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China currently operates the world's second largest economy,

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China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2018, 18:42
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A
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D
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Question Stats:

74% (00:31) correct 26% (00:36) wrong based on 202 sessions

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China currently operates the world's second largest economy, and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's major economies.

A. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's
B. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other
C. and they have the fastest growth rate among the world's
D. and it has the fastest growth rate among the world's
E. and it has the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other

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Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2018, 19:12
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A. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's - Pronoun error

B. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other - Same as A

C. and they have the fastest growth rate among the world's - Same as A

D. and it has the fastest growth rate among the world's - Correct

E. and it has the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other - Wordy

Answer: D
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Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2018, 19:57
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aragonn wrote:
China currently operates the world's second largest economy, and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's major economies.

D. and it has the fastest growth rate among the world's
E. and it has the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other


A, B and C are eliminated for obvious reason- pronoun error.

We need 'other' to present a clear comparison of China with other major economies. D illogically includes an implicit comparison of China with itself.
--E--
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Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2018, 20:03
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E) and it has the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other
A, B, and C are out because of "they".
Between D and E, E is correct because of the clear comparison.

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Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2018, 21:02
China >>> it
So (A) (B) (C) are out

In (E) "compared to" is an incorrect idiom

Answer = D
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Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2018, 21:23
Imo D.
A,B and C out for they/it split and E out because of structure.

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Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2018, 21:51
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IN E growth rate is compared to other economies its D


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Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 07 May 2018, 21:55
Between D and E, I would go with D; I think E incorrectly compares ‘rate’ with ‘economies’. Also, when we’re comparing more than two nouns, we use ‘among’; in this case we’re comparing the rates of many countries.


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China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2018, 02:09
They is not appropriate for "China" thus A,B and C are out.
E incorrectly compares fastest rate of China's economy to world's major economies. Thus E is wrong. D is correct as it gives correct meaning and correctly used "It" to refer China. Please correct me if I'm wrong...

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Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 22 Aug 2018, 18:22
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Official Explanation


Split #1: the pronoun, "they" vs. "it". Yes, there certainly are a great number of people in China, but these people do not explicitly appear in the sentence. In fact, no plural noun appears anywhere before the underlined part of the sentence. The subject is "China", and this is singular, so the adjective referring to it must be singular as well. This is a classic GMAT mistake, using the plural pronoun "they" for a population or constituency that is implied but not mentioned. On the GMAT, every pronoun must have a clear and unambiguous antecedent explicitly appearing somewhere in the sentence. The "it" in (D) & (E) is correct, and the "they" in (A) & (B) & (C) is not correct.

Split #2: "compared to" vs. "among". If I say "X compared to Y", I am implying those are two different, mutually exclusive groups --- "cats compared to dogs", "football players compared to concert violinists", "sumo wrestlers compared to ballerinas", etc. If I say "X among Y", I imply that X is member of the set Y --- "Abraham Lincoln among US Presidents", "Earth among the planets", "San Francisco among cities in California", etc. Which do we need here?

Here, the two terms are "growth rate" (i.e. of China) and "the world's major economies" --- not quite the same thing. If we take the "compared to" route, we would need to compare like-to-like, "growth rate [of China] " to "growth rates of other countries", which we could abbreviate to "that of" other countries. (B) & (E) don't include the phrase "that of": it compares the "growth rate" of China's economy to the whole of other economics: incorrect comparisons. ---- Furthermore, when we don a comparison, we need two mutually exclusive terms. We can't compare "China" to "nations of the world", because China is included in nations of the world. We need the crucial word "other". Thus, the whole correct construction would be "compared to that of the world's other economies" --- (A) does contain the word "other". Thus, of the three answers that take the "compared to" route, (A) & (B) & (E), none of them get all the correct pieces operating together. The correct format would be "compared to that of the world's other major economies", but that doesn't appear as a choice.

The other route would be the "among" route. When we use "among", we don't need two mutually exclusive groups --- "China among world nations" makes perfect sense. Furthermore, we can talk about a part among a whole --- China's economy's growth rate is part of China's economy overall, so it's a part of what's included in the whole of "the world's economies" --- therefore, it's perfectly correct to say "the fastest growth rate among the world's economies". This is precisely what (C) & (D) have.

Because of these splits, only (D) can be the answer.


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Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2018, 14:44
China (IT) currently operates the world's second largest economy, and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's major economies.

A. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's - ERROR
B. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other - ERROR
C. and they have the fastest growth rate among the world's - ERROR
D. and it has the fastest growth rate among the world's - correct
E. and it has the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other - wordy
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Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2018, 17:32
Best comparison >> among


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Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy, &nbs [#permalink] 27 Aug 2018, 17:32
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