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# Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because

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Intern
Joined: 21 Jul 2009
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Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 08 Oct 2018, 12:51
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95% (hard)

Question Stats:

42% (01:55) correct 58% (02:07) wrong based on 448 sessions

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Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because they have opposed government action to limit global warming by undermining scientific research that characterizes the issue as severe. However, these same oil companies have also invested millions of dollars in scientific research to address the long term effects of climate change.

Which of the following best explains the apparent discrepancy in the situation described above?

A.) The oil companies only recently began investing in scientific research to address climate change issues.
B.) The research dollars invested by the oil companies are specifically earmarked for developing practical technologies that might be used to combat global warming.
C.) The government action opposed by the oil companies would negatively impact their profits.
D.) The scientific research that characterizes global warming as a severe problem has not been definitively proven.
E.) The oil companies don't believe that any scientific research related to climate change will ultimately serve their interests.

I can't for the life of me figure out how the OA makes any sense - just want to see if anyone else will get it.

Originally posted by understudy on 27 Jul 2009, 22:39.
Last edited by Skywalker18 on 08 Oct 2018, 12:51, edited 1 time in total.
Manager
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GMAT Date: 10-22-2012
Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 07:47
4
10
Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because they have opposed government action to
limit global warming by undermining scientific research that characterizes the issue as severe. However, these
same oil companies have also invested millions of dollars in scientific research to address the long term effects of
climate change. Which of the following best explains the apparent discrepancy in the situation described above?

A The oil companies only recently began investing in scientific research to address climate change issues.

B The research dollars invested by the oil companies are specifically earmarked for developing practical technologies
that might be used to combat global warming.

C The government action opposed by the oil companies would negatively impact their profits.

D
The scientific research that characterizes global warming as a severe problem has not been definitively proven.

E The oil companies don’t believe that any scientific research related to climate change will ultimately serve their
interests.

##### General Discussion
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Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2012, 09:26
6
Premise 1- Oil Companies - Poor Corporate Citizen because they oppose Govt Action on Global warming which is based on scientific studies that term Global Warming as severe.

Premise 2 - Same companies spend dollars in scientific study to study effects of climatic change.

To solve this discrepancy that Oil Companies are on one hand opposing govt action (to oppose global warming, based on scientific studies) and on the other hand same companies are spending dollars to address Climatic change.

We need some info which can justify this disconnect between money spent by oil companies and where it is spent.

(A) Time duration not sufficient.
(B) Very finely proves that if the Oil companies are putting dollars to find out effects of climatic change then they very well believe that global warming can bring climatic change, thus they cannot refute Govt's action to oppose global warming by undermining the scientific study
(C) Profits. Not related here.
(D) Incorrect because if that scientific study is not proven yet then there is no discrepancy.
(E) What oil companies believe or not does not help solve the discrepancy.
Manager
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Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2009, 07:27
2

While D might be tempting, it will not help answer both the contradictory premises. 1) Undermining Government by saying that the global warming is severe 2) spending millions of dollars in research in long term effect of climate change

B will answer both of these discripiencies, since companies still do not change their position from undermining govt, at the same time invest money on further research.
The research dollars invested by the oil companies are specifically earmarked for developing practical technologies that might be used to combat global warming.

D) The scientific research that characterizes global warming as a severe problem has not been definitively proven. - this will give us the reason for the "undermining of govt" but doesnt give a reason for companies to invest.
Manager
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Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 09:58
2
the official Explaination is as follows:
The passage describes an apparent discrepancy. On the one hand oil companies
undermine scientific research that portrays global warming as a severe problem,
presumably because this research will lead to government action that might harm
the companies' profits. On the other hand, these same companies invest millions
of dollars in climate change research. The correct answer must provide a motive
for the companies to invest in certain research related to global warming.
(A) This choice establishes a time frame for when the oil companies began
investing research dollars. However, it does not provide a reason as to why they
would make this investment.
(B) CORRECT. This choice provides a motive for companies to invest in global
warming research. If the research is specifically geared at developing
technologies used to combat global warming, this research represents a longterm
strategy for finding new ways for the companies to profit. This is in contrast
with the research that the oil companies oppose - research focused on the
severity and immediacy of the issue, a focus which might lead to government
action that could have a negative impact on the profitability of the oil companies
in the short term.
(C) The fact that the government action would negatively affect the oil companies
explains why they would oppose this scientific research. It does not provide a
reason why they would also invest in scientific research related to global
warming.
(D) The fact that the scientific data related to the severity of global warming is not
definitive does not provide a reason as to why oil companies would invest
millions of dollars in research that accepts that global warming will have longterm
affects.
(E) If oil companies didn't believe that any scientific research related to climate
change will serve their interests, there would be no reason for them to invest any
money in such research.
Manager
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Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2009, 10:47
1
my choice too was B

To begin its easy to boil down to two options B & E. in case of E its says that companies believe that NO scientific research wold be beneficial. this is too extreme poison which does not correspond with argument that they invest in research for long term effects . . else why would they invest. so this option does not work.

now we are left with B and that's the answer. (though justifying B is a bit difficult, process of elimination worked for me)
Manager
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Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2009, 14:43
1
I went with D as well - this one is a toughie

OA is B

Explained by -
This choice provides a motive for companies to invest in global warming research. If the research is specifically geared at developing technologies used to combat global warming, this research represents a long-term strategy for finding new ways for the companies to profit. This is in contrast with the research that the oil companies oppose - research focused on the severity and immediacy of the issue, a focus which might lead to government action that could have a negative impact on the profitability of the oil companies in the short term.
Intern
Joined: 26 Aug 2010
Posts: 49
Location: India
Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2010, 05:24
1
Wats the OA?
Manager
Joined: 22 Dec 2011
Posts: 207
Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 09:41
1
hermit84 wrote:
Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because they have opposed government action to
limit global warming by undermining scientific research that characterizes the issue as severe. However, these
same oil companies have also invested millions of dollars in scientific research to address the long term effects of
climate change. Which of the following best explains the apparent discrepancy in the situation described above?
• The oil companies only recently began investing in scientific research to address climate change issues.
• The research dollars invested by the oil companies are specifically earmarked for developing practical technologies
that might be used to combat global warming.
• The government action opposed by the oil companies would negatively impact their profits.
• The scientific research that characterizes global warming as a severe problem has not been definitively proven.
• The oil companies don’t believe that any scientific research related to climate change will ultimately serve their
interests.

I had to chose b/w B and D, and I think D is better, any thoughts, anyone?
How do I eliminate D?

hermit84 - question asks us to explains the apparent discrepancy? So what's the discrepancy? companies have invested millions of dollars in scientific research to address the long term effects of climate change BUT they have opposed government action to limit global warming by undermining scientific research that characterizes the issue as severe
so the correct answer should tie both sides of the argument i.e give us a rational as to why company did both the stuff, which is sort of contradictory to begin with. Now Option D says "The scientific research that characterizes global warming as a severe problem has not been definitively proven" Does it answer why Companies oppose the G's research - NO? Does it answer why they invested in their own research ? - NO so this is Out of scope...
Even if this answer choice answers 1 of the question also it CANNOT BE the correct answer, as the right answer should EXPLAIN BOTH SIDES, which is very important!

please let me know in case of any questions... cheers
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Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2015, 20:42
1
2
This question is part of the GMAT Club Critical Reasoning : Paradox Revision Project.

Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because they have opposed government action to limit global warming by undermining scientific research that characterizes the issue as severe. However, these same oil companies have also invested millions of dollars in scientific research to address the long term effects of climate change. Which of the following best explains the apparent discrepancy in the situation described above?

A. The oil companies only recently began investing in scientific research to address climate change issues.

B. The research dollars invested by the oil companies are specifically earmarked for developing practical technologies that might be used to combat global warming.

C. The government action opposed by the oil companies would negatively impact their profits.

D. The scientific research that characterizes global warming as a severe problem has not been definitively proven.

E. The oil companies don’t believe that any scientific research related to climate change will ultimately serve their interests.
_________________
Manager
Joined: 14 Jun 2009
Posts: 60
Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2009, 07:15
A,C and E>>i think are irrelevant.

was stuck b/w B and D....

i go for B...OA plzzz..
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Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2009, 07:24
understudy wrote:
Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because they have opposed government action to limit global warming by undermining scientific research that characterizes the issue as severe. However, these same oil companies have also invested millions of dollars in scientific research to address the long term effects of climate change.

Which of the following best explains the apparent discrepancy in the situation described above?

A.) The oil companies only recently began investing in scientific research to address climate change issues.
B.) The research dollars invested by the oil companies are specifically earmarked for developing practical technologies that might be used to combat global warming.
C.) The government action opposed by the oil companies would negatively impact their profits.
D.) The scientific research that characterizes global warming as a severe problem has not been definitively proven.
E.) The oil companies don't believe that any scientific research related to climate change will ultimately serve their interests.

I can't for the life of me figure out how the OA makes any sense - just want to see if anyone else will get it.

A) MAYBE. The companies might have started investing due to the criticism.
B) MAYBE. In a way if they are doing "just enough" to not make the problem as severe so they can show people that due to their "advancement" the problem is not that severe
C) irrelevant. does not explain the discrepancy
D) prob not. I dont think they are undermining the research of others if they are doing similar research?
E) no. what's the point of them doing research if they dont believe it?

I think B. If the oil companies are "countering" claims made by researches by researching solutions then the overall problem will be less severe. In a way it is like putting simple patches on a sinking boat - it will make it sink much slower and whenever there is another hole it will be patched up but eventually the patches will not hold for long.
Intern
Joined: 21 Jul 2009
Posts: 26
Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2009, 10:12
OA is B. Good job guys.

Still seems that B simply restates what is already said in the paragraph.
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Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2009, 21:02
Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because they have opposed government action to limit global warming by undermining scientific research that characterizes the issue as severe. However, these same oil companies have also invested millions of dollars in scientific research to address the long term effects of climate change.

Which of the following best explains the apparent discrepancy in the situation described above?

A. The oil companies only recently began investing in scientific research to address climate change issues.
B. The research dollars invested by the oil companies are specifically earmarked for developing practical technologies that might be used to combat global warming.
C. The government action opposed by the oil companies would negatively impact their profits.
D. The scientific research that characterizes global warming as a severe problem has not been definitively proven.
E. The oil companies don't believe that any scientific research related to climate change will ultimately serve their interests.

Manager
Joined: 22 Dec 2011
Posts: 207
Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 00:44
Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because they have opposed government action to
limit global warming by undermining scientific research that characterizes the issue as severe. However, these
same oil companies have also invested millions of dollars in scientific research to address the long term effects of
climate change
. Which of the following best explains the apparent discrepancy in the situation described above?
• The oil companies only recently began investing in scientific research to address climate change issues.
• The research dollars invested by the oil companies are specifically earmarked for developing practical technologies
that might be used to combat global warming.
• The government action opposed by the oil companies would negatively impact their profits.
• The scientific research that characterizes global warming as a severe problem has not been definitively proven.
• The oil companies don’t believe that any scientific research related to climate change will ultimately serve their
interests.

aditi1903 - they key here is the bold part. So option B right.
C oppose G's scientific research because they are not finding sols to the problems but seeing how big the problem is, which is already sever and the results would affect the company further. But the company is finding sol to the problem using their own research that will resolve the problem.
Intern
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Posts: 31
Location: India
Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 09:12
Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because they have opposed government action to
limit global warming by undermining scientific research that characterizes the issue as severe. However, these
same oil companies have also invested millions of dollars in scientific research to address the long term effects of
climate change. Which of the following best explains the apparent discrepancy in the situation described above?
• The oil companies only recently began investing in scientific research to address climate change issues.
• The research dollars invested by the oil companies are specifically earmarked for developing practical technologies
that might be used to combat global warming.
• The government action opposed by the oil companies would negatively impact their profits.
• The scientific research that characterizes global warming as a severe problem has not been definitively proven.
• The oil companies don’t believe that any scientific research related to climate change will ultimately serve their
interests.

I had to chose b/w B and D, and I think D is better, any thoughts, anyone?
How do I eliminate D?
Intern
Joined: 02 Sep 2010
Posts: 31
Location: India
Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2012, 10:26
the official Explaination is as follows:
The passage describes an apparent discrepancy. On the one hand oil companies
undermine scientific research that portrays global warming as a severe problem,
presumably because this research will lead to government action that might harm
the companies' profits. On the other hand, these same companies invest millions
of dollars in climate change research. The correct answer must provide a motive
for the companies to invest in certain research related to global warming.
(A) This choice establishes a time frame for when the oil companies began
investing research dollars. However, it does not provide a reason as to why they
would make this investment.
(B) CORRECT. This choice provides a motive for companies to invest in global
warming research. If the research is specifically geared at developing
technologies used to combat global warming, this research represents a longterm
strategy for finding new ways for the companies to profit. This is in contrast
with the research that the oil companies oppose - research focused on the
severity and immediacy of the issue, a focus which might lead to government
action that could have a negative impact on the profitability of the oil companies
in the short term.
(C) The fact that the government action would negatively affect the oil companies
explains why they would oppose this scientific research. It does not provide a
reason why they would also invest in scientific research related to global
warming.
(D) The fact that the scientific data related to the severity of global warming is not
definitive does not provide a reason as to why oil companies would invest
millions of dollars in research that accepts that global warming will have longterm
affects.
(E) If oil companies didn't believe that any scientific research related to climate
change will serve their interests, there would be no reason for them to invest any
money in such research.

Thanks for OE, I think I got it now.
SVP
Joined: 06 Sep 2013
Posts: 1527
Concentration: Finance
Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2013, 16:45
hogann wrote:
I went with D as well - this one is a toughie

OA is B

Explained by -
This choice provides a motive for companies to invest in global warming research. If the research is specifically geared at developing technologies used to combat global warming, this research represents a long-term strategy for finding new ways for the companies to profit. This is in contrast with the research that the oil companies oppose - research focused on the severity and immediacy of the issue, a focus which might lead to government action that could have a negative impact on the profitability of the oil companies in the short term.

Really? I went with C on this one. But I guess there's no use in explaining my faulty logic
Hope that GMAT questions are a bit less ambiguous than this one.
Good question though,
Cheers!
J
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Schools: XLRI GM"18
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Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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05 Aug 2014, 11:59
Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because they have opposed government action to limit global warming by undermining scientific research that characterizes the issue as severe. However, these same oil companies have also invested millions of dollars in scientific research to address the long term effects of
climate change. Which of the following best explains the apparent discrepancy in the situation described above?

A The oil companies only recently began investing in scientific research to address climate change issues.

B The research dollars invested by the oil companies are specifically earmarked for developing practical technologies that might be used to combat global warming.

C The government action opposed by the oil companies would negatively impact their profits.

D
The scientific research that characterizes global warming as a severe problem has not been definitively proven.

E The oil companies don’t believe that any scientific research related to climate change will ultimately serve their interests.
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Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because  [#permalink]

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07 Mar 2015, 08:11
There are 2 points:
1- scientific research that classifies global warming as severe.
2- oil companies investing millions to address the long term effects.

A- explains 1 but does not explain 2
B- explains 2 but does not explain 1
C- explains 1 but does not explain 2
E- opposes 2
D- correct. If the scientific research is not proven then companies have the right to oppose it(1 explained). Also they start research funded by them to address the long term effects just in case(2 explained).

+1 if correct.

Posted from my mobile device
Re: Certain oil companies have been called poor corporate citizens because   [#permalink] 07 Mar 2015, 08:11

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