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# Cognitive dissonance, a concept proposed by behavioral analyst Leon Fe

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Cognitive dissonance, a concept proposed by behavioral analyst Leon Fe  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2018, 05:58
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84% (01:39) correct 16% (01:27) wrong based on 69 sessions

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Cognitive dissonance, a concept proposed by behavioral analyst Leon Festinger, refers to a psychological condition in which individuals experience anxiety or even neurosis because they hold contradictory beliefs. The reverse situation, known as consonance, results when dissonance reaches a peak that forces the individual to move toward consonance. Therefore, no individual can arrive at cognitive consonance unless he or she first experiences the highest possible level of cognitive dissonance.

If the above statements are true, which of the following must also be true?

A. The higher the level of cognitive dissonance, the higher is the level of cognitive consonance achieved by the individual.

B. An individual experiencing cognitive consonance does not hold contradictory beliefs.

C. Cognitive consonance cannot be achieved unless cognitive dissonance is experienced first.

D. Cognitive dissonance cannot be treated using prescription medication.

E. Awareness of cognitive dissonance in itself is not sufficient to lead to cognitive consonance.

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Re: Cognitive dissonance, a concept proposed by behavioral analyst Leon Fe  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2018, 06:11
Cognitive dissonance, a concept proposed by behavioral analyst Leon Festinger, refers to a psychological condition in which individuals experience anxiety or even neurosis because they hold contradictory beliefs. The reverse situation, known as consonance, results when dissonance reaches a peak that forces the individual to move toward consonance. Therefore, no individual can arrive at cognitive consonance unless he or she first experiences the highest possible level of cognitive dissonance.

If the above statements are true, which of the following must also be true?

A
The higher the level of cognitive dissonance, the higher is the level of cognitive consonance achieved by the individual.

Wrong. We cannot infer that from the stem. We can only know that cognitive dissonance of the highest level gives way to consonance

B
An individual experiencing cognitive consonance does not hold contradictory beliefs.

We cannot confirm that. Because a person moves from cognitive dissonance to consonance. This doesn’t imply that the person becomes completely consonant.

C
Cognitive consonance cannot be achieved unless cognitive dissonance is experienced first.

We can keep this because it summarises what has been concluded. It does not restate the conclusion but for cognitive consonance to be achieved, there must be dissonance of the highest level.

D
Cognitive dissonance cannot be treated using prescription medication.

We can’t say that definitely. This could have been true had it been mentioned that all cognitively dissonant people become cognitively consonant.

E
Awareness of cognitive dissonance in itself is not sufficient to lead to cognitive consonance.

May be true but not always true. Even if a person is aware of cognitive dissonance, he/she might hold contradictory beliefs.

Therefore, by PoE, the answer seems C.

Waiting for OA.

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Re: Cognitive dissonance, a concept proposed by behavioral analyst Leon Fe  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2018, 08:13
Heisenberg12 wrote:
Cognitive dissonance, a concept proposed by behavioral analyst Leon Festinger, refers to a psychological condition in which individuals experience anxiety or even neurosis because they hold contradictory beliefs. The reverse situation, known as consonance, results when dissonance reaches a peak that forces the individual to move toward consonance. Therefore, no individual can arrive at cognitive consonance unless he or she first experiences the highest possible level of cognitive dissonance.

If the above statements are true, which of the following must also be true?

A
The higher the level of cognitive dissonance, the higher is the level of cognitive consonance achieved by the individual.

Wrong. We cannot infer that from the stem. We can only know that cognitive dissonance of the highest level gives way to consonance

B
An individual experiencing cognitive consonance does not hold contradictory beliefs.

We cannot confirm that. Because a person moves from cognitive dissonance to consonance. This doesn’t imply that the person becomes completely consonant.

C
Cognitive consonance cannot be achieved unless cognitive dissonance is experienced first.

We can keep this because it summarises what has been concluded. It does not restate the conclusion but for cognitive consonance to be achieved, there must be dissonance of the highest level.

D
Cognitive dissonance cannot be treated using prescription medication.

We can’t say that definitely. This could have been true had it been mentioned that all cognitively dissonant people become cognitively consonant.

E
Awareness of cognitive dissonance in itself is not sufficient to lead to cognitive consonance.

May be true but not always true. Even if a person is aware of cognitive dissonance, he/she might hold contradictory beliefs.

Therefore, by PoE, the answer seems C.

Waiting for OA.

Posted from my mobile device

OA: C
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Re: Cognitive dissonance, a concept proposed by behavioral analyst Leon Fe  [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2018, 20:43
I would like an explanation for eliminating E.
Thanks.

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Re: Cognitive dissonance, a concept proposed by behavioral analyst Leon Fe &nbs [#permalink] 02 Aug 2018, 20:43
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