Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water

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Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2007, 13:22
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Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
B) Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
C) Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.
D) The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds.
E) Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as clouds.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2007, 15:19
gb8 wrote:
Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

B) Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

C) Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.

D) The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds.

E) Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as clouds.

C

B&E have misplaced modifier
D "forms" should be "form" because particles is plural
A is passive, I prefer C
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2007, 16:48
gb8 wrote:
Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

B) Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

C) Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.

D) The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds.

E) Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as clouds.

A

B. which refers to oceans. This illogically says that the oceans evaporate into the atmosphere. Water IN the ocean evaporates into the atmosphere, not the entire ocean.

C: is akward. ,rises high into the atmosphere...

D: rises and evaporates seems redundant to me in this sentence. also I don't think which here refers to a proper referent. does dust create the clouds? no the evaporaporation of water on the dust does, not the dust itself.

E: which has an improper referrent. the atompsher doesn't condense into tiny droplets, the evaporated water does.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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05 Sep 2007, 13:32
bkk145 wrote:
gb8 wrote:
Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

B) Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

C) Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.

D) The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds.

E) Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as clouds.

C

B&E have misplaced modifier
D "forms" should be "form" because particles is plural
A is passive, I prefer C

nice explanation!

OA is C
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2010, 02:25
Could anybody elaborate a bit more on why A is wrong?

For me it sounds better than C.

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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2010, 03:56
noboru wrote:
Could anybody elaborate a bit more on why A is wrong?

For me it sounds better than C.

One of the reasons why A is wrong:

A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

from X and Y - here X and Y should be parallel. However the above coloured sections are not parallel.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2010, 10:18
IMO C

I rejected A because the sentence does not clear out what for the bold phrase beneath:
A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2011, 01:52
sidhu4u wrote:
noboru wrote:
Could anybody elaborate a bit more on why A is wrong?

For me it sounds better than C.

One of the reasons why A is wrong:

A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

from X and Y - here X and Y should be parallel. However the above coloured sections are not parallel.

Actually, the || could be:

Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

Thoughts on that?
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2011, 23:10
noboru wrote:
sidhu4u wrote:
noboru wrote:
Could anybody elaborate a bit more on why A is wrong?

For me it sounds better than C.

One of the reasons why A is wrong:

A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

from X and Y - here X and Y should be parallel. However the above coloured sections are not parallel.

Actually, the || could be:

Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

Thoughts on that?

"is warmed by the sun,rises high into the atmosphere and condenses..." all 3 actions related with oceans water should be parallel
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2014, 06:05
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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18 Jul 2016, 08:15
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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24 Jul 2016, 00:10

Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

A. Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
WRONG:- Lack of parallelism:- evaporation, warmed, condensing, rises none are parallel to each other.

B. Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
WRONG:- Incorrectly placed ""which" modifies the ocean. It seems like the ocean itself rises high into the atmosphere. (Ocean's WATER rises high in the atmosphere.)

C. Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.
PERFECT:- Parallel structures :- Evaporates, rises, condenses. Correctly placed phrases and modifiers. Crisp and clear meaning.

D. The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which
forms clouds.
WRONG:- Another almost perfect sentence EXCEPT that ",warmed by the sun," cannot be bound by commas, as it is an essential phrase need for the sentence to make sense. Here it is bound by commas which makes it additional information that can be ignored. A ESSENTIAL PHRASE CANNOT BE CHANGED INTO AN ADDITIONAL PARENTHETICAL INFORMATION.

E. Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as
clouds.
WRONG:- "Which" is modifying atmosphere. It seems that atmosphere is condensing into clouds. (Ocean Water is condensing into clouds)

gb8 wrote:
Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.

A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
B) Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
C) Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.
D) The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds.
E) Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as clouds.

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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2016, 20:38
Please evaluate my reasoning.

A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
Incorrect idiom. Formed from is an incorrect idiom usage. Also, the statement's meaning is at question as to whether evaporation is a component found in the ocean's water or the process. (ignoring one's general knowledge about the process)

B) Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
Incorrect modifier placement. Oceans do not rise high into the atmosphere.

C) Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.
Short. Succinct. Correct.

D) The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds
Incorrect modifier placement.Sun is not rising high in the atmosphere

E) Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as clouds.
Incorrect modifier placement. Atmosphere does not condense.

Hence, C.
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water [#permalink]

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08 Sep 2016, 20:55
hdwnkr wrote:
Please evaluate my reasoning.

A) Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans’ water that is warmed by the Sun and rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
Incorrect idiom. Formed from is an incorrect idiom usage. Also, the statement's meaning is at question as to whether evaporation is a component found in the ocean's water or the process. (ignoring one's general knowledge about the process)

B) Clouds form by the Sun’s warmth evaporating the water in the oceans, which rises high into the atmosphere, condensing in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust.
Incorrect modifier placement. Oceans do not rise high into the atmosphere.

C) Warmed by the Sun, ocean water evaporates, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form clouds.
Short. Succinct. Correct.

D) The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds
Incorrect modifier placement.Sun is not rising high in the atmosphere

E) Ocean water, warmed by the Sun, evaporates and rises high into the atmosphere, which then condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust to form as clouds.
Incorrect modifier placement. Atmosphere does not condense.

Hence, C.

Correct for all except for D

The water in the oceans evaporates, warmed by the Sun, rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds[/b]
when any phrase is bound by comma on both side- ,rises high in atmosphere,
then you must read it as something inside a brackert - (rises high in atmosphere)
The moment you bound a phrase by a starting and an end comma it becomes parenthetical. A parenthetical information in written English is considered as an extra information which is used to clarify or explain. Such information can be ignored as it is not essential but only explanatory.

Now the option D in CURRENT FORM is INCORRECT

The water in the oceans evaporates (warmed by the Sun) rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds

or

The water in the oceans evaporates rises high into the atmosphere, and condenses in tiny droplets on minute particles of dust, which forms clouds[/b]

Now you can see why D is incorrect because it is missing "and" between "evaporates" & "rises"
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Re: Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water   [#permalink] 08 Sep 2016, 20:55
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# Clouds are formed from the evaporation of the oceans water

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