It is currently 23 Nov 2017, 21:01

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Board of Directors
Joined: 17 Jul 2014
Posts: 2680

Kudos [?]: 437 [1], given: 200

Location: United States (IL)
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.92
WE: General Management (Transportation)
Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Nov 2014, 10:52
1
KUDOS
I picked E. Although none of the answer choices seems to explain that the Codex was written in that year.
D - What if the Codex was written 200 years after the outbreak?
in E - The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist.
If the number of pages written by a single person is decreasing, most probably it is because they simply died, and if decreasing, then most probably the disease became more and more spread, killing more people in less time.

Kudos [?]: 437 [1], given: 200

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10133

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2015, 03:15
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10133

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Nov 2015, 10:59
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 07 Aug 2015
Posts: 11

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 58

Concentration: Marketing, General Management
Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Mar 2016, 03:07
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
ENAFEX wrote:
Found the logic below in a different forum and I felt the explanation was great..

There seems to be a causal relationship involved...the argument says that there was a disruption that interfered with the copying of the Codex...then it proceeds to say that there was a letter from the 4th copyist about a plague in 1148(which happens to be the disruption) and this plague(disruption) caused the Codex to be produced that year.

Cause: Plague of 1148 (C)
Effect Delayed the Codex to be produced that year. (E)

C->E

Remember that in a causal relationship the author assumes that no other cause is responsible for the Effect. And he assures us that this cause is very much true(here he states that there was some significant disruption that caused the delay in produce - the plague of 1148).

Following this, we need to Strengthen the authors assumptions about his causal relationship by either:
1) showing C causes E
2) Eliminating other Causes
3) Eliminating reverse causality
4) Showing data used to make causality is accurate
5) if there is no cause then there is no effect.

Answer choice D properly demonstrates rule 2 "Eliminating other Causes"...if this was not the only plague then perhaps a later plague further delayed the Codex produce ...hope this helps...

(This question is particularly difficult because the causal relationship is difficult to spot, but you can try to do so by looking for Causal identifiers like "Since....<this>"..."therefore <this>")

Thumb rule for Causal and Effect CR questions... it requires prethinking.
- For Causal and effect CR questions :-
- Prethinking
1) showing C causes E
2) Eliminating other Causes
3) Eliminating reverse causality
4) Showing data used to make causality is accurate
5) if there is no cause then there is no effect.

Kudos for the help!
_________________

If you can't give up, you can't lose.

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 58

Intern
Joined: 08 Jul 2016
Posts: 14

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 5

Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2016, 01:21
As per my understanding, disruption is linked to when CB was written.The year when the disruption took place is the year when CB was produced. So lets say if disruption happened in 1120 and the fourth copyist mentioned a plague in 1148, this would weaken the conclusion. Second scenario, if disruption happened in 1170 and the fourth copyist mentioned a plague in 1148, this would also weaken the conclusion. So there has to be a single year in 1100s in which plague took place and this year should be 1148.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 5

Intern
Joined: 03 Jan 2016
Posts: 27

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 3

Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

10 Sep 2016, 03:14
Even I stumbled. Many people tend to leave the 1100(s) in the passage. If you can get this in your mind properly, then you can bet your life on D

Kudos [?]: 2 [0], given: 3

Intern
Joined: 05 Jun 2012
Posts: 4

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 Sep 2016, 23:29
What is meant by "produced" in this context? Does it mean that CB was composed in 1148 or that it made available to the public in 1148? According to the dictionary it could mean either of those. In the context of the question it would make the question very different.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10133

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

18 Oct 2016, 07:09
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 270 [0], given: 0

Intern
Joined: 05 Jun 2012
Posts: 4

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Nov 2016, 07:21
Hi,

What is the sense of the word "produced" as used in the stimulus?
Quote:
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148?

Acoording to the dictionary, it could mean either
4 : to make available for public exhibition or dissemination (which could mean that the production of the codex took place at a point in time or at least within a narrow time frame)
or, 6 : to compose, create, or bring out by intellectual or physical effort (which would mean that the production could have taken place over several years)

--
Thanks

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 0

Director
Joined: 02 Sep 2016
Posts: 789

Kudos [?]: 43 [0], given: 274

Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

03 Dec 2016, 03:40
Choice D is correct: There was ONLY ONE outbreak of plague in Florence in the 1100s.
Only one outbreak in 1100s, then it means that this outbreak was in 1148 as mentioned by the copyist.

This is the best estimate as the argument clearly mentions 'probably'.

'Produced' according to this argument could mean the book was made available to the public i.e. it was printed.

Because ONLY the fourth copyist mentions about the outbreak in 1148 and as we deduced there was only one such outbreak.
The book was already written/edited by 3 copyists that means the work on the book was going on for a long time but was finally finished by the fourth copyist.

This is what I understood.
_________________

Help me make my explanation better by providing a logical feedback.

If you liked the post, HIT KUDOS !!

Don't quit.............Do it.

Kudos [?]: 43 [0], given: 274

Intern
Joined: 21 Jul 2016
Posts: 23

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 79

Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Dec 2016, 01:48
"Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year." I am a bit confused with the language here. Did the copyist mention "a plague that happened in 1148" or he just mentioned 'a plague' that later found out to be happened in 1148?

Posted from my mobile device

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 79

Director
Joined: 02 Sep 2016
Posts: 789

Kudos [?]: 43 [0], given: 274

Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Dec 2016, 06:27
shawrochis wrote:
"Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year." I am a bit confused with the language here. Did the copyist mention "a plague that happened in 1148" or he just mentioned 'a plague' that later found out to be happened in 1148?

Posted from my mobile device

The argument is:
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

We have no idea about the date when Codex Berinensis was produced but it took work of 4 copyists which indicates (acc. to the argument) that there was a disruption because of which the production date was delayed.
Now one letter by the fourth copyist mentions a plague in 1148 and he is the last copyist. Right!! There the argument assumes that Codex Berinensis was PROBABLY produced in 1148 because the last copyist's letter mentions it.

We have to choose an option that supports this hypothesis.
Option D supports this hypothesis by confirming the fact that there was ONLY ONE SUCH OUTBREAK IN 1100s.
And thus this outbreak was in 1148 as mentioned by the LAST COPYIST because he was the last one to work on CB.

Kudos [?]: 43 [0], given: 274

Manager
Status: Final Call! Will Achieve Target ANyHow This Tym! :)
Joined: 05 Jan 2016
Posts: 92

Kudos [?]: 7 [1], given: 135

Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V25
GPA: 3.8
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Aug 2017, 00:23
1
KUDOS
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148?

Analysis - The passage points out that the changes in copyists indicate [b]that something prevented the first three copyists from completing the work. The passage then identifies this disruptive factor as the plague of 1148, thus dating the production of the Codex. The question then asks to identify information that would support this dating. [/b]

a) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no known samples of the handwriting of the first three copyists (Similar traps as option A can be found in other strengthen questions)
Choice A is incorrect since other documents with handwriting by any of the first three copyists might help in establishing a date for the Codex, but the absence of this evidence provides no additional support for the 1148 dating. This weakens.
It would be good to know the other samples of the writings of the first three copyists, if that is missing, it only slightly weakens the conclusion. This is similar to if a study misses to point out something, then that only weakens.

b) According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for ten months.
the information about the duration of the plague cannot without considerable further data, provide evidence for or against the 1148 dating.

c) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day.
the length of time it took to produce the Codex cannot without considerable further data, provide evidence for or against the 1148 dating.

d) there was only one outbreak of plague in florence in the 1100s
Choice D is the best answer because if there had been other outbreaks of plague in the relevant period, one of these, instead of the plague of 1148, might have disrupted the manuscript’s production. This information therefore supports the hypothesis.

e) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist
the length of time each scribe worked on the Codex cannot without considerable further data, provide evidence for or against the 1148 dating.
_________________

Regards,
Varun

Trying my best..... will succeed definitely! :)

The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long.
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful. :)

Do Check OG 2017 SC Solutions - http://gmatwithcj.com/solutions-gmat-official-guide-2017-sentence-correction-questions/

Kudos [?]: 7 [1], given: 135

Retired Moderator
Joined: 13 Feb 2015
Posts: 805

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 32

Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Aug 2017, 05:01
Merged topics. Please search before posting questions!
_________________

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 32

Manager
Joined: 23 Jun 2016
Posts: 141

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 44

Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Aug 2017, 09:52
I am still struggling with this quesiton.
Isn't D redundant / does not matter since the premise already confirms that the copyist was mentioning about specific plague that orrcured in 1148?
"Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148,"

I chose C. what if it takes "more than 1 year" to copy a page? The CB copy would not finish in 1148?

Could someone explain flaws in my logic? Thanks.

Kudos [?]: 8 [0], given: 44

Director
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 591

Kudos [?]: 147 [0], given: 133

Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Aug 2017, 12:28
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148?

a) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no known samples of the handwriting of the first three copyists -Even if there are no other known sources, then also we can't deduce the year in which the book was written from this option.
b) According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for ten months. -Out of scope
c) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day. -Out of scope
d) there was only on outbreak of plague in florence in the 1100s -Correct. If no other plague outbroke in Florence in 1100s other than in 1148, then it suggests that the premise and conclusion of the argument are indeed correct.
e) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist -We are not worried about the pages
_________________

Kudos if my post helps!

1. e-GMAT's ALL SC Compilation

Kudos [?]: 147 [0], given: 133

Senior Manager
Joined: 26 Dec 2015
Posts: 256

Kudos [?]: 55 [0], given: 1

Location: United States (CA)
Concentration: Finance, Strategy
WE: Investment Banking (Venture Capital)
Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Sep 2017, 20:43
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the hypothesis that Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148?

a) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no known samples of the handwriting of the first three copyists
- who cares how many samples of the handwriting of the copyists are?

b) According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for ten months.
- who cares how long the plague went on for? what if it continued for another 100 months?

c) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day.
- so it can be copied in a day, so what? how does this narrow down whether the hypothesis was done in 1148?

d) There was only one outbreak of plague in florence in the 1100s
- if there was only ONE outbreak of a plague in florence in the 1100s, it must have been THE plague that killed many people in Florence in 1148 -- it can't be anything else

e) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist
- this doesn't have to be b/c of the plague. maybe certain copyists like to write less and they planned to compose the writings in that manner? who knows?

Kudos [?]: 55 [0], given: 1

Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 1612

Kudos [?]: 1012 [0], given: 81

Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Nov 2017, 02:58
Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient roman medical treatise , is undated but contains clues to when it was produced. Its first eighty pages are by a single copyist, but the remaining twenty pages are by three different copyists, which indicates some significant disruption. Since a letter in handwriting identified as that of the fourth copyist mentions a plague that killed many people in florence in 1148, Codex Berinensis was probably produced in that year.

Boil it down - Codex Berinensis was produced in 1148
Type - strengthen
The plague in 1148 CAUSED the first copyist to stop working, an assumption that -- if true -- links the production of the Codex Berinensis to that year.

a) Other than Codex Berinensis, there are no known samples of the handwriting of the first three copyists -Irrelevant - CB was produced by 4 copyists is given as a fact here
b) According to the account by the fourth copyist, the plague went on for ten months. - Weakener - If the first three copyist started in 1147 , then it weakens our claim
c) A scribe would be able to copy a page of text the size and style of Codex Berinensis in a day. - Irrelevant
d) there was only on outbreak of plague in florence in the 1100s - Correct - This answer choice RULES OUT the possibility that ANOTHER PLAGUE -- PRIOR TO 1148 -- caused the first copyist to stop working.
e) The number of pages of Codex Berinensis produced by a single scribe becomes smaller with each successive change of copyist - Irrelevant

_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Kudos [?]: 1012 [0], given: 81

Re: Codex Berinensis, a Florentine copy of an ancient Roman   [#permalink] 22 Nov 2017, 02:58

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   [ 78 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by