GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 20 Oct 2019, 22:40

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# China currently operates the world's second largest economy,

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1716
China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2018, 18:42
3
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

71% (00:45) correct 29% (00:48) wrong based on 233 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

China currently operates the world's second largest economy, and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's major economies.

A. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's
B. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other
C. and they have the fastest growth rate among the world's
D. and it has the fastest growth rate among the world's
E. and it has the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other

_________________
Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
Marshall & McDonough Moderator
Joined: 13 Apr 2015
Posts: 1684
Location: India
Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2018, 19:12
1
A. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's - Pronoun error

B. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other - Same as A

C. and they have the fastest growth rate among the world's - Same as A

D. and it has the fastest growth rate among the world's - Correct

E. and it has the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other - Wordy

Senior Manager
Joined: 09 Mar 2017
Posts: 488
Location: India
Concentration: Marketing, Organizational Behavior
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2018, 19:57
1
aragonn wrote:
China currently operates the world's second largest economy, and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's major economies.

D. and it has the fastest growth rate among the world's
E. and it has the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other

A, B and C are eliminated for obvious reason- pronoun error.

We need 'other' to present a clear comparison of China with other major economies. D illogically includes an implicit comparison of China with itself.
--E--
_________________
------------------------------
"Trust the timing of your life"
Hit Kudus if this has helped you get closer to your goal, and also to assist others save time. Tq
Manager
Joined: 07 Apr 2018
Posts: 99
Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2018, 20:03
1
E) and it has the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other
A, B, and C are out because of "they".
Between D and E, E is correct because of the clear comparison.

Sent from my mobile
_________________
Intern
Joined: 21 Feb 2018
Posts: 1
Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2018, 21:02
China >>> it
So (A) (B) (C) are out

In (E) "compared to" is an incorrect idiom

Manager
Joined: 01 Jan 2018
Posts: 154
Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2018, 21:23
Imo D.
A,B and C out for they/it split and E out because of structure.

Posted from my mobile device
_________________
kudos please if it helped you.
Intern
Joined: 15 Aug 2013
Posts: 41
Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2018, 21:51
1
IN E growth rate is compared to other economies its D

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum
Intern
Joined: 09 Jan 2017
Posts: 7
Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 May 2018, 21:55
Between D and E, I would go with D; I think E incorrectly compares ‘rate’ with ‘economies’. Also, when we’re comparing more than two nouns, we use ‘among’; in this case we’re comparing the rates of many countries.

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum
Intern
Joined: 16 Sep 2017
Posts: 5
Location: United States
GPA: 4
China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 May 2018, 02:09
They is not appropriate for "China" thus A,B and C are out.
E incorrectly compares fastest rate of China's economy to world's major economies. Thus E is wrong. D is correct as it gives correct meaning and correctly used "It" to refer China. Please correct me if I'm wrong...

Might not get success immediately but will definitely achieve eventually! \m/
SC Moderator
Joined: 23 Sep 2015
Posts: 1716
Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2018, 18:22
2

Official Explanation

Split #1: the pronoun, "they" vs. "it". Yes, there certainly are a great number of people in China, but these people do not explicitly appear in the sentence. In fact, no plural noun appears anywhere before the underlined part of the sentence. The subject is "China", and this is singular, so the adjective referring to it must be singular as well. This is a classic GMAT mistake, using the plural pronoun "they" for a population or constituency that is implied but not mentioned. On the GMAT, every pronoun must have a clear and unambiguous antecedent explicitly appearing somewhere in the sentence. The "it" in (D) & (E) is correct, and the "they" in (A) & (B) & (C) is not correct.

Split #2: "compared to" vs. "among". If I say "X compared to Y", I am implying those are two different, mutually exclusive groups --- "cats compared to dogs", "football players compared to concert violinists", "sumo wrestlers compared to ballerinas", etc. If I say "X among Y", I imply that X is member of the set Y --- "Abraham Lincoln among US Presidents", "Earth among the planets", "San Francisco among cities in California", etc. Which do we need here?

Here, the two terms are "growth rate" (i.e. of China) and "the world's major economies" --- not quite the same thing. If we take the "compared to" route, we would need to compare like-to-like, "growth rate [of China] " to "growth rates of other countries", which we could abbreviate to "that of" other countries. (B) & (E) don't include the phrase "that of": it compares the "growth rate" of China's economy to the whole of other economics: incorrect comparisons. ---- Furthermore, when we don a comparison, we need two mutually exclusive terms. We can't compare "China" to "nations of the world", because China is included in nations of the world. We need the crucial word "other". Thus, the whole correct construction would be "compared to that of the world's other economies" --- (A) does contain the word "other". Thus, of the three answers that take the "compared to" route, (A) & (B) & (E), none of them get all the correct pieces operating together. The correct format would be "compared to that of the world's other major economies", but that doesn't appear as a choice.

The other route would be the "among" route. When we use "among", we don't need two mutually exclusive groups --- "China among world nations" makes perfect sense. Furthermore, we can talk about a part among a whole --- China's economy's growth rate is part of China's economy overall, so it's a part of what's included in the whole of "the world's economies" --- therefore, it's perfectly correct to say "the fastest growth rate among the world's economies". This is precisely what (C) & (D) have.

Because of these splits, only (D) can be the answer.

_________________
Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
Intern
Joined: 21 Nov 2015
Posts: 15
Concentration: Finance, Economics
Schools: Erasmus '20
Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Aug 2018, 14:44
China (IT) currently operates the world's second largest economy, and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's major economies.

A. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to that of the world's - ERROR
B. and they have the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other - ERROR
C. and they have the fastest growth rate among the world's - ERROR
D. and it has the fastest growth rate among the world's - correct
E. and it has the fastest growth rate compared to the world's other - wordy
Intern
Joined: 26 Nov 2012
Posts: 11
Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Aug 2018, 17:32
Best comparison >> among

Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum
Re: China currently operates the world's second largest economy,   [#permalink] 27 Aug 2018, 17:32
Display posts from previous: Sort by