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# Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural

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Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2009
Posts: 307
Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural [#permalink]

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01 Mar 2010, 11:44
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Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural products in order to guarantee an adequate domestic production of them. But subsidies encourage more intensive farming, which eventually leads to soil exhaustion and drastically reduced yields.
The situation above is most nearly similar to which one of the following situations with respect to the relationship between the declared intent of a government practice and a circumstance relevant to it?
(A) Certain governments subsidize theaters in order to attract foreign tourists. But tourists rarely choose a destination for the theatrical performances it has to offer.
(B) Certain governments restrict imports in order to keep domestic producers in business. But, since domestic producers do not have to face the full force of foreign competition, some domestic producers are able to earn inordinately high profits.
(C) Certain governments build strong armed forces in order to forestall armed conflict, but in order to maintain the sort of discipline and morale that keeps armed forces strong, those forces must be used in actual combat periodically.
(D) Certain governments reduce taxes on business in order to stimulate private investment. But any investment is to some extent a gamble, and new business ventures are not always as successful as their owners hoped.
(E) Certain governments pass traffic laws in order to make travel safer. But the population-driven growth in volumes of traffic often has the effect of making travel less safe despite the passage of new traffic laws.

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

Please explain why B is not OA here?
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01 Mar 2010, 15:42
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Subsidies are meant to increase yields, but in the long term directly cause their decrease; the most similar in reasoning is (C), which has forces intended to maintain peace end up requiring armed conflict. Both are similar in reasoning becasue both describe a course of action having the opposite of its intended effect.. (B) goes from "some profit" to "too much profit," and so is not parallel to the other two.

Note also that the "most similar in reasoning" question type is extremely rare on the GMAT. I have seen such questions before, so they are worth looking at, but an average LSAT will have about four of these, compared to the average GMAT which probably has about 0.5. Be careful when using LSAT materials as they may give you a skewed sense of priorities!
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Joined: 24 Jul 2009
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02 Mar 2010, 13:40
vaivish1723 wrote:
Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural products in order to guarantee an adequate domestic production of them. But subsidies encourage more intensive farming, which eventually leads to soil exhaustion and drastically reduced yields.
The situation above is most nearly similar to which one of the following situations with respect to the relationship between the declared intent of a government practice and a circumstance relevant to it?
(A) Certain governments subsidize theaters in order to attract foreign tourists. But tourists rarely choose a destination for the theatrical performances it has to offer.
(B) Certain governments restrict imports in order to keep domestic producers in business. But, since domestic producers do not have to face the full force of foreign competition, some domestic producers are able to earn inordinately high profits.
(C) Certain governments build strong armed forces in order to forestall armed conflict, but in order to maintain the sort of discipline and morale that keeps armed forces strong, those forces must be used in actual combat periodically.
(D) Certain governments reduce taxes on business in order to stimulate private investment. But any investment is to some extent a gamble, and new business ventures are not always as successful as their owners hoped.
(E) Certain governments pass traffic laws in order to make travel safer. But the population-driven growth in volumes of traffic often has the effect of making travel less safe despite the passage of new traffic laws.

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
c

Please explain why B is not OA here?

IMO, the most important thing here is to understand that the action taken by the government is actually hampering the objective in the long run rather than achieving it. So we have to find an option where, an action intended to a have a desired effect actually nullify/negates the effect.

In B. government is trying to restrict imports in order to keep domestic producers in business and some domestic businesses are making a profitable business. so an action intended to a have a desired effect do not nullify/negates the effect.
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Joined: 26 Nov 2009
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04 Mar 2010, 21:32
(B) Certain governments restrict imports in order to keep domestic producers in business. But, since domestic producers do not have to face the full force of foreign competition, some domestic producers are able to earn inordinately high profits.
(C) Certain governments build strong armed forces in order to forestall armed conflict, but in order to maintain the sort of discipline and morale that keeps armed forces strong, those forces must be used in actual combat periodically.

question: government action->subsidize-> domestic production backfires due to intensive farming

ans b : government action ->restrict imports to keep domestic producers in business it gives more returns to domestic producers

so ans B is not correct

C)armed forces to avoid conflict but to keep them strong they require combat periodically

thought not my fav. choice only it comes close
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Joined: 21 Dec 2010
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07 May 2011, 06:20
the reasoning in C is justified , the measure taken to avoid an event , becomes a catalyst for that event itself.got this one totally wrong.
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11 May 2011, 02:01
Its a C,which fits the pattern
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Re: Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2016, 13:47
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Certain governments subsidize certain basic agricultural   [#permalink] 08 Feb 2016, 13:47
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