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# Christopher Colombus

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Manager
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13 Apr 2005, 17:49
1.For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

A. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere

B. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress by which native peoples of the Western Hemisphere decimated

C. devastating and enslaving in the name of progress those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.

D. devastating and enslaving those native peoples of the western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.

E. the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have decimated the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.
If you have any questions
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Director
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13 Apr 2005, 18:05
will choose E (explanation in a moment)
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13 Apr 2005, 18:38
I liked this question. Combination of Meaning and Subject-Verb Agreement.

(B)(C)(D) are plain wrong.

Choice is between has and have i.e. what does "that" modifies. Does this modify Progress or "Devastation and Enslavement".

(A) says : .. Progress (that) has decimated the native ppl, which is clearly wrong.
(E) says : .. devastation and enslavement.. have dicimated tha native ppl.
Correct.
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13 Apr 2005, 19:32
I have seen this one...I chose "E" but I think OA was "A"
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13 Apr 2005, 19:33
I will go with 'A'

jpv, I see your point but isn't 'that' modifying progress and not 'Devastation and Enslavement'
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13 Apr 2005, 19:49
I diagree if the answer is (A).

I will go with 'A'

jpv, I see your point but isn't 'that' modifying progress and not 'Devastation and Enslavement'

That is why I am choosing (E). Two things will confirm that "that" modifies (de.. & en..)
1. have
2. in the name of progress (Prepositional phrase). One of those cases when "that" does not modify immediate noun.
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14 Apr 2005, 01:13
jpv wrote:
I diagree if the answer is (A).

I will go with 'A'

jpv, I see your point but isn't 'that' modifying progress and not 'Devastation and Enslavement'

That is why I am choosing (E). Two things will confirm that "that" modifies (de.. & en..)
1. have
2. in the name of progress (Prepositional phrase). One of those cases when "that" does not modify immediate noun.

In that case my question is going to be when will you know to choose not to apply the rule that 'that' does not modify the immediate noun.
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14 Apr 2005, 01:40
A) should be out because the "process" cannot decimate people. there is no rule behind it. its just about the meaning. so its fine that "that" does not modifies the immediate noun, because otherwise it would change the idea of the meaning.
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14 Apr 2005, 07:36
christoph wrote:
A) should be out because the "process" cannot decimate people. there is no rule behind it. its just about the meaning. so its fine that "that" does not modifies the immediate noun, because otherwise it would change the idea of the meaning.

Good explanation, I guess it is imp to keep in mind what relative pronouns can logically refer to and not to take them as a rule.
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14 Apr 2005, 11:34
What is the OA and where did this question come from?
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14 Apr 2005, 14:03
between A and E.....it's E for me....

For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

Here the "has" corresponds to "devastation" AND "enslavement"...hence this "has" has to be "have" )
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14 Apr 2005, 14:06
jpv wrote:
I diagree if the answer is (A).

I will go with 'A'

jpv, I see your point but isn't 'that' modifying progress and not 'Devastation and Enslavement'

That is why I am choosing (E). Two things will confirm that "that" modifies (de.. & en..)
1. have
2. in the name of progress (Prepositional phrase). One of those cases when "that" does not modify immediate noun.

In that case my question is going to be when will you know to choose not to apply the rule that 'that' does not modify the immediate noun.

I suppose we can view "in the name of progress" as a middle man clause that is irrelevant (just to dress it up), especially as the two actions (dev and ensl) are the main attraction. Not sure if this make sense.
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14 Apr 2005, 16:00
christoph wrote:
A) should be out because the "process" cannot decimate people. there is no rule behind it. its just about the meaning. so its fine that "that" does not modifies the immediate noun, because otherwise it would change the idea of the meaning.

exactly
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14 Apr 2005, 18:21
Now I got to unlearn something that I learned here - 'that' does not always refer to the immediate noun preceding it instead make a logical conclusion about its antecedent.
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14 Apr 2005, 19:41
perezhan wrote:
1.For many revisionist historians, Christopher Columbus has come to personify devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

A. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that has decimated native peoples of the Western Hemisphere

B. devastation and enslavement in the name of progress by which native peoples of the Western Hemisphere decimated

C. devastating and enslaving in the name of progress those native peoples of the Western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.

D. devastating and enslaving those native peoples of the western Hemisphere which in the name of progress are decimated.

E. the devastation and enslavement in the name of progress that have decimated the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere.

one more for E.

'that' referred to 'devastation and enslavement'.

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27 Oct 2013, 01:55
The OA is actually.

has decimated is supposed to modify in the name of, which takes the singular form.
Re: Christopher Colombus   [#permalink] 27 Oct 2013, 01:55
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