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# Columnist: A democratic society cannot exist unless its

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Manager
Joined: 09 Jun 2011
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Columnist: A democratic society cannot exist unless its  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2011, 05:02
2
8
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

72% (01:43) correct 28% (01:49) wrong based on 460 sessions

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Columnist: A democratic society cannot exist unless its citizens have established strong bonds of mutual trust. Such bonds are formed and strengthened only by participation in civic organizations, political parties, and other groups outside the family. It is obvious then that widespread reliance on movies and electronic media for entertainment has an inherently corrosive effect on democracy.

Which one of the following is an assumption on which the columnist’s argument depends?

(A) Anyone who relies on movies and electronic media for entertainment is unable to form a strong bond of mutual trust with a citizen.
(B) Civic organizations cannot usefully advance their goals by using electronic media.
(C) Newspapers and other forms of print media strengthen, rather than weaken, democratic institutions.
(D) Relying on movies and electronic media for entertainment generally makes people less likely to participate in groups outside their families.
(E) People who rely on movies and electronic media for entertainment are generally closer to their families than are those who do not.

Spoiler: :: Official Explanation (Powerscore LSAT)
because it exaggerates the situation. The author does not assume that anyone would be unable to form a
strong bond of trust. The argument was clear about a corrosive effect on democracy. This answer, if it
were an assumption, would lead to the end of democracy. That result is too strong for the author’s
conclusion.
Answer choice (B): The author makes no assumption regarding organizations advancing their agenda.
Answer choice (C): The argument is not about newspapers and print media.
Answer choice (D): This is the correct answer. This Supporter assumption connects the new element in the
conclusion back to the conditional relationship in the premises.
Answer choice (E): The author does not assume that closeness to the family is a bad thing, but that one
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Re: Democratic society with strong bonds  [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2011, 11:12
Nice question. Almost got it wrong by thinking it was B instead of D.
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Re: Democratic society with strong bonds  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2011, 05:00
D is the answer. It relates the last sentence to the previous statement and provides the connection for the complete argument.
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Re: Democratic society with strong bonds  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2011, 11:04
Nice question..Answers are close..But D is my final selection as well..it bridges the gap between electronic media and participation outside families...A i felt is close but far too strong to be an assumption in this case.
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Re: Democratic society with strong bonds  [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2011, 23:04
IMO A
A democratic society cannot exist unless its citizens have established strong bonds of mutual trust.

A- supports the assumption
.......................... is unable to form a strong bond of mutual trust with a citizen.
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Re: Democratic society with strong bonds  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2011, 11:08
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A or D.. I am confused. I went with A.
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Re: Democratic society with strong bonds  [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2011, 07:38
IMO A,

Confused between A & D.
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Re: Columnist: A democratic society cannot exist unless its  [#permalink]

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23 Dec 2011, 22:20
Very nice question. Options A and D are very confusing. A is a little too extreme to be true as an assumption in this case. So D is the correct assumption.
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Re: Columnist: A democratic society cannot exist unless its  [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2011, 05:53
nice one
but one careful glance and i guess D will stand out
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Re: Columnist: A democratic society cannot exist unless its  [#permalink]

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22 Apr 2017, 12:05
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Conclusion : "Widespread reliance on movies and electronic media for entertainment has an inherently corrosive effect on democracy".{In other words electronic media is bad}

(A) "Anyone who relies on movies and electronic media for entertainment is unable to form a strong bond of mutual trust with a citizen."

This choice negated becomes, "Anyone who relies on movies and electronic media for entertainment is able to form a strong bond of mutual trust with a citizen."

Does this weaken the argument? No. Because even if they are able to form strong bonds of mutual trust with citizens they may not do so because they are spending all their time at the movies and not at civic organizations, political parties, and other groups outside the family. Therefore, the conclusion holds that electronic media is bad for democracy moreover, this option focuses more on forming bonds with citizens and that is why it's incorrect.

(D) "Relying on movies and electronic media for entertainment generally makes people less likely to participate in groups outside their families."

This choice negated becomes, "Relying on movies and electronic media for entertainment generally makes people not less likely to participate in groups outside their families."

Does this weaken the argument? Yes. Because if they are just as likely to participate in group events outside their families then the movies have no affect on whether a person goes to these events and forms bonds with other citizens. Therefore the conclusion that electronic media is bad for democracy falls apart.
Hence, D is correct answer choice here.
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Re: Columnist: A democratic society cannot exist unless its  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2019, 02:01
I understand option D. But how do you eliminate answer choice A. Negating A : Anyone who relies on movie and electronic media is able to form a strong bond of mutual trust with a citizen. Doesn't this weaken the argument??
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Re: Columnist: A democratic society cannot exist unless its  [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2019, 07:25
A is too strong, i thought the same . But went with D in the end
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Re: Columnist: A democratic society cannot exist unless its  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2019, 13:32
mallya12 wrote:
I understand option D. But how do you eliminate answer choice A. Negating A : Anyone who relies on movie and electronic media is able to form a strong bond of mutual trust with a citizen. Doesn't this weaken the argument??

The question asks us which answer choice is "an assumption on which the columnist’s argument depends," which is different than an answer choice that, if negated, would weaken the argument. An assumption on which the argument depends MUST be true in order for the conclusion to follow logically from the evidence in the passage.

The columnist concludes that "widespread reliance on movies and electronic media for entertainment has an inherently corrosive effect on democracy."

His/her evidence for this conclusion is as follows:
• A democratic society cannot exist unless its citizens have established strong bonds of mutual trust
• Such bonds are formed and strengthened only by participation in civic organizations, political parties, and other groups outside the family.

Take another look at (A):
Quote:
(A) Anyone who relies on movies and electronic media for entertainment is unable to form a strong bond of mutual trust with a citizen.

The key to eliminating this answer choice is the word "anyone."

The conclusion states that "widespread reliance on movies and electronic media for entertainment has an inherently corrosive effect on democracy." This just means that the overall effect of widespread reliance on movies/electronic media is corrosive to democracy. The conclusion would still be valid if, say, a large majority of people who use movies/electronic media are unable to form bonds of trust, even if a small number of movie watchers/electronic media users are able to form such bonds.

The argument does not require "anyone" who relies on movies/electronic media to be unable to form a strong bond of mutual support. Because this statement does not absolutely have to be true in order for the conclusion to be logically sound, answer choice (A) is not an assumption on which the argument depends.

I hope that helps!
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Re: Columnist: A democratic society cannot exist unless its   [#permalink] 03 Apr 2019, 13:32
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