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# Clear communication is one of the key ingredients

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Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2015, 05:27
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Clear communication is one of the key ingredients that are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is, however, rare for people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together.

(A) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is, however, rare for people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together.

(B) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare that people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together.

(C) is often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare for people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together.

(D) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is, however, rare that people backgrounds spend their lives together.

(E) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare for people from disparate backgrounds to share their lives together.

one of the key ingredients is singular then why is verb in OA plural ?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2015, 05:53
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This is because the subject is actually "key ingredients", which is plural.

The intended meaning is: There are many key ingredients that are often lacking in romantic relationships; Clear communication is one of them.
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2015, 08:13
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sukanyar wrote:
This is because the subject is actually "key ingredients", which is plural.

The intended meaning is: There are many key ingredients that are often lacking in romantic relationships; Clear communication is one of them.

why is "one of the key ingredients" not the subject?

consider example:

One of the apples in the basket has fallen down.

Here "One of the apples" is subject which is singular and "has fallen" is correct
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2015, 09:20
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kuttingchai wrote:
why is "one of the key ingredients" not the subject?

consider example:

One of the apples in the basket has fallen down.

Here "One of the apples" is subject which is singular and "has fallen" is correct

These are not the same sentences. In fact, our instructor discussed this in great detail in S-V class. So, here is the thing:

Statement: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients that are often lacking in romantic relationships

This has two clauses:

1st clause: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients
2nd clause: that are often lacking in romantic relationships

Statement: One of the apples in the basket has fallen down.

This has only one clause.

In other words, if I had to change this sentence as:

One of the apples that are in the basket has fallen down.

Now, there are two clauses:

1st clause: One of the apples has fallen down
2nd clause: that are in the basket

Again, meaning is the same: There are many apples that "are" in the basket; one of them has fallen down:).
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2015, 09:22
Very Nice question for SV.
Request someone to throw more light on the official answer
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Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2015, 14:00
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kuttingchai wrote:
Clear communication is one of the key ingredients that are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is, however, rare for people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together.

(A) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is, however, rare for people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together.

(B) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare that people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together.

(C) is often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare for people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together.

(D) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is, however, rare that people backgrounds spend their lives together.

(E) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare for people from disparate backgrounds to share their lives together.

one of the key ingredients is singular then why is verb in OA plural ?

I think one should analyse what "that" is modifying and then it becomes clear that it refers to "ingredients" which are key - this is a "one of x that" construction! Very important to internalize!

https://gmat.economist.com/blog/verbal/ ... ent-trap-1
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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12 Aug 2015, 20:42
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Question to Kuttingchai

Clear communication is one of the key ingredients that are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is, however, rare for people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together.

Is this properly transcribed? Something is amiss, I feel ; ‘although positive intent between partners is a given’ ---is a given what; the subordinate clause seems to be incomplete
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2015, 09:05
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daagh wrote:
Is this properly transcribed? Something is amiss, I feel ; ‘although positive intent between partners is a given’ ---is a given what; the subordinate clause seems to be incomplete

Actually from what I understand, "is a given" is a phrase that means: can be taken for granted.

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Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2015, 09:24
Can somebody explain why "it is rare that people " construction is better than " it is, however, rare for people "

However in the original sentence brings contrast/conflict and that idea needs to be kept that ways.
By using that we lose the original meaning.

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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2015, 09:49
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Thanks and kudos to sukanyar for the elucidation; I admit my knowledge is poor in the language of romantic relationship; But all them same, I have my reservations about the OA.

A) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is, however, rare for people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together. --- although and however are redundant.

(B) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare that people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together. ---Where is the verb in the relative clause that follows the main clause ‘it is rare’? To spend is not a verb; it is simply a verbal. This sentence is, in part, a fragment.

(C) is often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare for people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together. --- SV mismatch; the right verb should be ‘are’

(D) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is, however, rare that people backgrounds spend their lives together. – although and however are redundant

(E) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare for people from disparate backgrounds to share their lives together. – E looks like the best of the lot with no redundancy and fragmentation. But one curious thing? What is the difference between ‘to spend lives together’ as in original and ‘to share lives together’ as in choice E?
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2015, 10:20
Hi,

I selected E for the same reason as mentioned by Daagh.

IMO in B, "to spend" is wrong verb usage.. it is rare.. so what is rare? That people from disparate backgrounds spend their lives together.

"spend" is the right verb usage without the infinitive IMO.

Regards,
Dom.
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Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2015, 10:22
(A) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is, however, rare for people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together.

(B) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare that people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together. >>correct >> one of the key ingredients that are >> condition is described here, so "rare that" is correct

(C) is often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare for people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together.

(D) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is, however, rare that people backgrounds spend their lives together.

(E) are often lacking in romantic relationships and although positive intent between partners is a given, it is rare for people from disparate backgrounds to share their lives together.
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2015, 10:26
one of the few questions on the forum that are right for unknown reasons .

It pays to ignore unofficial questions

But analysis by daagh is always helpful.
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2015, 16:13
The following fragment is gramatically incorrect. "B" can never be the correct answer.
"it is rare that people from disparate backgrounds to spend their lives together."
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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13 Aug 2015, 22:51
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Hi,

I am really astonished with the official answer.
How can it be B.
It is rare for people to spend life together is correct.The usage of "to" in place of "for" makes this sentence a train-wreck.
Am I missing something here.

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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2015, 08:23
sukanyar wrote:
kuttingchai wrote:
why is "one of the key ingredients" not the subject?

consider example:

One of the apples in the basket has fallen down.

Here "One of the apples" is subject which is singular and "has fallen" is correct

These are not the same sentences. In fact, our instructor discussed this in great detail in S-V class. So, here is the thing:

Statement: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients that are often lacking in romantic relationships

This has two clauses:

1st clause: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients
2nd clause: that are often lacking in romantic relationships

Statement: One of the apples in the basket has fallen down.

This has only one clause.

In other words, if I had to change this sentence as:

One of the apples that are in the basket has fallen down.

Now, there are two clauses:

1st clause: One of the apples has fallen down
2nd clause: that are in the basket

Again, meaning is the same: There are many apples that "are" in the basket; one of them has fallen down:).

How will you explain below

Efforts to increase recycling among consumers, a major goal of many American communities throughout the past decade, have not reduced the abundant number of plastic water bottles that has been discarded annually into landfills.

As per your logic above - in the above statement "that has been discarded" should refer to bottles however the verb is singular because the number of

how is this explanation different from the above main question?
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2015, 09:48
Quote:
Efforts to increase recycling among consumers, a major goal of many American communities throughout the past decade, have not reduced the abundant number of plastic water bottles that has been discarded annually into landfills.

The sentence per se is wrong because the bottles are being discarded and not the number. So ‘has been discarded’ is incorrect. But where are the other choices and what is the correct choice in the example? I couldn't find them in any official sources. Comparing wrong things may lead to further confusion. It is in this context, the role of the relative pronoun touch - rule has to be recalled, in which restrictive relative pronouns such as where, when, who, that etc refer to the noun just in front. Only in the case of pronoun 'which', do we see a more non-restrictive role, in which it can modify a little more distantly in specific situations, because it always preceded by a comma. In the given case the original specifies that, ----clear communication is one of the key ingredients that are often lacking—note that there is no comma before the word ‘that’ and eventually ‘that’ has no other go but to modify the plural noun ‘ingredients’ ; the singular ‘one’ is not to be considered the subject and the verb has to be plural in tandem. One can get any number of such examples, by going through the OGs or the GMAT PREP, the most authenticated sources of GMAT
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Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2015, 04:15
daagh wrote:
Quote:
Efforts to increase recycling among consumers, a major goal of many American communities throughout the past decade, have not reduced the abundant number of plastic water bottles that has been discarded annually into landfills.

The sentence per se is wrong because the bottles are being discarded and not the number. So ‘has been discarded’ is incorrect. But where are the other choices and what is the correct choice in the example? I couldn't find them in any official sources. Comparing wrong things may lead to further confusion. It is in this context, the role of the relative pronoun touch - rule has to be recalled, in which restrictive relative pronouns such as where, when, who, that etc refer to the noun just in front. Only in the case of pronoun 'which', do we see a more non-restrictive role, in which it can modify a little more distantly in specific situations, because it always preceded by a comma. In the given case the original specifies that, ----clear communication is one of the key ingredients that are often lacking—note that there is no comma before the word ‘that’ and eventually ‘that’ has no other go but to modify the plural noun ‘ingredients’ ; the singular ‘one’ is not to be considered the subject and the verb has to be plural in tandem. One can get any number of such examples, by going through the OGs or the GMAT PREP, the most authenticated sources of GMAT

Efforts to increase recycling among consumers, a major goal of many American communities throughout the past decade, has not abundantly reduced the number of plastic water bottles being discarded annually into landfills.

A. has not abundantly reduced the number of plastic water bottles being discarded annually into landfills.

B. has not been abundant in reducing the number of plastic water bottles that have been discarded annually into landfills.

C. has not made an abundant reduction in the number of plastic water bottles that has been dsicarded annually into landfills.

D. have not reduced the abundant number of plastic water bottles that has been discarded annually into landfills.

E. have not reducted the abundant in the number of plastic bottles that have been discarded annually into landfills.

OA - D
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2015, 05:35
Kuttingchai
Hi
I hope you are aware of the distortion in your examples. Let me point out. I am putting the example you gave originally and the one that you have given now next to next.
Efforts to increase recycling among consumers, a major goal of many American communities throughout the past decade, have not reduced the abundant number of plastic water bottles that has been discarded annually into landfills.

Efforts to increase recycling among consumers, a major goal of many American communities throughout the past decade, has not abundantly reduced the number of plastic water bottles being discarded annually into landfills.

The second example is tatoally different from the first. The first says - have not reduced the abundant number – while the second says – have not abundantly reduced—'Have not reduced' is not even underlined in the first case.

Assuming that you wrongly gave one of the choices as the stem, let me reiterate that D, which according to author is the OA, is awfully wrong . As I said it is the bottles that have been discarded and not the abundant number

Choice E is also a testimony to the very poor quality in saying that --- have not reduced the abundant in—

Something tells me, this is not a professional example. If one is going to depend upon such stuff for his GMAT Prep, we should leave it to him or her to ponder.

Incidentally, I am curious to know where this example has come from.
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Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2015, 21:39
daagh wrote:
Kuttingchai
Hi
I hope you are aware of the distortion in your examples. Let me point out. I am putting the example you gave originally and the one that you have given now next to next.
Efforts to increase recycling among consumers, a major goal of many American communities throughout the past decade, have not reduced the abundant number of plastic water bottles that has been discarded annually into landfills.

Efforts to increase recycling among consumers, a major goal of many American communities throughout the past decade, has not abundantly reduced the number of plastic water bottles being discarded annually into landfills.

The second example is tatoally different from the first. The first says - have not reduced the abundant number – while the second says – have not abundantly reduced—'Have not reduced' is not even underlined in the first case.

Assuming that you wrongly gave one of the choices as the stem, let me reiterate that D, which according to author is the OA, is awfully wrong . As I said it is the bottles that have been discarded and not the abundant number

Choice E is also a testimony to the very poor quality in saying that --- have not reduced the abundant in—

Something tells me, this is not a professional example. If one is going to depend upon such stuff for his GMAT Prep, we should leave it to him or her to ponder.

Incidentally, I am curious to know where this example has come from.

Thank you daagh - This example is from Princeton review. Thank you for clarification.
Re: Clear communication is one of the key ingredients   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2015, 21:39

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