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# Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems,

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Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2007, 10:24
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Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, consists of tens of thousands of ideographic characters, each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its own square frame.

(A) each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
(B) all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside their
(C) all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
(D) every character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their
(E) each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
A
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2012, 07:57
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Hi All,
Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, consists of tens of thousands of ideographic characters, each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its own square frame.

The meaning of this sentence is easy to understand. Chinese is the most ancient of living writing systems. It consists of tens and thousands of ideographic characters. Each character is a miniature calligraphic composition inside its own square frame.

Usage of “each” is correct in this sentence. It denotes every individual character of tens and thousands of characters that the writing system has. Singular pronoun “its” also agrees in number with “each” and also the phrase “a miniature calligraphic composition”, which is singular in number, agrees in number with “each”. Hence this sentence is correct as is.

POE

Choice A: Correct for above mentioned reasons.

Choice B: all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside their. Incorrect. Singular phrase “a miniature calligraphic composition” has been used to refer to plural “all characters”. Again, plural pronoun “their” does not agree in number with singular “composition”.

Choice C: all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside its. Incorrect. This choice repeats the first mistake of choice B. Singular phrase “a miniature calligraphic composition” has been used to refer to plural “all characters”.

Choice D: every character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their. Incorrect. Plural pronoun “their” agrees in number neither with its antecedent “every” nor with singular “composition”.

Choice E: each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their. Incorrect. Plural pronoun “their” agrees in number neither with its antecedent “each” nor with singular “composition”.

1. “All” is used for plural entities.
2. “Each” and “every” are always singular.
3. Pronouns must agree in number with their antecedents.

PS: “Each” denotes every individual entity in the collective group while “every” refers to the all the entities in that group. In this sentence, if there were a choice that read: every character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its, then also this choice would be correct as it conveys the same meaning.
Hope this helps.

Thanks.
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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2017, 07:37
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I'm not 100% sure that I'm interpreting your question correctly, yt770. But I'll take a shot, anyway!

You definitely don't always need a relative pronoun (such as "that" or "which" or "who") to start a noun modifier. Consider the following:

Donald Trump, an orange-haired politician, likes taco salads.

No problem, right? The noun "an orange-haired politician" just modifies the noun "Donald Trump." And we can make it more complicated, but it's still OK to have a noun directly modify a noun, without using a relative pronoun:

Dr. Boiko voted for Donald Trump, an orange-haired politician obsessed with his hand size and approval ratings.

Or try this one:

Dr. Boiko voted for two Republicans, each an orange-haired politician obsessed with his hand size and approval ratings.

This is still fine: the last part of the sentence is still just a noun modifying a noun. Sure, "two Republicans" is plural, but the second part of the sentence is just a modifier that gives us extra information about each of them. By using the singular "each", it becomes OK to use the singular pronoun "his."

The original question in this thread isn't terribly different:

Chinese... consists of tens of thousands of ideographic characters, each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its own square frame.

The last half of the sentence is just a noun phrase that modifies the noun "characters." It might not sound like normal speech, but it's not all that different from using any other noun to modify a noun. No relative pronoun is necessary in any of these examples.

I'm not sure if I answered your questions, but I hope this helps!
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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2007, 14:13

Each fits perfectly compared to every and all. POE: B,C, and D are OUT

subject-verb agreement: each is singular --> use its instead of their.

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2007, 21:32
A and B both has the S-V agreement

but A wins as B changes the meaning
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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2007, 23:01
nick_sun wrote:
Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, consists of tens of thousands of ideographic characters, each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its own square frame.

(A) each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
(B) all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside their
(C) all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
(D) every character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their
(E) each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their

D, E - every character - thier doesn't match
C - same problem
B - changes the meaning
A - perfectly fine.

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2007, 01:38
What is the difference bw each and every??

Which one is correct??
each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
every character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its. (not an option here)

Last edited by sidbidus on 18 Apr 2007, 04:28, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2007, 02:43

Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, consists of tens of thousands of ideographic characters, each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its own square frame

"its" is correct cauz the subject is "each" - Singular. Thus eliminate B,D,E.

So now choose betwwen A and C

C - each "all the characters" is wierd.

Thus the crrect answer is A.

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2007, 04:02
This question is from the OG. The official answer is A

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2007, 23:25

It is clearly agreeing in the subject and verb.

each......its....

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2007, 21:05
Each refers to "2 times "

Every refers to "more then 2 times" .

The dog has bitten my younger son twice, and each time, he has had to be sent to his kennel.
each time, he has had to be sent to his
every time, it has had to be sent to his
each time, it has had to be sent to its
every time, it has had to be sent to its
each time, he has had to be sent to its

‘Each time’ because it has bitten only twice. The use of the pronoun "he" is unclear here - does it refer to the dog or to the son? In fact, tracing our way back along the sentence, we find that we come across the word "son" before we come across the word "dog", which rather implies that it is the son who owns, and is sent to, the kennel.
The way to get round this ambiguity is to use "it" followed by "its" (no apostrophe!). This limits the choices to (C) and (D). The only difference between these options is the fact that one uses the word "every" and the other uses the word "each". Since these refer to the two times that the dog bit the son, we shouldn't use "every" (that refers to three or more times). The correct option is therefore (C).

bmwhype2 wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
What is the difference bw each and every??

Which one is correct??
each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
every character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its. (not an option here)

I also would like to know

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2007, 21:07
empty_spaces wrote:
Each refers to "2 times "

Every refers to "more then 2 times" .

The dog has bitten my younger son twice, and each time, he has had to be sent to his kennel.
each time, he has had to be sent to his
every time, it has had to be sent to his
each time, it has had to be sent to its
every time, it has had to be sent to its
each time, he has had to be sent to its

‘Each time’ because it has bitten only twice. The use of the pronoun "he" is unclear here - does it refer to the dog or to the son? In fact, tracing our way back along the sentence, we find that we come across the word "son" before we come across the word "dog", which rather implies that it is the son who owns, and is sent to, the kennel.
The way to get round this ambiguity is to use "it" followed by "its" (no apostrophe!). This limits the choices to (C) and (D). The only difference between these options is the fact that one uses the word "every" and the other uses the word "each". Since these refer to the two times that the dog bit the son, we shouldn't use "every" (that refers to three or more times). The correct option is therefore (C).

bmwhype2 wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
What is the difference bw each and every??

Which one is correct??
each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
every character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its. (not an option here)

I also would like to know
yes ive read this somewhere. it does not fit in the context of this sentence.

we cannot have Each/two characters...

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2007, 21:20
bmwhype2 wrote:
empty_spaces wrote:
Each refers to "2 times "

Every refers to "more then 2 times" .

The dog has bitten my younger son twice, and each time, he has had to be sent to his kennel.
each time, he has had to be sent to his
every time, it has had to be sent to his
each time, it has had to be sent to its
every time, it has had to be sent to its
each time, he has had to be sent to its

‘Each time’ because it has bitten only twice. The use of the pronoun "he" is unclear here - does it refer to the dog or to the son? In fact, tracing our way back along the sentence, we find that we come across the word "son" before we come across the word "dog", which rather implies that it is the son who owns, and is sent to, the kennel.
The way to get round this ambiguity is to use "it" followed by "its" (no apostrophe!). This limits the choices to (C) and (D). The only difference between these options is the fact that one uses the word "every" and the other uses the word "each". Since these refer to the two times that the dog bit the son, we shouldn't use "every" (that refers to three or more times). The correct option is therefore (C).

bmwhype2 wrote:
sidbidus wrote:
What is the difference bw each and every??

Which one is correct??
each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
every character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its. (not an option here)

I also would like to know
yes ive read this somewhere. it does not fit in the context of this sentence.

we cannot have Each/two characters...

For three and above, I dont think there is any difference between each and every when used as an adjective.

Also, each can be used as a pronoun and an adverb.... every cannot be. Thats the major difference.

Without "character" each can stand on its own... every cant. Given ur two choices, I think both are correct and thats precisely why they didnt give both of them as choices

Thats the only difference I can think of.

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2007, 12:15
AimHigher wrote:
A and B both has the S-V agreement

but A wins as B changes the meaning

Correction. B is wrong.
correct is -----all characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside their own----

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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29 Jul 2007, 22:30
nick_sun wrote:
Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, consists of tens of thousands of ideographic characters, each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its own square frame.

(A) each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
(B) all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside their
(C) all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
(D) every character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their
(E) each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their

A.

You can eliminate any of the choices w/ their b/c their should refer to people.

All doesnt make sense in C.

I've seent this one numerous times

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2008, 09:46
i think every is singular... correct me if i'm wrong.

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2008, 21:41

Sahil's note
The dog has bitten my younger son twice, and each time, he has had to be sent
to his kennel.
(A) each time, he has had to be sent to his
(B) every time, it has had to be sent to his
(C)each time, it has had to be sent to its
(D)every time, it has had to be sent to its
(E)each time, he has had to be sent to its

‘Each time’ because it has bitten only twice. The use of the pronoun "he" is unclear here -
does it refer to the dog or to the son? In fact, tracing our way back along the sentence,
we find that we come across the word "son" before we come across the word "dog",
which rather implies that it is the son who owns, and is sent to, the kennel.
The way to get round this ambiguity is to use "it" followed by "its" (no apostrophe!). This
limits the choices to (C) and (D). The only difference between these options is the fact
that one uses the word "every" and the other uses the word "each". Since these refer to
the two times that the dog bit the son, we shouldn't use "every" (that refers to three or
more times). The correct option is therefore (C).

Using Each was to have only 2 chinese characters in the language...

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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17 Mar 2008, 11:37
I have a question....

I choose A based on it "sounding correct", however, I struggled with the concept of modifying phrases.

Can someone explain why this phrase:

Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, consists of tens of thousands of ideographic characters, each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its own square frame.

can refer to a single character as opposed to "ALL" characters?

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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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01 May 2011, 23:01
nick_sun wrote:
Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, consists of tens of thousands of ideographic characters, each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its own square frame.

(A) each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
(B) all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside their
(C) all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
(D) every character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their
(E) each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their

i feel A is correct because

2. error- all --- their ?(square /one square)
3. all -its
4. every - thier "(wrong)
5. each - their
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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, [#permalink]

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02 May 2011, 00:44
nick_sun wrote:
Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems, consists of tens of thousands of ideographic characters, each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its own square frame.

(A) each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
(B) all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside their
(C) all the characters a miniature calligraphic composition inside its
(D) every character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their
(E) each character a miniature calligraphic composition inside their

The choices C, D and E are wrong for their own disagreements. Between choice A and B, B is definitely weird. So answer is A.

Now for difference between each and every:

1) They both can be used together and individually in a sentence. As per my understanding when we use every we are mostly referring to every one in a group, whereas each refers to every one separately.
2) Each is used more on human side whereas every is used more on things side.

Each human is better than every human . Every time is better than each time.

They are very much similar in meaning but make a noticeable difference when they are used together.
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Re: Chinese, the most ancient of living writing systems,   [#permalink] 02 May 2011, 00:44

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