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# Central armed constabulary hires only those who have a black

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Manager
Joined: 13 May 2010
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Central armed constabulary hires only those who have a black  [#permalink]

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04 Jun 2010, 02:10
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(N/A)

Question Stats:

63% (01:32) correct 38% (01:08) wrong based on 90 sessions

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. Central armed constabulary hires only those who have a black belt in either karate or judo, and a high school diploma and no criminal record. Peter, who possesses black belts in both karate and judo, applied for a job at the Constabulary, but was not hired. This meant that he either failed to earn a high school diploma or has some form of criminal record.
The sections in boldface above play what role in the sentence?
A. The first part is background information relevant to the conclusion, and the second part is a conclusion that is logically valid.
B. The first part is background information relevant to the conclusion, and the second part is a conclusion that is not necessarily valid.
C. The first part is a premise necessary to draw the conclusion, and the second part is a premise unrelated to the first premise.
D. The first part is a question, the second part is an answer to the question posed in the first part.
E. The first part is a question, the second part is a conclusion that is not necessarily valid.

I have marked
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Joined: 17 Feb 2010
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07 Jun 2010, 09:49
Please highlight the statements which are boldfaced.
Manager
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05 Oct 2010, 20:50
Please Highlight it otherwise it is of no use.
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13 Feb 2011, 22:20
According to the OA boldfaced parts must be "Central armed constabulary hires only those who have a black belt in either karate or judo, and a high school diploma and no criminal record." and "This meant that he either failed to earn a high school diploma or has some form of criminal record."
Senior Manager
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15 Mar 2011, 09:10
Central armed constabulary hires only those who have a black belt in either karate or judo, and a high school diploma and no criminal record. Peter, who possesses black belts in both karate and judo, applied for a job at the Constabulary, but was not hired. This meant that he either failed to earn a high school diploma or has some form of criminal record.
The sections in boldface above play what role in the sentence?
A. The first part is background information relevant to the conclusion, and the second part is a conclusion that is logically valid.
B. The first part is background information relevant to the conclusion, and the second part is a conclusion that is not necessarily valid.
C. The first part is a premise necessary to draw the conclusion, and the second part is a premise unrelated to the first premise.
D. The first part is a question, the second part is an answer to the question posed in the first part.
E. The first part is a question, the second part is a conclusion that is not necessarily valid.
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15 Mar 2011, 12:26
I too think it should be B. A could be correct but we don't know if this conclusion has been logically drawn. Hence,my choice is B.

C,D and E are definitely ruled out.
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13 Sep 2011, 07:15
B because there maybe a 3rd reason due to which he was rejected...
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14 Sep 2011, 07:27
A it is ... Out of the three conditions, Peter satisfies one condition. So, he must not have got some criminal record or no degree..
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14 Sep 2011, 10:44
I would pick A too..The wording "This meant" seals the deal that it is a conclusion which can be drawn from the previous stated sentences..
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14 Sep 2011, 18:37
+1 for B.

The argument just states the requirements.

If Constabulary hired somebody --> a black belt in either karate or judo AND a high school diploma AND no criminal record.

This does not necessarily mean if a person fulfills alll the requirements he will be hired. It is possible that there were more eligible candidates than positions (meaning some people who fulfill the requirements would be left out).

The logical validity can also be tested by using formal logic.

Sufficient --> Necessary
Constabulary hired somebody --> He fulfilled requirements. -- Given
~Constabulary hired somebody --> ~He fulfilled requirements. --Conclusion ==> Incorrect, this is false negation (the correct logic is ~ Necessary -> ~Sufficient)
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24 Sep 2011, 21:11
gmatpapa wrote:
Central armed constabulary hires only those who have a black belt in either karate or judo, and a high school diploma and no criminal record. Peter, who possesses black belts in both karate and judo, applied for a job at the Constabulary, but was not hired. This meant that he either failed to earn a high school diploma or has some form of criminal record.
The sections in boldface above play what role in the sentence?
A. The first part is background information relevant to the conclusion, and the second part is a conclusion that is logically valid.
B. The first part is background information relevant to the conclusion, and the second part is a conclusion that is not necessarily valid.
C. The first part is a premise necessary to draw the conclusion, and the second part is a premise unrelated to the first premise.
D. The first part is a question, the second part is an answer to the question posed in the first part.
E. The first part is a question, the second part is a conclusion that is not necessarily valid.

The organisational body (Central armed constabulary) hires only...i.e. conditional.

What are these conditions?
1. possess black belt in Judo or karate
2. high school diploma
3. no criminal record

Peter fulfilled condition [1], yet was not hired. --> highly likely that he failed to fulfill condition [2] or [3].
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Manager
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24 Sep 2011, 21:39
A. The first part is background information relevant to the conclusion, and the second part is a conclusion that is logically valid.
--> the first part is the premise(fact) for the conclusion to be true. the second part is valid conclusion because if he is not hired even though he has black belt in judo and karate. that means there is possibility that the other two essential criteria have not been fulfilled.

B. The first part is background information relevant to the conclusion, and the second part is a conclusion that is not necessarily valid.

this is incorrect because the conclusion is a valid one.....
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24 Sep 2011, 21:48
Picked B. but still confused between A and B.

"Logically Valid" - in option A makes it a strong choice.

Cheers!
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26 Sep 2011, 21:12
I will also go for A. Whats the OA?
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Re: Central armed constabulary hires only those who have a black  [#permalink]

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16 Jan 2012, 22:38
Hey,

My choice 'B'

can someone coherently plz explain why choice 'A' is the OA over 'B'.

my understanding is that, as per the conclusion stated Peter did not make the cut because he might have not possessed the diploma or has some form of criminal record. If the conclusion has to logically follow then he could have failed in one of the above criteria. But, if peter has failed to meet both the criteria i.e he doesn't have the diploma and also has the criminal record then still he will not make the cut. In which case the conclusion doesn't logically follow.
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Re: Central armed constabulary hires only those who have a black  [#permalink]

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25 Jan 2012, 08:31
Vote for B
If those guys hire only those kinda people it doesn't mean ALL those kinda people. I think they only accept guys with that requirenvents
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Re: Central armed constabulary hires only those who have a black  [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2017, 18:36
This is my take on the question. Please let me know i my method is correct. B1- talks about the necessities to apply for the post
B2 - Talks about the reason why peter was not selected. Options B /C / E all say that the second part is invalidated or not necessarily valid . hence all these options are incorrect. Now between A and D , D says that the first part is a question but it is just suggesting the background information. So answer is A
Re: Central armed constabulary hires only those who have a black &nbs [#permalink] 23 Nov 2017, 18:36
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