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# Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman

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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2014, 05:44
hb wrote:
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman medical treatise, is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first 80 pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining 20 pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in Florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148?

A.Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no known samples of the handwriting of the first three copyists.
B.According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for 10 months.
C.A scribe would be able to copy a page of text the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day.
D.There was only one outbreak of plague in Florence in the 1100s.
E.The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist.

Edit: by carcass

This can be answered by the process of elemination. We need a strong / best proof from the 5 options given.

A. - This can be eleminated since no known samples of the first three coyists won't help in knowing the year in which Codex was produced
B - This is a tricky option, since the readers might get confused and think that since the timeline is provided, the codex could have been produced in this duration. Behold!!!! the other 3 options are on their way
C - Naaaaahhhhh.... No need to even ponder on this case
D - If there was only one outbreak in 1100 and that outbreak finds place in the codex, it mught suggest that the codex could have been produced in 1100s
E - Sorry no explaination required.

Now we are left with two choices - B & D. Lets compare them - The timeline would not help in determining the year of the plague. But if there was only one out break in 1100s, ther's a bleak possibility that the codex could have been written during thst time.

Frankly - There's no one option which would confirm that, but out of the 5, D seems best
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2014, 21:55
1
mahendru1992 wrote:
I don't understand how D is the correct answer. The 4th copyist could very well have produced the book in 1149, heck even 1160, or any other date.
How's this the correct answer? O.o

Link it up with the frequent change of copyists after 80 pages. Copyists kept changing implies some major disruption. There was a major disruption in 1148. So it might have been written in 1148. Copyists had to be changed because they were getting affected by plague. If there was no other plague in 1100s, it strengthens the conclusion that it was written in 1148. But as said before, it is a very weak conclusion. There could be many other reasons for change of copyists.
No other option strengthens the conclusion at all. Hence (D) is the most suitable out of the lot.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2014, 22:38
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
mahendru1992 wrote:
I don't understand how D is the correct answer. The 4th copyist could very well have produced the book in 1149, heck even 1160, or any other date.
How's this the correct answer? O.o

Link it up with the frequent change of copyists after 80 pages. Copyists kept changing implies some major disruption. There was a major disruption in 1148. So it might have been written in 1148. Copyists had to be changed because they were getting affected by plague. If there was no other plague in 1100s, it strengthens the conclusion that it was written in 1148. But as said before, it is a very weak conclusion. There could be many other reasons for change of copyists.
No other option strengthens the conclusion at all. Hence (D) is the most suitable out of the lot.

I know that we shouldn't question OG solutions, but in the case of this question, I can't really help myself.
Granted that there was only one plague in the 1100s and there was some major disruption due to which the remaining 20 pages were written by 3 different copyist.
Now why are we assuming that there was only one major disruption here???
We could very well say that there was a major earthquake or even volcanic disruption between the 2nd and 3rd copyist and the plague that affected many people was witnessed by the 4th copyist.
But I'm digressing here.
even if the argument says that the 4th copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in 1148 and D says that there was a major disruption in 1148 why are we assuming that he wrote about the plague in that year only and not a year or two after. I still don't understant! Don't you think we're assuming too much into this? IMO, none of the options strengthen the argument. We're just skewing our reasons to match with the correct answer. I don't know, I think I'm missing something here.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2014, 04:58
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient
Roman medical treatise, is undated but contains clues
to when it was produced. Its first 80 pages are by a
single copyist, but the remaining 20 pages are by
three different copyists, which indicates some
significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting
identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a
plague that killed many people in Florence in 1148,
Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports
the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced
in 1148?

(A) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no
known samples of the handwriting of the first
three copyists.
(B) According to the account by the fourth copyist,
the plague went on for 10 months.
(C) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text
the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day.
(D) There was only one outbreak of plague in
Florence in the 1100s.
(E) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis
produced by a single scribe becomes smaller
with each successive change of copyist.

Got the correct answer as D.

Both Options B and D are closer, but D is the best answer choice.

Option B does help to state that the event was a big disruption.

But option D is much stronger.

Hope this helps!
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2014, 01:26
1
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.
Her
Conclusion: The book was probably produced in 1148.
Assumption: After the third writer, fourth writer took less than an year to complete the book.

Many people tend to confuse that the writer simply mentioned 1148. But how come he wrote that only 1148. I can quote what happened in 1148 and 2014. Here we are simply trying to strengthen it . That is we are simply increasing the chances with new evidence.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148?

a) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no known samples of the handwriting of the first three copyists. Book produced in 1148 has nothing to do with no known samples of first three copyists. Note we are only concerned about this book and year
b) According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for ten months. I can simply quote an even happened in past in present. It has nothing to do with prove book and year in which it is likely to produced.
c) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day. General fact. Doesn't go with conclusion
d) there was only on outbreak of plague in florence in the 1100s - Correct answer. Only major event in 1148 that could have stopped the previous three. The fourth guy would have started here in 1148. Not we are just strengthning we are not proving that it is finished in 1148. This answer would have been straight forward if the conclusion had indicated that book must have been produced post 1148.
e) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist - [color=#0000ff]OFS.One can take 100 years to produce 100 pages. So what ? No evidence that the book is completed in 1148 . [/color]
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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21 Sep 2014, 02:55
The assumption involved in stating the letter about plague means CB produced in 1148 is probably that the fourth typist also died due to plague!! He cannot write about a plague before it happens but can of course write about it after it happens (ofcourse if he survives that). Can't say, the arguments takes a very long logical jump!

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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2014, 08:49
Straight D .. if we know there was only one outbreak in 1100 years , then we are sure that he pointed out to that year only.
time :1.20 mins
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2014, 10:52
1
I picked E. Although none of the answer choices seems to explain that the Codex was written in that year.
D - What if the Codex was written 200 years after the outbreak?
in E - The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist.
If the number of pages written by a single person is decreasing, most probably it is because they simply died, and if decreasing, then most probably the disease became more and more spread, killing more people in less time.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2016, 03:07
1
ENAFEX wrote:
Found the logic below in a different forum and I felt the explanation was great..

There seems to be a causal relationship involved...the argument says that there was a disruption that interfered with the copying of the Codex...then it proceeds to say that there was a letter from the 4th copyist about a plague in 1148(which happens to be the disruption) and this plague(disruption) caused the Codex to be produced that year.

Cause: Plague of 1148 (C)
Effect Delayed the Codex to be produced that year. (E)

C->E

Remember that in a causal relationship the author assumes that no other cause is responsible for the Effect. And he assures us that this cause is very much true(here he states that there was some significant disruption that caused the delay in produce - the plague of 1148).

Following this, we need to Strengthen the authors assumptions about his causal relationship by either:
1) showing C causes E
2) Eliminating other Causes
3) Eliminating reverse causality
4) Showing data used to make causality is accurate
5) if there is no cause then there is no effect.

Answer choice D properly demonstrates rule 2 "Eliminating other Causes"...if this was not the only plague then perhaps a later plague further delayed the Codex produce ...hope this helps...

(This question is particularly difficult because the causal relationship is difficult to spot, but you can try to do so by looking for Causal identifiers like "Since....<this>"..."therefore <this>")

Thumb rule for Causal and Effect CR questions... it requires prethinking.
- For Causal and effect CR questions :-
- Prethinking
1) showing C causes E
2) Eliminating other Causes
3) Eliminating reverse causality
4) Showing data used to make causality is accurate
5) if there is no cause then there is no effect.

Kudos for the help!
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2016, 01:21
As per my understanding, disruption is linked to when CB was written.The year when the disruption took place is the year when CB was produced. So lets say if disruption happened in 1120 and the fourth copyist mentioned a plague in 1148, this would weaken the conclusion. Second scenario, if disruption happened in 1170 and the fourth copyist mentioned a plague in 1148, this would also weaken the conclusion. So there has to be a single year in 1100s in which plague took place and this year should be 1148.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2016, 03:14
Even I stumbled. Many people tend to leave the 1100(s) in the passage. If you can get this in your mind properly, then you can bet your life on D
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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16 Sep 2016, 23:29
What is meant by "produced" in this context? Does it mean that CB was composed in 1148 or that it made available to the public in 1148? According to the dictionary it could mean either of those. In the context of the question it would make the question very different.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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01 Nov 2016, 07:21
Hi,

What is the sense of the word "produced" as used in the stimulus?
Quote:
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148?

Acoording to the dictionary, it could mean either
4 : to make available for public exhibition or dissemination (which could mean that the production of the codex took place at a point in time or at least within a narrow time frame)
or, 6 : to compose, create, or bring out by intellectual or physical effort (which would mean that the production could have taken place over several years)

--
Thanks
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2016, 03:40
Choice D is correct: There was ONLY ONE outbreak of plague in Florence in the 1100s.
Only one outbreak in 1100s, then it means that this outbreak was in 1148 as mentioned by the copyist.

This is the best estimate as the argument clearly mentions 'probably'.

'Produced' according to this argument could mean the book was made available to the public i.e. it was printed.

Because ONLY the fourth copyist mentions about the outbreak in 1148 and as we deduced there was only one such outbreak.
The book was already written/edited by 3 copyists that means the work on the book was going on for a long time but was finally finished by the fourth copyist.

This is what I understood.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2016, 01:48
"Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year." I am a bit confused with the language here. Did the copyist mention "a plague that happened in 1148" or he just mentioned 'a plague' that later found out to be happened in 1148?

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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11 Dec 2016, 06:27
shawrochis wrote:
"Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year." I am a bit confused with the language here. Did the copyist mention "a plague that happened in 1148" or he just mentioned 'a plague' that later found out to be happened in 1148?

Posted from my mobile device

The argument is:
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

We have no idea about the date when Codex Berinensis was produced but it took work of 4 copyists which indicates (acc. to the argument) that there was a disruption because of which the production date was delayed.
Now one letter by the fourth copyist mentions a plague in 1148 and he is the last copyist. Right!! There the argument assumes that Codex Berinensis was PROBABLY produced in 1148 because the last copyist's letter mentions it.

We have to choose an option that supports this hypothesis.
Option D supports this hypothesis by confirming the fact that there was ONLY ONE SUCH OUTBREAK IN 1100s.
And thus this outbreak was in 1148 as mentioned by the LAST COPYIST because he was the last one to work on CB.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2017, 00:23
1
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148?

Analysis - The passage points out that the changes in copyists indicate [b]that something prevented the first three copyists from completing the work. The passage then identifies this disruptive factor as the plague of 1148, thus dating the production of the Codex. The question then asks to identify information that would support this dating. [/b]

a) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no known samples of the handwriting of the first three copyists (Similar traps as option A can be found in other strengthen questions)
Choice A is incorrect since other documents with handwriting by any of the first three copyists might help in establishing a date for the Codex, but the absence of this evidence provides no additional support for the 1148 dating. This weakens.
It would be good to know the other samples of the writings of the first three copyists, if that is missing, it only slightly weakens the conclusion. This is similar to if a study misses to point out something, then that only weakens.

b) According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for ten months.
the information about the duration of the plague cannot without considerable further data, provide evidence for or against the 1148 dating.

c) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day.
the length of time it took to produce the Codex cannot without considerable further data, provide evidence for or against the 1148 dating.

d) there was only one outbreak of plague in florence in the 1100s
Choice D is the best answer because if there had been other outbreaks of plague in the relevant period, one of these, instead of the plague of 1148, might have disrupted the manuscript’s production. This information therefore supports the hypothesis.

e) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist
the length of time each scribe worked on the Codex cannot without considerable further data, provide evidence for or against the 1148 dating.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2017, 05:01
Merged topics. Please search before posting questions!
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2017, 09:52
I am still struggling with this quesiton.
Isn't D redundant / does not matter since the premise already confirms that the copyist was mentioning about specific plague that orrcured in 1148?
"Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148,"

I chose C. what if it takes "more than 1 year" to copy a page? The CB copy would not finish in 1148?

Could someone explain flaws in my logic? Thanks.
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman  [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2017, 12:28
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148?

a) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no known samples of the handwriting of the first three copyists -Even if there are no other known sources, then also we can't deduce the year in which the book was written from this option.
b) According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for ten months. -Out of scope
c) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day. -Out of scope
d) there was only on outbreak of plague in florence in the 1100s -Correct. If no other plague outbroke in Florence in 1100s other than in 1148, then it suggests that the premise and conclusion of the argument are indeed correct.
e) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist -We are not worried about the pages
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Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman &nbs [#permalink] 19 Aug 2017, 12:28

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