03:12, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Categorized as a “red” volcano as a result of the lava that periodical  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2018, 16:42
Can someone clarify why it’s “D” and not “E”?

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Re: Categorized as a “red” volcano as a result of the lava that periodical  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Dec 2018, 18:50
(E) Mt. Vesuvius has erupted cataclysmically many times since its most famous one in 79 AD

Use of one here is wrong.
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Re: Categorized as a “red” volcano as a result of the lava that periodical  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2018, 03:18
a depression measuring 2,100 feet across and 750 feet deep - this entire noun phrase is an appositive and hence can be ignored. This phrases simply describes crate.
Opening Verb-ed modified modifies the noun or noun phrase right after the modifier. Hence, this modified must modify a volcano. Only Option D & E eliminates this modifier error.

(A) many cataclysmic explosions have been associated with Mt. Vesuvius since the volcano’s most famous eruption in 79 A.D.
1. Modifier Error as stated abolve.

(B) they have associated many cataclysmic explosions with Mt. Vesuvius since its most famous eruption in 79 A.D.
1. Modifier Error as stated abolve.
2. Pronoun Error: Pronoun they do no have an antecedent.

(C) many cataclysmic explosions were associated with Mt. Vesuvius since its most famous eruption in 79 A.D.
1. Modifier Error as stated abolve.
2. Tense Error: Usage of past tense were is incorrect with since; instead we must use present perfect.

(D) Mt. Vesuvius has exploded cataclysmically many times since its most famous eruption in 79 A.D.
The opening modifier correctly modifies Mt. Vesuvius. The usage of present perfect tense is correct in this case.

(E) Mt. Vesuvius has erupted cataclysmically many times since its most famous one in 79 AD
The Modifier & Tense errors do not exist in this option.
Pronoun Error: 'One' does not have a antecedent. It might appear that one denotes eruption but the word eruption is not present in the sentence; instead the verb erupted is present but as per Grammar rules a pronoun can only refer to a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun and not a verb.
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Categorized as a “red” volcano as a result of the lava that periodical  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Dec 2018, 03:34
Categorized as a “red” volcano as a result of the lava that periodically spews from its crater, a depression measuring 2,100 feet across and 750 feet deep, (Describes Crater) many cataclysmic explosions(The red volcano is cataclysmic explosion?- does not make sense, Mt Vesuvius should be modified by the Phrase containing "Red Volcano") have been associated with Mt. Vesuvius since the volcano’s most famous eruption in 79 A.D.


(A) many cataclysmic explosions have been associated with Mt. Vesuvius since the volcano’s most famous eruption in 79 A.D. Incorrect

(B) they have associated many cataclysmic explosions with Mt. Vesuvius since its most famous eruption in 79 A.D. Incorrect

(C) many cataclysmic explosions were associated with Mt. Vesuvius since its most famous eruption in 79 A.D. Incorrect

(D) Mt. Vesuvius has exploded cataclysmically many times since its most famous eruption in 79 A.D. Correct

(E) Mt. Vesuvius has erupted cataclysmically many times since its most famous one in 79 AD "One" should identify with a noun (Eruption, Not erupted)
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Categorized as a “red” volcano as a result of the lava that periodical   [#permalink] 29 Dec 2018, 03:34
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