Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural

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Senior Manager
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Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2007, 23:46
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Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural products in order to guarantee an adequate domestic production of them. But subsidies encourage more intensive farming, which eventually leads to soil exhaustion and drastically reduced yields.

The situation above is most nearly similar to which one of the following situations with respect to the relationship between the declared intent of a government practice and a circumstance relevant to it?

(A) Certain governments subsidize theaters in order to attract foreign tourists. But tourists rarely choose a destination for the theatrical performances it has to offer.

(B) Certain governments restrict imports in order to keep domestic producers in business. But, since domestic producers do not have to face the full force of foreign competition, some domestic producers are able to earn inordinately high profits.

(C) Certain governments build strong armed forces in order to maintain the sort of discipline and morale that keeps armed forces strong, those forces must be used in actual combat periodically.

(D) Certain governments reduce taxes on business ventures are not always as successful as their owners hoped.

(E) Certain governments pass traffic laws in order to make travel safer. But the population-driven growth in volumes of traffic often has the effect of making travel less safe despite the passage of new traffic laws.
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06 Jan 2007, 03:04
I thought this was pretty tough. Finally chose C.

The situation is like this:

Govt takes action with good intent.
The actual effect however, is not that good.

mm007 wrote:
Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural products in order to guarantee an adequate domestic production of them. But subsidies encourage more intensive farming, which eventually leads to soil exhaustion and drastically reduced yields.

The situation above is most nearly similar to which one of the following situations with respect to the relationship between the declared intent of a government practice and a circumstance relevant to it?

(A) Certain governments subsidize theaters in order to attract foreign tourists. But tourists rarely choose a destination for the theatrical performances it has to offer.
tourists are not in anyway adversely affected because of the action of the govt.

(B) Certain governments restrict imports in order to keep domestic producers in business. But, since domestic producers do not have to face the full force of foreign competition, some domestic producers are able to earn inordinately high profits.
So, the effect is actually good for domestic producers, no adverse effect seen.

(C) Certain governments build strong armed forces in order to maintain the sort of discipline and morale that keeps armed forces strong, those forces must be used in actual combat periodically.
The effect is having to combat regularly. That can't be good?

(D) Certain governments reduce taxes on business ventures are not always as successful as their owners hoped.
This was up to the business venture to do well or not. That was not an effect of the govt reduction of taxes

(E) Certain governments pass traffic laws in order to make travel safer. But the population-driven growth in volumes of traffic often has the effect of making travel less safe despite the passage of new traffic laws.
population driven growth not a result of the traffic laws.
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06 Jan 2007, 03:17
hsampath wrote:
I thought this was pretty tough. Finally chose C.

The situation is like this:

Govt takes action with good intent.
The actual effect however, is not that good.

mm007 wrote:
Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural products in order to guarantee an adequate domestic production of them. But subsidies encourage more intensive farming, which eventually leads to soil exhaustion and drastically reduced yields.

The situation above is most nearly similar to which one of the following situations with respect to the relationship between the declared intent of a government practice and a circumstance relevant to it?

(A) Certain governments subsidize theaters in order to attract foreign tourists. But tourists rarely choose a destination for the theatrical performances it has to offer.
tourists are not in anyway adversely affected because of the action of the govt.

(B) Certain governments restrict imports in order to keep domestic producers in business. But, since domestic producers do not have to face the full force of foreign competition, some domestic producers are able to earn inordinately high profits.
So, the effect is actually good for domestic producers, no adverse effect seen.

(C) Certain governments build strong armed forces in order to maintain the sort of discipline and morale that keeps armed forces strong, those forces must be used in actual combat periodically.
The effect is having to combat regularly. That can't be good?

(D) Certain governments reduce taxes on business ventures are not always as successful as their owners hoped.
This was up to the business venture to do well or not. That was not an effect of the govt reduction of taxes

(E) Certain governments pass traffic laws in order to make travel safer. But the population-driven growth in volumes of traffic often has the effect of making travel less safe despite the passage of new traffic laws.
population driven growth not a result of the traffic laws.

The question does nt seem to be perfect. In C, we shoud see that using armed forces in combat is reducing the sort of discipline and morale that keeps armed forces strong. But that does nt seem to be the case in C. No?
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06 Jan 2007, 08:00
mm007 I don't think your choices are complete

Here are the correct choices
(A) Certain governments subsidize theaters in order to attract foreign tourists. But tourists rarely choose a destination for the theatrical performances it has to offer.
(B) Certain governments restrict imports in order to keep domestic producers in business. But, since domestic producers do not have to face the full force of foreign competition, some domestic producers are able to earn inordinately high profits.
(C) Certain governments build strong armed forces in order to forestall armed conflict, but in order to maintain the sort of discipline and morale that keeps armed forces strong, those forces must be used in actual combat periodically.
(D) Certain governments reduce taxes on business in order to stimulate private investment. But any investment is to some extent a gamble, and new business ventures are not always as successful as their owners hoped.
(E) Certain governments pass traffic laws in order to make travel safer. But the population-driven growth in volumes of traffic often has the effect of making travel less safe despite the passage of new traffic laws.

Based on these C it is

C has the opposite result of what is intended, so is in the original argument
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06 Jan 2007, 08:46
Agreed. That is why I did not think it was the answer on first pass. However, having seen all other answer choices, this came the closest.

aurobindo wrote:
hsampath wrote:
I thought this was pretty tough. Finally chose C.

The situation is like this:

Govt takes action with good intent.
The actual effect however, is not that good.

mm007 wrote:
Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural products in order to guarantee an adequate domestic production of them. But subsidies encourage more intensive farming, which eventually leads to soil exhaustion and drastically reduced yields.

The situation above is most nearly similar to which one of the following situations with respect to the relationship between the declared intent of a government practice and a circumstance relevant to it?

(A) Certain governments subsidize theaters in order to attract foreign tourists. But tourists rarely choose a destination for the theatrical performances it has to offer.
tourists are not in anyway adversely affected because of the action of the govt.

(B) Certain governments restrict imports in order to keep domestic producers in business. But, since domestic producers do not have to face the full force of foreign competition, some domestic producers are able to earn inordinately high profits.
So, the effect is actually good for domestic producers, no adverse effect seen.

(C) Certain governments build strong armed forces in order to maintain the sort of discipline and morale that keeps armed forces strong, those forces must be used in actual combat periodically.
The effect is having to combat regularly. That can't be good?

(D) Certain governments reduce taxes on business ventures are not always as successful as their owners hoped.
This was up to the business venture to do well or not. That was not an effect of the govt reduction of taxes

(E) Certain governments pass traffic laws in order to make travel safer. But the population-driven growth in volumes of traffic often has the effect of making travel less safe despite the passage of new traffic laws.
population driven growth not a result of the traffic laws.

The question does nt seem to be perfect. In C, we shoud see that using armed forces in combat is reducing the sort of discipline and morale that keeps armed forces strong. But that does nt seem to be the case in C. No?
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07 Jan 2007, 08:52
The stem is about a policy that has an eventual effect opposite to the one initially intended. The only plausible answer choices are C and E. C is actually closer to the stem so itÂ´s the best answer.
Re: CR_Certain governments subsidize...   [#permalink] 07 Jan 2007, 08:52
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